Willi Dansgaard (August 30, 1922 – January 8, 2011) was a Danish paleoclimatologist. He was Professor Emeritus of Geophysics at the University of Copenhagen and a member of the Royal Danish Academy of Science and Letters, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, the Icelandic Academy of Sciences, and the Danish Geophysical Society.
Dansgaard was the first paleoclimatologist to demonstrate that measurements of the trace isotopes oxygen-18 and deuterium in accumulated glacier ice could be used as an indicator of past climate. Dansgaard was the first to note deuterium excess, or a water sample's deviation from the global meteoric water line (GMWL) in ice cores. He found that the kinetic differences between hydrogen-1 and deuterium related to the temperature of source water, and the absolute humidity.
He was the first scientist to extract palaeoclimatic information from the American Camp Century ice core from Greenland drilled by the US army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (CRREL). Dansgaard also took a leading role in the drilling of the first ice core to bedrock for scientific reasons, the DYE-3 core from South Greenland, 1,400 kilometres (870 mi) from the Camp Century. Confirming findings from the analysis of the Camp Century ice core, the DYE-3 climate profile documented the existence of rapid climate change, during and at the end of the last glacial. The repeated events of abrupt climate change during the glacial are named after Willi Dansgaard and his Swiss colleague, Hans Oeschger, and are known as Dansgaard-Oeschger events.
- 1971 Hans Egede Medal
- 1975 Swedish Society for Anthropology and Geography's Vega medal
- 1976 Seligman Crystal from the International Glaciological Society
- 1995 Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Crafoord Prize
- 1996 Tyler Prize for Environmental Achievement, 1996
- II, Thomas H. Maugh (7 February 2011). "Willi Dansgaard dies at 88; scientist who recognized climate record in ice cap" – via LA Times.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-01-14. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
- "The Seligman Crystal". International Glaciological Society. Retrieved 30 November 2016.[permanent dead link]
- - photo of Dansgaard, Chester C. Langway and Hans Oeschger
- - Professor Willi Dansgaard, 'Frozen Annals, Greenland Ice Sheet Research' free pdf download of this inspiring 2005 autobiography by the pioneer of Greenland Ice Core drilling. Hard copies of the book were only printed in limited numbers and are not generally for sale.
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