Willi Ludwig August Rinow (February 28th, 1907 in Berlin – March 29th, 1979 in Greifswald) was a German mathematician who specialized in differential geometry and topology. Rinow was the son of a schoolteacher. In 1926, he attended the Humboldt University of Berlin, studying mathematics and physics under professors such as Max Planck, Ludwig Bieberbach, and Heinz Hopf. There, he received his doctorate in 1931 (Über Zusammenhänge zwischen der Differentialgeometrie im Großen und im Kleinen, Math. Zeitschrift volume 35, 1932, page 512). In 1933, he worked at the Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik in Berlin. In 1937, he joined the Nazi Party. During 1937—1940, he was an editor of the journal Deutsche Mathematik. In 1937, he became a professor in Berlin and lectured there until 1950. His lecturing was interrupted because of his work as a mathematician at the Oberspreewerk in Berlin (a producer of radio and telecommunications technology) from 1946 to 1949.
In 1950, he became a professor at the University of Greifswald. He retired in 1972.
The Hopf–Rinow theorem is named after Hopf and Rinow.
During World War II, Rinow worked as a cryptanalyst in Subsection F of Referat I of Group IV of the Inspectorate 7/VI, that was later called the General der Nachrichtenaufklärung (GdNA), achieving the rank of Colonel. Rinow worked on researching methods to solve foreign ciphers. Rinow was subordinated to Herbert von Denffer who was Director of the section and subordinated to Hans Pietsch who was Director of the section. Major Rudolf Hentze was head of the group. Otto Buggisch who was a cryptanalyst who working in the GdNA and earlier the OKW/Chi and was interrogated by TICOM agents after the war, stated that Rinow was one of the most capable people in the unit.
- Die innere Geometrie der metrischen Räume, Springer 1961
- Lehrbuch der Topologie, Berlin, Deutscher Verlag der Wissenschaften 1975
- Rinow Über Zusammenhänge der Differentialgeometrie im Großen und Kleinen, Mathematische Zeitschrift, volume 32, 1932, page 412, Dissertation
- Renate Tobies: Biographisches Lexikon in Mathematik promovierter Personen, 2006
- Harry Waibel: Diener vieler Herren : Ehemalige NS-Funktionäre in der SBZ/DDR. Lang, Frankfurt am Main 2011 ISBN 978-3-631-63542-1 page 270
- "Volume 4 – Signal Intelligence Service of the Army High Command" (PDF). NSA. p. 182. Retrieved 12 November 2016. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- Green, Leon W. (1963). "Review: Die innere Geometrie der metrischen Räume by Willi Rinow" (PDF). Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 69 (2): 210–212. doi:10.1090/s0002-9904-1963-10916-7.