William, Margrave of Baden-Baden

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William, Margrave of Baden-Baden
Wilhelm I von Baden.jpg
William, Margrave of Baden-Baden
Born (1593-07-30)30 July 1593
Died 22 May 1677(1677-05-22) (aged 83)
Noble family House of Zähringen
Spouse(s) Catherine Ursula of Hohenzollern-Hechingen
Maria Magdalena of Oettingen-Baldern
Father Edward Fortunatus
Mother Maria of Eicken

Margrave William of Baden-Baden (30 July 1593 – 22 May 1677) was regent of Baden-Baden between 1621 and 1677.

Born in Baden-Baden, he was the eldest son of Margrave Edward Fortunatus of Baden and Maria of Eicken. He was Geheimrat, Generalfeldmarschall and Imperial Kammerrichter of Speyer, which gave him his nickname: Wilhelm der Kammerrichter. Wilhelm was also a Knight in the Order of the Golden Fleece.

He raised his grandson and successor Ludwig Wilhelm.

Wilhelm only received the Regency of Baden after the victory of Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly in the Battle of Wimpfen over Georg Friedrich, Margrave of Baden-Durlach, whose brother Ernst Friedrich had occupied Baden-Baden in 1594.

During the Regency of Wilhelm, Baden suffered from a terrible witch-hunt. Between 1626 and 1631, some 244 persons, mostly women, were charged and 231 were condemned and burned.

In 1631, Wilhelm lost Baden to the Swedish General Gustav Horn and regained control only after the Peace of Prague (1635) and the Peace of Westphalia on 24 October 1648. During this fighting, Wilhelm was taken prisoner, but not recognized and released as an ordinary soldier.

He died in Baden-Baden in 1677.

Marriage and Children[edit]

First marriage: Wilhelm married on 13 October 1624 Princess Catherine Ursula of Hohenzollern-Hechingen (died 2 June 1640), daughter of Count John George of Hohenzollern-Hechingen.

Second marriage: Wilhelm I married in 1650 Countess Maria Magdalena of Oettingen-Baldern (1619 - 31 August 1688), daughter of Count Ernst of Oettingen-Baldern.


William, Margrave of Baden-Baden
Born: 30 July 1593 Died: 22 May 1677
Preceded by
Edward Fortunatus
Margrave of Baden-Baden
Succeeded by
Louis William