William B. Caldwell
William B. Caldwell IV
Caldwell in 2011
|Born||January 24, 1954|
Columbus, Georgia, U.S.
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/||United States Army|
|Years of service||1976–2013|
|Commands held||CSC, 1st Battalion, 505th PIR, 82nd Airborne Division |
B Company, 1st Battalion, 46th Infantry, 1st Armored Division
4th Battalion, 27th Infantry, 25th Infantry Division (Light)
1st Brigade, 10th Mountain Division (Light)
82nd Airborne Division
U.S. Army Combined Arms Center and Fort Leavenworth, Kansas
Commander, NATO Training Mission – Afghanistan and Commander, Combined Security Transition Command – Afghanistan
United States Army North
|Battles/wars||Invasion of Panama|
|Awards||Defense Distinguished Service Medal|
Homeland Security Distinguished Service Medal
Army Distinguished Service Medal
Defense Superior Service Medal
Legion of Merit
William B. "Bill" Caldwell IV (born January 24, 1954) is a retired United States Army officer and the current President of Georgia Military College.  Caldwell's final military assignment was as Commanding General of United States Army North, also known as the Fifth Army.
- 1 Education
- 2 Career
- 3 Awards and decorations
- 4 Bibliography
- 5 See also
- 6 Notes and references
- 7 External links
Originally from Columbus, Georgia, Caldwell's family moved frequently. His father, William B. Caldwell, III was a serving officer in the US Army, eventually retiring as the Commander of Fifth Army. During Caldwell's early childhood, his father was stationed at the United States Military Academy. Caldwell attended the SHAPE American High School at SHAPE, Belgium followed by Hargrave Military Academy, a private military boarding school in Chatham, Virginia. From there, he was accepted to the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York. He continued his education with a master's degree in systems technology from the Naval Postgraduate School and then a master of military arts and sciences from the School for Advanced Military Studies which is part of the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College. Caldwell has also attended the John F. Kennedy School of Government and Harvard University as a Senior Service College Fellow.
Following a battalion command position in the 25th Infantry Division in Hawaii in the mid-1990s, Caldwell was sent to Haiti to work as political-military liaison in the U.S. Embassy during Operation Uphold Democracy.
After his tour in Haiti, he commanded the 1st Brigade, 10th Mountain Division, at Fort Drum, New York. He worked in the Office of the Director for Strategic Plans and Policy on the Joint Chiefs of Staff at the Pentagon, and later served as the executive assistant to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
Caldwell was serving as deputy director for operations, U.S. Pacific Command, Hawaii, at the time of the 9/11 attacks, when the command's focus shifted from regional war plans to the Global War on Terrorism.
In July 2002 Caldwell was assigned as senior military assistant to the deputy secretary of defense, Paul Wolfowitz. In this position he served his boss during the preparation, execution, and follow on for the Iraq War's Operation Iraqi Freedom and other aspects of the Global War on Terrorism.
From May 2004 until June 2006 Caldwell served as the Commanding General of the 82nd Airborne Division. As the division commander, Caldwell oversaw deployments by the units under his command to both Afghanistan and Iraq, as well as disaster-relief efforts following Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans.
Multi-National Force - Iraq spokesman
Following his command of the 82nd, Caldwell was assigned as Deputy Chief of Staff for Strategic Effects and spokesperson for the Multi-National Force – Iraq, a position he held for 13 months.
United States Army Combined Arms Center
Caldwell was promoted to the rank of lieutenant general in June 2007 and served as the Commanding General of the Combined Arms Center at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. As the Commanding General for the Combined Arms Center, he has responsibility for the Command and General Staff College and 17 other schools, centers, and training programs throughout the United States.
NATO Training Mission-Afghanistan/Combined Security Transition Command-Afghanistan
Caldwell assumed command of the NATO Training Mission-Afghanistan (NTM-A)/Combined Security Transition Command-Afghanistan (CSTC-A) on November 21, 2009. Prior to the activation of NTM-A at that time, CSTC-A was a two-star command headed by then Major General Richard Formica. Elevating the Afghan training mission to a three-star command reflected the increased priority placed on training the Afghan National Security Force (ANSF) as part of President Barack Obama's Afghan "Surge."  Caldwell's efforts in Afghanistan received praise from figures in the military and government, including Senator Carl Levin, United States Secretary of Defense Robert Gates, and Admiral Mike Mullen. During this assignment Caldwell was investigated after a subordinate claimed Caldwell directed him to use psychological operations in order to influence U.S. political leaders to support the military effort in Afghanistan. Doing so would be a violation of the Smith–Mundt Act. However, an investigation cleared Caldwell of wrongdoing.
Dawood Military Hospital
Three U.S. military officers testified that Caldwell tried to prevent the U.S. Department of Defense from investigating sub-standard conditions at an American-funded Afghan military hospital in Kabul. Caldwell's reasoning, according to Colonel Mark Fassl, was that there was "an election coming." However, Kenneth Moorefield, Deputy Inspector General for Special Plans and Operations, dismissed these allegations, claiming that there as no "attempt...to delay our investigation...or turn it off."
The Department of Defense Office of Inspector General (DoDIG) conducted an investigation into the allegations and determined that Caldwell and his deputy Major General Gary S. Patton sought in 2011 to restrict contact with a team of investigators probing allegations of corruption and sub-standard patient care at Dawood National Military Hospital. The Inspector General recommended that the Secretary of the Army take appropriate action against Caldwell and his immediate subordinate, Major General Patton. An Army spokesman stated that, following the investigation, Caldwell "requested that he be retired, knowing that these substantiated allegations would directly prevent any future promotion or assignment to a position of importance and responsibility."
United States Army North (Fifth Army)
Caldwell's final military command was United States Army North, also known as the Fifth Army, which was also his father's final military assignment. Caldwell turned over command of U.S. Army North to Lieutenant General Perry L. Wiggins on September 4, 2013.
Dates of rank
Awards and decorations
- Honorary Member of the Sergeant Audie Murphy Club
- Veterans of Foreign Wars Commander-in-Chief Gold Medal and Citation of Merit Award
- Honorary ROCK of the Year in 2008
- Caldwell, W. (2013). Enhancing North American Security – A Military Perspective. "Interagency Journal" The Journal of the Simons Center, Vol. 3, Issue 4, Special Edition, November 2012.
- Caldwell, W. (2010). Curing Afghanistan. Foreign Policy. Retrieved April 7, 2010, from http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2010/04/07/curing_afghanistan.
- Caldwell, W. (2010). Leadership Development, Professionalism, and Transition. Small Wars Journal. Retrieved August 29, 2010, from http://smallwarsjournal.com/blog/2010/08/leadership-development-profess.
- Caldwell, W. (2010). Economy of Force to Strategic Cornerstone: The Past, present and Future of the Afghan National Security Forces. Army Magazine. November 2010.
- Caldwell, W. (2010). Towards Transition. Defence Management Journal. November 2010.
- Caldwell, W. (2010). No Trainers? No Transition. NATO Review. November 2010.
- Caldwell, W. (2010). The Challenges of a Multilateral Approach. PRISM. Volume 2, Number 1, November 2010.
- Caldwell, W. (2010). From the Operational to the Strategic: A Post-2011 Opportunity. Canadian Defence and Foreign Affairs Institute Policy Update. December 12, 2010.
- Caldwell, W. (2011). Developing Ministries and Security Forces in Afghanistan. Journal of International Peace Operations. Volume 6, Number 4, January 2011.
- Caldwell, W. (2011). Security, Capacity and Literacy. Military Review. January–February 2011.
- Caldwell, W. and Nathan K. Finney. (2011). Building the Security Force that Won't Leave. Joint Force Quarterly. Issue 62, 3rd Quarter 2011.
- Caldwell, W. and Nathan K. Finney. (2011). Helping Afghans Help Themselves. U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings. July 2011.
- Caldwell, W. and Nathan K. Finney. (2011). Developing a Sustainable Security Force. Canadian Military Journal. Summer 2011.
- Caldwell, W. and Keith Detwiler. (2011). Afghanistan: Return on Investment. Armed Forces Journal. August 2011.
- Caldwell, W. and Derek Reveron (2011). Beyond the Tenth Year in Afghanistan: Security Force Assistance and International Security, Foreign Police Research Institute.
- Caldwell, W. and Crispin Burke (2013). America's Veterans: A Sound Investment. Center for a New American Security.
- Caldwell, W. (2010). Dr. Seuss and the Afghan Military. Wall Street Journal.
- Caldwell, W. (2010). The Military Women of Afghanistan. The Boston Globe.
- Caldwell, W. (2011). The Unnoticed Surge in Afghan Security. Chicago Tribune.
- Caldwell, W. (2011). Hope and Opportunity. Ledger-Enquirer.
- Caldwell, W. (2012). Moral and Persistent, Lincoln Inspires. San Antonio Express-News.
- Caldwell, W. (2012). In 'Military City', Army Celebrates a Big Day. San Antonio Express-News.
- Caldwell, W. (2012). This Time, a Hero's Welcome. San Antonio Express-News.
- Caldwell, W. (2013). Happy Birthday, U.S. Army. San Antonio Express-News
- Caldwell, W. (2013). San Antonio Truly is Military City, USA. San Antonio Express-News
- Caldwell, W. (2010). Update on Progress and Challenges in Developing An Afghan Security Force. Think Progress.
- Caldwell, W. (2010). Literacy as a Matter of Life and Death. Huffington Post.
- Caldwell, W. (2010). No Trainers, No Transition. Allied Command Operations Blog.
- Caldwell, W. (2010). Inspirational Leaders, Incredible Impact. Huffington Post.
- Caldwell, W. (2010). Communicating Their Own Story: Progress in the Afghan National Security Force. MountainRunner.
- Caldwell, W. (2011). Drop by Drop, A River is Formed: Transition Begins in Afghanistan. New Atlanticist. July 19, 2011.
- Caldwell, W. (2011). Heart of Transition in Herat. New Atlanticist. July 22, 2011.
- Caldwell, W. (2011). International Partnership and Transition in Afghanistan. New Atlanticist. July 28, 2011.
- Caldwell, W. (2011). Building the Afghan National Security Force Under Fire. New Atlanticist. August 4, 2011.
- Caldwell, W. (2011). NATO and the Afghan Surge. New Atlanticist. August 15, 2011.
- Caldwell, W. (2011). Building a Capable, Affordable, and Sustainable Afghan National Security Force. New Atlanticist. August 23, 2011.
- Caldwell, W. (2011). Leadership Lessons of an Afghan Colonel. New Atlanticist. August 30, 2011.
- Caldwell, W. (2011). Tragedy, Hope, and 9/11 Remembered. New Atlanticist. September 8, 2011.
- Caldwell, W. (2011). International Partnership and NATO's Future in Afghanistan. New Atlanticist. September 15, 2011.
- Caldwell, W. (2011). The Afghan National Police. New Atlanticist. September 23, 2011.
- Caldwell, W. (2011). Resilience and Heroism in Afghanistan. New Atlanticist. September 30, 2011.
- Caldwell, W. (2012). Mexico Matters! Small Wars Journal. October 22, 2012
- Caldwell, W. (2012). Using Social Media To Tell the Army Story Army Live Blog. November 1, 2012
- International Security Assistance Force
- Combined Security Transition Command – Afghanistan
- 2009 congressional delegation to Afghanistan
Notes and references
- Abi-Habib, Maria. (2011). "Neglect at Afghan Military Hospital, Graft and Deadly Neglect" from "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-02-08. Retrieved 2015-02-08.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- Abi-Habib, Maria. (2012) Pentagon Is Pressed on Afghan Inquiry from "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-02-08. Retrieved 2015-02-08.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "Leadership is their life". Columbus Ledger-Enquirer. Columbus, GA. October 25, 2008.
- George Bush Presidential Library and Museum, Public Papers – 1991 – June, Appointment of the 1991–1992 White House Fellows, June 4, 1991
- Bentley, Jay. "Caldwell Bio Page".
- "SHAPE International School". Isbi.com. 2003-07-01. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved September 25, 2013.
- "Proiment alumni" (List). Hargrave Military Academy. Archived from the original on 2008-05-11.
- Gilmore, Gerry (September 21, 2005). "82nd Airborne Division Becomes 'Waterborne' in New Orleans". American Forces Press Service. Archived from the original on March 14, 2008.
- Dreazen, Y. (2010). U.S. Says Afghan Forces Growing Faster Than Expected. National Journal. Retrieved February 19, 2011, from "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-11-29. Retrieved 2011-02-20.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- Congressional Testimony. (2011). Defense Authorization Request for Fiscal Year 2012 and the Future Years Defense Program. Retrieved February 19, 2011, from "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-03-04. Retrieved 2011-02-20.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- MSNBC.com, Report: Army Targeted U.S. Senators With Psy-Ops Archived 2013-12-22 at the Wayback Machine, February 24, 2011
- Robert Burns, Associated Press, Army Times, Pentagon Clears 3-Star of Alleged Psyops Use, July 27, 2011
- Jim Garamone, American Forces Press Service, Report Clears Afghanistan Training Commander Archived 2013-07-13 at the Wayback Machine, July 28, 2011
- Margasak, Larry. (2012). "Generals deny trying to stop Afghan hospital probe." Associated Pres. Retrieved February 25, 2013, from "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-02-08. Retrieved 2013-03-31.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- Capaccio, Tony (September 19, 2013). "Generals Seen Trying to Impede Afghan Hospital Probe". Bloomberg. Archived from the original on September 27, 2013. Retrieved September 25, 2013.
- "3-star seen as trying to block Afghan hospital probe retires at rank". Army Times.
- Michelle Tan, Army Times, Army North Welcomes New Commander, September 5, 2013
- Joe Gould, Army Times, , November 6, 2013
- "Statement of Lieutenant General William B. Caldwell IV United States Army Committee on Oversight and Government Reform Subcommittee on National Security, Homeland Defense, and Foreign Operations" (PDF). United States House of Representatives. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 September 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to William B. Caldwell, IV.|
- Multi-National Force – Iraq
- FM 3-0 Operations, 27 February 2008
- FM 3-07 Stability Operations, October 2008
- Combined Arms Center Blog website
- Selected Speeches from Caldwell
- "New US Army doctrine culls lessons from RP" (October 10, 2008) by Rodney J. Jaleco, ABS-CBN North America News Bureau
- "Stability Operations: A Road Map from Conflict to Peace - A Preview of the New Army Field Manual 3-07" (October 8, 2008) by Lt. Gen. William B. Caldwell IV, Foreign Press Center Briefing
- "Standard Warfare May Be Eclipsed By Nation-Building" (October 5, 2008) by Ann Scott Tyson, Washington Post
- Windows Media Clip of Caldwell on The Daily Show with Jon Stewart (March 10, 2008)
- "Top General: Let Soldiers Blog" (January 31, 2008) by Noah Shachtman, Wired Blog Network
- on YouTube (April 11, 2007) by Al Jazeera
- "82nd Airborne Division Becomes 'Waterborne' in New Orleans" (September 21, 2005) by Gerry J. Gilmore, American Forces Press Service
- "Learning to Leverage New Media: The Israeli Defense Forces in Recent Conflicts" (May-June, 2009) by Lt. Gen. William Caldwell, Mr. Dennis Murphy and Mr. Anton Menning, Military Review
- "Fostering a Culture of Engagement" (Sept.-Oct. 2009) by Lt. Gen. William Caldwell, Lt. Col. Shawn Stroud and Mr. Anton Menning, Military Review
- ISAF - International Security Assistance Force
- Media Engagement: Brussels (February 23, 2011)
- Appearances on C-SPAN