William B. Caldwell (judge)

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William B. Caldwell
William B. Caldwell (judge).png
Justice of the Ohio Supreme Court
In office
March 7, 1849 – November 23, 1854
Preceded by Matthew Birchard
Succeeded by William Kennon, Sr.
Personal details
Born (1808-06-03)June 3, 1808
Butler County, Ohio
Died March 21, 1876(1876-03-21) (aged 67)
Cincinnati, Ohio
Resting place Spring Grove Cemetery
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Agnes Corry
Children three
Alma mater Miami University

William B. Caldwell (June 3, 1808 – March 21, 1876) was a Democratic Party jurist in the U.S. state of Ohio who sat on the Ohio Supreme Court 1849–1854.

William B. Caldwell was born on a Butler County, Ohio farm, where he stayed his first 21 years.[1] He entered Miami University at Oxford, Ohio in 1830, and graduated in 1835.[1][2] He studied law under John Woods of Hamilton, Ohio, and was admitted to the bar in 1837. He began practice in Xenia, Ohio and moved to Cincinnati, Ohio the next year.[1][2] There he formed a partnership with General Samuel F. Cary.[1]

In 1841 Caldwell was elected Prosecuting Attorney of Hamilton County, Ohio, and in 1842, President Judge of the Court of Common Pleas of that county. He held that position until 1849, when the Ohio General Assembly elected him to the Ohio Supreme Court.[1][2] In autumn 1851, a new constitution of the state made judges elective, and Caldwell received the most votes among 11 candidates for five positions on the court.[3] The five winners drew lots, and Caldwell was assigned a one year term.[4] He was re-elected in 1852 to a five-year term.[5]

Caldwell resigned his seat in December, 1854,[4] and resumed his practice in Cincinnati.[1][2] Caldwell was married to Agnes Corry of Cincinnati in 1844, and was survived by a son of the same name. He died at Cincinnati March 21, 1876.[6] He was buried at Spring Grove Cemetery.[7]

Caldwell married Agnes Corry on January 3, 1844. They had three children.[7]


  1. ^ a b c d e f Kinkead 1895 235–236
  2. ^ a b c d Medico-Legal Journal 1900 page 183 of supplement
  3. ^ Bell 1876 : 115
  4. ^ a b Gilkey 1901 : 472
  5. ^ Smith 1898 : 27
  6. ^ National Cyclopedia : 545
  7. ^ a b "William B. Caldwell". The Supreme Court of Ohio & The Ohio Judicial System. Retrieved 2011-08-29.