William Baer (antitrust lawyer)

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William Joseph Baer (born May 31, 1950)[1] is a United States lawyer who currently is the Assistant Attorney General for the United States Department of Justice Antitrust Division.

Early life and education[edit]

Born in Baraboo, Wisconsin, Baer earned a bachelor's degree in 1972 from Lawrence University and a law degree from Stanford Law School in 1975.[2]

Professional career[edit]

Upon graduating law school in 1975, Baer took a job with the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) where he held positions as Assistant General Counsel and Director of Congressional Relations; Attorney Advisor to the Chairman; Assistant to the Director, Bureau of Consumer Protection; and Trial Attorney, Bureau of Consumer Protection.

Baer left the FTC in 1980 to join the law firm Arnold & Porter. He was an associate at the firm from 1980 until 1984, when he became a partner. He remained a partner at Arnold & Porter until 1995, and among his higher-profile cases was successfully defending General Electric against price-fixing accusations in the 1990s.[3]

In 1995, Baer left Arnold & Porter to rejoin the FTC as the director of its Bureau of Competition. Baer left the FTC in October 1999.

In January 2000, Baer returned to Arnold & Porter as a partner. In his practice, he represented a broad range of firms in U.S. and cartel investigations, mergers and acquisitions reviews, and antitrust litigation.[2] Baer held that role until his retirement in 2012. Per his disclosure when joining the U.S. Department of Justice in 2012 Baer continues to receive payments from Arnold & Porter until 2025 as part of his retirement package.

In 2012 Baer became assistant attorney general for the antitrust division in the Justice Department.

Assistant Attorney General[edit]

On February 6, 2012, President Obama nominated Baer to serve as Assistant Attorney General for the Antitrust Division, filling the slot vacated by Christine A. Varney.[4] During his hearings before the United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary in July 2012, Baer told senators that he felt that the Antitrust Division had been "well run in recent years."[5] However, his nomination stalled in the second half of 2012 after some Republican senators said they did not like something discovered in Baer's background check.[5]

On September 20, 2012, Baer's nomination was voted out of committee to the full U.S. Senate in a 12-5 vote.[3] On December 30, 2012, the full U.S. Senate confirmed Baer in a 64-26 vote, with all votes against him coming from Republicans.[4][6]

The first case for Baer to oversee in June 2013 was a trial that the Division filed accusing book publishers of conspiring with Apple to fix the prices of e-books.[3] The Justice Department contends, that since the trial the average price of best-selling e-books has dropped to about $6 from $12.99 before.[7]

Baer is a resident of Bethesda, Maryland.[6]


  1. ^ "Attorney William J Baer | Lawyer in Washington DC". Lawyercentral.com. 1950-05-31. Retrieved 2014-05-18. 
  2. ^ a b "President Obama Announces More Key Administration Posts | The White House". Whitehouse.gov. 2012-02-03. Retrieved 2014-05-18. 
  3. ^ a b c Lattman, Peter (December 30, 2012). "William Baer Confirmed as Justice Department Antitrust Chief". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. 
  4. ^ a b "Presidential Nominations Sent to the Senate | The White House". Whitehouse.gov. Retrieved 2014-05-18. 
  5. ^ a b "Antitrust Lawyers Predict New DOJ Division Chief to Continue 'Aggressive Enforcement' - The BLT: The Blog of Legal Times". Legaltimes.typepad.com. 2013-01-02. Retrieved 2014-05-18. 
  6. ^ a b "U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home > Votes > Roll Call Vote". Senate.gov. Retrieved 2014-05-18. 
  7. ^ Wyatt, Edward (30 January 2014). "Wireless Mergers Will Draw Scrutiny, Antitrust Chief Says". NYT. Retrieved 15 May 2014.