William Barclay (theologian)
William Barclay (born 5 December 1907 in Wick, Scotland; died 24 January 1978 in Glasgow, Scotland) was a Scottish author, radio and television presenter, Church of Scotland minister, and Professor of Divinity and Biblical Criticism at the University of Glasgow. He wrote a popular set of Bible commentaries on the New Testament that sold 1.5 million copies.
Barclay's father was a bank manager. He attended Dalziel High School in Motherwell and then studied classics at the University of Glasgow 1925–1929, before studying divinity. He studied at the University of Marburg during the year 1932-33. After being ordained in the Church of Scotland in 1933, he was minister at Trinity Church Renfrew from 1933 to 1946, afterwards returning to the University of Glasgow as lecturer in New Testament from 1947, and as Professor of Divinity and Biblical Criticism from 1963.
Barclay described himself theologically as a "liberal evangelical." Barclay expressed his personal views in his A Spiritual Autobiography (1977), and Clive L. Rawlins elaborates in William Barclay: prophet of goodwill: the authorised biography (1998). They included:
- scepticism concerning the Trinity: "Nowhere does the New Testament identify Jesus with God."
- belief in universal salvation: "I am a convinced universalist. I believe that in the end all men will be gathered into the love of God."
- pacifism: "war is mass murder".
- evolution: "We believe in evolution, the slow climb upwards of man from the level of the beasts. Jesus is the end and climax of the evolutionary process because in Him men met God. The danger of the Christian faith is that we set up Jesus as a kind of secondary God. The Bible never, as it were, makes a second God of Jesus. Rather, it stresses the utter dependence of Jesus on God."
He was also "reticent about the inspiration of Scripture, critical of the doctrine of substitutionary atonement, and given to views about the virgin birth and miracles which conservatives would find either heretical or imprecise."
While professor, he decided to dedicate his life to "making the best biblical scholarship available to the average reader". The eventual result was the Daily Study Bible, a set of 17 commentaries on the New Testament, published by Saint Andrew Press, the Church of Scotland's publishing house. Despite the series name, these commentaries do not set a program of regular study. Rather, they go verse by verse through Barclay's own translation of the New Testament, listing and examining every possible interpretation known to Barclay and providing all the background information he considered possibly relevant, all in layman's terms. The commentaries were fully updated with the help of William Barclay's son, Ronnie Barclay, in recent years and they are now known as the New Daily Study Bible series.
The 17 volumes of the set were all best-sellers and continue to be so to this day. A companion set giving a similar treatment to the Old Testament was endorsed but not written by Barclay. In 2008 Saint Andrew Press began taking the content of the New Daily Study Bibles and producing pocket-sized thematic titles called Insights. The Insights books are introduced by contemporary authors, broadcasters and scholars, including Nick Baines and Diane-Louise Jordan.
Barclay wrote many other popular books, always drawing on scholarship but written in a highly accessible style. In The Mind of Jesus (1960) he states that his aim was "to make the figure of Jesus more vividly alive, so that we may know him better and love him more".
Barclay's books on the gospels and Jesus include:
- The Gospels and Acts: Matthew, Mark and Luke
- The Gospels and Acts: John and Acts
- Discovering Jesus
- Jesus of Nazareth (a companion to the miniseries)
- Jesus As They Saw Him
- Crucified and Crowned
- The Mind of Jesus
- The Parables of Jesus
- The Plain Man Looks at the Beatitudes
- The Plain Man Looks at the Lord's Prayer
- The Old Law and the New Law
- And He Had Compassion: The Miracles of Jesus (Judson Press)
- We Have Seen the Lord!
- The Master's Men
- Fishers of Men
Barclay's books on New Testament studies include:
- The New Testament: A New Translation
- A Beginner's Guide to the New Testament
- The New Daily Study Bible (17 volumes covering the entire New Testament)
- Insights (Series currently extending to 8 titles)
- Good Tidings of Great Joy
- God's Young Church
- The Mind of St. Paul
- Many Witnesses, One Lord
- At the Last Trumpet: Jesus Christ and the End of Time
- Flesh And Spirit: An Examination of Galatians 5:19–23
- The Men, The Meaning, The Message of the Books
- Great Themes of the New Testament
- New Testament Words
Barclay's many other books include:
- Introducing the Bible
- The Ten Commandments
- The Apostles' Creed
- Growing in Christian Faith
- Letters to the Seven Churches
- The Lord is My Shepherd
- The Lord's Supper
- The Plain Man's Book of Prayers
- The Promise of the Spirit
- Communicating the Gospel (reprinted as Meditations on Communicating the Gospel)
- Ethics in a Permissive Society
- A Spiritual Autobiography
- J. D. Douglas, “Barclay, William (1907–78),” ed. Martin Davie et al., New Dictionary of Theology: Historical and Systematic (London; Downers Grove, IL: Inter-Varsity Press; InterVarsity Press, 2016), 103.
- A man and his God intro by Allan Galloway to The Lord Is My Shepherd by William Barclay p1-8
- Cross, F. L., and Elizabeth A. Livingstone, eds. The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.
- Martin, Ralph P. (2007). "Barclay, William". In McKim, Donald K. (ed.). Dictionary of major biblical interpreters (2nd ed.). Downers Grove, Ill.: IVP Academic. p. 144. ISBN 978-0-8308-2927-9.
- William Barclay: A Spiritual Autobiography, pg 50, William B Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, 1977. cited in Anthony Buzzard, Charles F. Hunting The doctrine of the Trinity: Christianity's self-inflicted wound 1999
- William Barclay: A Spiritual Autobiography, pg 65–67, William B Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, 1977.
- Clive L. Rawlins William Barclay: prophet of goodwill : the authorized biography Fount, 1998 p83
- Barclay, William. Commentary on Luke. P. 140.
- Barclay, William (2009). Insights: Easter. Edinburgh: Saint Andrew Press. ISBN 978-0-7152-0860-1.
- Official site of the William Barclay Trust
- Brief biography at Harper Collins (publishers)
- The Enigmatic William Barclay, article in an online Christian magazine.
- "I am a convinced universalist" by William Barclay
- A collection of quotations from William Barclay.
- http://www.stmarkspress.com Publisher of some of Barclay's major books