William Bedell Stanford
William Bedell Stanford (16 January 1910 – 30 December 1984) was an Irish classical scholar and senator. He was Regius Professor of Greek at Trinity College, Dublin between 1940 and 1980 and served as the twenty-second Chancellor of the University between 1982 and 1984.
He was born in Belfast, the son of a Dublin-born Church of Ireland clergyman who served in Waterford and Tipperary. He was educated at Bishop Foy's School in Waterford, where a special teacher had to be recruited to coach him in Greek. He subsequently won a sizarship to Trinity College. He was elected a Foundation Scholar in his first year at Trinity, having become an undergraduate in October 1928. He also served as Auditor of the College Classical Society. He was editor of TCD: A College Miscellany in Hilary term of 1931. He became a Fellow in 1934 and was one of the last Fellows to be elected by examination. Stanford was one of seven candidates nominated for the Provostship of the University on 11 March 1952 but was eliminated along with two other candidates in the first round of the election. He was considered, at the age of 42, to be too junior. The successful candidate on that occasion was the mathematician, A.J. McConnell, who remained in office for 22 years.
His grandfather's cousin was the composer Charles Villiers Stanford.
Stanford established himself as a Greek scholar in his twenties with the publication of two books which approached Greek literature as a subject for literary criticism, Greek Metaphor and Ambiguity in Greek Literature. He is perhaps best remembered for his commentaries aimed at students on Homer's Odyssey, Aristophanes' Frogs, and Sophocles' Ajax.
In 1965, Stanford gave the Sather Lectures at the University of California, Berkeley, on the topic of the pronunciation of Ancient Greek. The lectures were revised into a book published in 1967.
Stanford had a particular interest in the classical tradition, in Ireland and elsewhere, and published a number of articles on this topic in the Trinity journal Hermathena, as well as a brief but wide-ranging book entitled Ireland and the Classical Tradition.
Stanford's poetry appears in several anthologies and his posthumously published memoirs.
After Stanford's death, a series of lectures in his honour was established at Trinity College, Dublin. The first lecturer in the series was Duncan F. Kennedy, a former student of Stanford's.
He also represented Trinity in the Seanad between 1951 and 1969. During the 1950s, however, he had the courage to come out publicly against the Fethard Boycott, and he also demanded an inquiry into the assault on Jehovah's Witnesses in Clare. In both cases, Éamon de Valera proved sympathetic personally but declined to take any public action. As a leader of the Republic of Ireland's small Protestant population, Stanford was a lifelong champion of the proportional representation electoral process, believing that it protected the rights of minorities.
- Greek Metaphor: Studies in Theory and Practice, Oxford 1936
- Ambiguity in Greek Literature, Oxford 1939
- Aeschylus in His Style: A Study in Language and Personality, Dublin 1942
- The Odyssey of Homer, Vol.1 (Books 1–12), London 1947
- The Odyssey of Homer, Vol.2 (Books 13–24), London 1948
- The Ulysses Theme: A Study in the Adaptability of a Traditional Hero, Oxford 1955; second ed. Putnam, Conn. 1993
- The Frogs, by Aristophanes, London 1958
- Ajax, by Sophocles, London 1963
- The Sound of Greek: Studies in the Greek Theory and Practice of Euphony, Berkeley 1967
- Mahaffy: A Biography of an Anglo-Irishman (with R. B. McDowell), London 1971
- The Quest for Ulysses (with John Victor Luce), London 1974
- Ireland and the Classical Tradition, Dublin 1976
- Enemies of Poetry, London 1980
- Greek tragedy and the emotions : an introductory study, London 1983
- The Travels of Lord Charlemont in Greece & Turkey, 1749 (with Eustathios J Finopoulos), London 1984
- Stanford: Regius Professor of Greek, 1940–80, Trinity College, Dublin: Memoirs, Dublin 2002
- J.V. Luce, 'William Bedell Stanford: A memorial address' in Ross Hinds (ed.), William Bedell Stanford: Regius Professor of Greek 1940–80: Trinity College, Dublin: Memoirs (Hinds, Dublin 2002) p. 229.
- Hinds (2002), p. 59.
- R.B. McDowell & D.A. Webb (1982). Trinity College Dublin 1592–1952: An academic history. pp. 493–494.