William Bell Scott
William Bell Scott (12 September 1811 – 22 November 1890) was a Scottish poet, artist and occasional engraver.
The son of Robert Scott (1777–1841), the engraver, and brother of David Scott, the painter, he was born in Edinburgh. While a young man he studied art and assisted his father, and he published verses in the Scottish magazines. In 1837 he went to London, where he became sufficiently well known as an artist to be appointed in 1844 master of the government school of design at Newcastle-on-Tyne. He held the post for twenty years, and did work in organizing art-teaching and examining under the Science and Art Department.
He did much decorative work, too, on his own account, notably at Wallington Hall, in the shape of eight large pictures illustrating Border history, with life-size figures, supplemented by eighteen pictures illustrating The ballad of Chevy Chase in the spandrels of the arches of the hall. For Penkill Castle, Ayrshire, he executed a similar series, illustrating James I's The Kingis Quair.
In Newcastle, Scott was visited by all the Rossetti family, and Dante Gabriel Rossetti painted Maria Leathart's portrait at Scott's house 14 St Thomas' Crescent (plaque erected 2005). Algernon Charles Swinburne, who wrote two poems to Scott, spent much time with him in Newcastle after being sent down from Oxford.
After 1870 Scott was much in London, where he bought a house in Chelsea, and he was an intimate friend of Rossetti and in high repute as an artist and an author. He was, however, at daggers drawn with John Ruskin.
His poetry, which he published at intervals (notably Poems, 1875, illustrated by etchings by himself and Alma-Tadema), recalled Blake and Shelley, and was considerably influenced by Rossetti; he also wrote several volumes of artistic and literary criticism, and edited Keats, L.E.L., Byron, Coleridge, Shelley, Shakespeare and Scott.
He resigned his appointment under the Science and Art Department in 1885, and from then until his death he was mainly occupied in writing his reminiscences, which were published posthumously in 1892, with a memoir by Professor Minto. It is for his connection with Rossetti's circle that Bell Scott will be chiefly remembered.
- National Portrait Gallery, London
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Scott, William Bell". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- Tim Hilton, John Ruskin (2002) p.644. 'The publication of Our Sketching Club gave an opportunity to ... Ruskin's old enemy, to write a hostile review in which he repeated many of the his earlier criticisms of The Art of Drawing.'
- "Scott, William Bell". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
- William Bell Scott biography
Media related to William Bell Scott at Wikimedia Commons
- William Bell Scott at BBC Your Paintings (in partnership with the Public Catalogue Foundation)
- William Bell Scott at Future Museum, South West Scotland.