William Best, 1st Baron Wynford
Background and education
Best was the third son of Thomas Best of Haselbury Plucknett in Somerset. He became a student at Wadham College, Oxford at the age of 15, but left at 17 without a degree. Originally destined for a career in the Church, he instead chose to study law, and entered the Middle Temple on 9 October 1784.
Best was Called to the Bar on 6 November 1789 and established a successful legal practice. In 1802 he was elected to parliament for Petersfield as a Whig, a seat he held until 1806. After joining the Tories, he sat for Bridport from 1812 to 1817 and then represented Guildford from 1818 to 1819. In 1813 Best was appointed Solicitor-General to the Prince of Wales, which he remained until 1816, and was then Attorney-General to the Prince of Wales from 1816 to 1818 and Chief Justice of Chester in 1818. The following year he was made a Judge of the Common Pleas and knighted. Best was admitted to the Privy Council in 1824 and appointed Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, in which post he remained until 1829. The latter year Best was raised to the peerage as Baron Wynford, of Wynford Eagle in the County of Dorset. Lord Wynford later served as a Deputy Speaker of the House of Lords. Despite his earlier affiliation with the Whigs, he became known as an ardent Tory, and vigorously opposed the 1832 Reform Act. Lord Wynford suffered from gout for many years, and was carried into the House of Lords in an arm-chair, in which he was also allowed to address the rest of the house. However, he was later forced to retire from public life due to his illness.
In 1794, Lord Wynford married Mary Anne, daughter of Jerome Knapp Junior of Chilton in Berkshire (now Oxfordshire), Clerk of the Haberdashers' Company, by his second wife, Sarah, daughter and eventual heiress of George Noyes of Southcote, Berkshire, and Andover, Hampshire. They lived together at Wynford House at Wynford Eagle in Dorset where they raised ten children. He died in March 1845, aged 77, and was succeeded in the barony by his eldest son William Samuel Best. Lord Wynford's daughter, Grace Anne Best, married Philip Lake Godsal, the grandfather of Philip Thomas Godsal.
- "No. 18582". The London Gazette. 5 June 1829. p. 1030.
- Stephen, Leslie, ed. (1885). . Dictionary of National Biography. 4. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990,[page needed]
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Lord Wynford
- Hutchinson, John (1902). . A catalogue of notable Middle Templars, with brief biographical notices (1 ed.). Canterbury: the Honourable Society of the Middle Temple. p. 20.
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Sir Samuel Hood, Bt
Sir Evan Nepean, Bt
| Member of Parliament for Bridport
With: Sir Horace St Paul, Bt
Henry Charles Sturt
Sir Horace St Paul, Bt
Thomas Cranley Onslow
| Member of Parliament for Guildford
With: Arthur Onslow
Charles Baring Wall
The Lord Gifford
| Chief Justice of the Common Pleas
Sir Nicholas Conyngham Tindal
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|New creation|| Baron Wynford
William Samuel Best