William Bidlake

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
William Henry Bidlake
Garth House, Edgbaston, Birmingham - William Bidlake.jpg
Garth House in Edgbaston, Birmingham, designed by the architect
Born (1861-05-12)12 May 1861
Wolverhampton, England
Died 6 April 1938(1938-04-06) (aged 76)
Wadhurst, Sussex, England
Education Tettenhall College
Alma mater
Style Arts and Crafts
Awards RIBA Pugin Travelling Fellowship
Design by Bidlake for St Agatha's Church, Sparkbrook, 1899

William Henry Bidlake MA, FRIBA (12 May 1861 – 6 April 1938) was an English architect, a leading figure of the Arts and Crafts movement in Birmingham and Director of the School of Architecture at Birmingham School of Art from 1919 until 1924.

Several of Bidlake's houses in the Birmingham area were featured in Hermann Muthesius's book Das englische Haus ("The English House"), which was to prove influential on the early Modern Movement in Germany.

Life and career[edit]

Bidlake was born in Wolverhampton, the son of local architect George Bidlake (1830-1892, from whom he received his earliest architectural training), and educated at Tettenhall College and Christ's College, Cambridge.[1] In 1882 he moved to London where he studied at the Royal Academy Schools and worked for Gothic Revival architects Bodley and Garner. In 1885 he won the RIBA Pugin Travelling Fellowship for his draughtsmanship, which enabled him to spend 1886 travelling in Italy.

On returning to England in 1887 Bidlake settled in Birmingham where he set up in independent practice and, from 1893, pioneered the teaching of architecture at the Birmingham School of Art. Famously ambidextrous, his party trick was to sketch with both hands simultaneously.

Bidlake designed many Arts and Crafts-influenced houses in upmarket Birmingham districts such as Edgbaston, Moseley and Four Oaks (the latter then in Warwickshire and absorbed into Birmingham in 1974), along with a series of more Gothic-influenced churches such as St Agatha's, Sparkbrook – generally considered his masterpiece.

He was an associate, member, treasurer and, from 1902–1938, Professor of Architecture of the Royal Birmingham Society of Artists.[2]

In 1924, Bidlake married a woman over twenty years younger than himself and moved to Wadhurst in East Sussex, where he continued to practise until his death there[2] in 1938.

Major built works[edit]

The Hurst, in Amesbury Road, Moseley, Birmingham
St Mary, Wythall (redundant). Roof and tower by Bidlake.


  1. ^ "Bidlake, William Henry (BDLK878WH)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  2. ^ a b "William Henry Bidlake MA, FRIBA". Mapping the Practice and Profession of Sculpture in Britain and Ireland 1851-1951,. University of Glasgow. Retrieved 14 September 2013. 
  3. ^ The Buildings of England: Worcestershire, Nikolaus Pevsner, 1968 p268
  4. ^ Historic England. "The Dene, 2 Bracebridge Road (473074)". Images of England. 
  5. ^ Historic England. "17 Barker Road, Sutton Coldfield (216545)". Images of England. 
  6. ^ Historic England. "St Oswald's Church, Small Heath (217563)". Images of England. 
  7. ^ Historic England. "18 Dora Road, Small Heath (217024)". Images of England. 
  8. ^ Historic England. "College of Art, Balsall Heath (217426)". Images of England. 
  9. ^ Historic England. "St Patrick's Church, Salter Street (218197)". Images of England. 
  10. ^ Historic England. "Woodgate, 37 Hartopp Road (216570)". Images of England. 
  11. ^ Historic England. "Garth House, 47 Edgbaston Park Road (217028)". Images of England. 
  12. ^ Historic England. "St Agatha's Church, Sparkbrook (217658)". Images of England. 
  13. ^ Historic England. "100 Sampson Road, Sparkbrook (217588)". Images of England. 
  14. ^ Historic England. "St Winnow, 22 Ladywood Road, Sutton Coldfield (216595)". Images of England. 
  15. ^ Historic England. "The Knoll, Glebe Road, Oadby (187551)". Images of England. 
  16. ^ Historic England. "The Knoll Stables, Glebe Road, Oadby (187552)". Images of England. 
  17. ^ Historic England. "St Andrew's Church, Handsworth (217487)". Images of England. 
  18. ^ Historic England. "St Matthew's Church, Shuttington (435611)". Images of England. 
  19. ^ The Buildings of England: Worcestershire, Nikolaus Pevsner, 1968 p338
  20. ^ Historic England. "Emmanuel Church, Wylde Green (216550)". Images of England. 
  21. ^ Historic England. "Gates and four sets of gate piers to Handsworth Cemetery (217486)". Images of England. 
  22. ^ Historic England. "Lodge to Handsworth Cemetery (217485)". Images of England. 
  23. ^ Historic England. "St Clears, 79 Farquhar Road (217052)". Images of England.