|Born||May 6, 1872|
Grassland, Annapolis Junction, Maryland
|Died||August 28, 1940 (aged 68)|
|Awards||William Bowie Medal (1939)|
William Bowie, B.S., C.E., M.A. (May 6, 1872 – August 28, 1940) was an American geodetic engineer.
Background and education
Bowie was born at Grassland, an historic estate near Annapolis Junction, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, to Thomas John Bowie and Susanna Anderson. He was educated in public schools, at St. John's College in Annapolis, Maryland, Trinity College in Hartford, Connecticut (B.S. 1893; M.A. 1907; Sc.D. 1919), and Lehigh (C.E. 1895; Sc.D. 1922). He received honorary degrees (LL.D. 1936) from the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, at the meeting of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG) of which he was president from 1933 to 1936, and from George Washington University (Sc.D. 1937).
He represented the United States at various international geodetic conferences and congresses. His scientific researches had to do with the theory of isostasy and its applications to dynamic and structural geology. He retired from government service at the age of 64 in 1936.
Bowie's professional activity was directed toward three general objectives:
- "Promotion of mapping of the United States and its territories and improvement of cartographic methods and technique.
- Expansion of geodetic work and improvement of instruments and methods.
- Promotion of interest and progress in geophysical sciences, through the media of national and international bodies."
He was elected in 1907 a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, in 1925 a Fellow of the American Physical Society, and in 1927 a Member of the National Academy of Sciences.
He was the first President of the American Geophysical Union from 1920 to 1922 and served as president a second time from 1929 to 1932.
In 1932, Bowie received the Prix Charles Lagrange from the Académie royale des Sciences, des Lettres et des Beaux-Arts de Belgique. He later received the Franklin Institute's Elliott Cresson Medal in 1937.
An Episcopalian, Bowie married Elizabeth Taylor Wattles of Alexandria, Virginia, on June 28, 1899. Together, they had two children, William (Jr.) and Clagett. William died after a three-week illness and lies buried in Arlington National Cemetery.
Two undersea features, the Bowie Seamount and the Bowie Canyon, are named after William Bowie. The William Bowie Medal, the highest honor of the American Geophysical Union, is named in his honor. The U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey coastal survey ship USC&GS Bowie (CSS 27), in commission from 1946 to 1967, was named for him.
- Fleming, J . A. (1951), William Bowie, 1872—1940 A Biographical Memoir (PDF), Washington D.C.: National Academy of Sciences, pp. 61–63
- Soler, Tomás (2014). "William Bowie: Eminent Scientist and First Chairman (1926–1940) of ASCE's Surveying and Mapping Division" (PDF). Journal of Surveying Engineering. 140: 2–11. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)SU.1943-5428.0000117. (See p. 3.)
- "APS Fellow Archive". American Physical Society. (search on year=1925 and institution=All)
- "Notes" (PDF). Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society. 39 (3): 189–194. 1933. doi:10.1090/s0002-9904-1933-05579-9. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- "Undersea Features History". National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 11 February 2012. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- "William Bowie Medal - Honors Program". Retrieved 3 October 2016.
- NOAA History: Coast and Geodetic Survey Ships: Bowie
- Hayford, John Fillmore; Bowie, William (1912). Geodesy: The Effect of Topography and Isostatic Compensation Upon the Intensity of Gravity, Issue 10. U.S. Government Printing Office. OCLC 222118091.
- Bowie, William (1912). Geodesy: Effect of Topography and Isostatic Compensation Upon the Intensity of Gravity. (Second Paper). U.S. Government Printing Office. OCLC 16079396.
- —— (1912). Geodesy: The Texas-California Arc of Primary Triangulation. U.S. Government Printing Office. OCLC 15654307.
- —— (1913). Astronomy: Determination of Time, Longitude, Latitude, and Azimuth, Volume 4 (5 ed.). U.S. Government Printing Office. OCLC 11020911.
- —— (1914). Geodesy: Primary Triangulation on the One Hundred and Fourth Meridian, and on the Thirty-ninth Parallel in Colorado, Utah, Nevada, Volume 4. U.S. Government Printing Office. OCLC 8675932.
- —— (1914). Hypsometry: Precise Leveling from Brigham, Utah, to San Francisco, California, Volume 4. U.S. Government Printing Office. OCLC 1105366560.
- —— (1917). Geodesy: Investigations of Gravity and Isostasy, Issue 40. U.S. Government Printing Office. OCLC 10619997.
- —— (1920). "Present Status of Geodesy and Some of the Problems of this Branch of Geophysics". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 6 (10): 545–555.
- —— (1921). "Some Geologic Conclusions from Geodetic Data". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 7 (1): 23–28.
- —— (1922). "The Earth's Crust and Isostasy". Geographical Review. 12 (4): 613–627.
- —— (1923). Study of Time Errors in Precise Longitude Determinations by the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, Volume 4. U.S. Government Printing Office. OCLC 15394732.