William Boyd (actor)
Boyd in Chicago, circa 1950
|Born||William Lawrence Boyd|
June 5, 1895
Belmont County, Ohio, United States
|Died||September 12, 1972 (aged 77)|
Laguna Beach, California, United States
|Cause of death||Complications from Parkinson's disease and heart failure|
|Resting place||Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery|
|Other names||Bill Boyd, Hoppy, Hopalong Cassidy|
|Occupation||Actor, movie producer, director|
|Home town||Tulsa, Oklahoma|
|Weight||180 lb (82 kg)|
(m. 1917; div. 1921)
(m. 1921; div. 1924)
(m. 1926; div. 1929)
(m. 1930; div. 1936)
Grace Bradley (m. 1937–1972)
|Children||William Wallace Boyd (son)|
Boyd was born in Hendrysburg, Ohio, and reared in Cambridge, Ohio and Tulsa, Oklahoma. He was the son of a day laborer, Charles William Boyd, and his wife, the former Lida Wilkens (aka Lyda). Following his father's death, he moved to California and worked as an orange picker, surveyor, tool dresser and auto salesman.
In Hollywood, he found work as an extra in Why Change Your Wife? and other films. During World War I, he enlisted in the army but was exempt from military service because of a "weak heart". More prominent film roles followed, including his breakout role as Jack Moreland in Cecil B. DeMille's The Road to Yesterday (1925) which starred also Joseph Schildkraut, Jetta Goudal, and Vera Reynolds. Boyd's performance in the film was praised by critics, while movie-goers were equally impressed by his easy charm, charisma, and intense good-looks. Due to Boyd's growing popularity, DeMille soon cast him as the leading man in the highly acclaimed silent drama film, The Volga Boatman. Boyd's role as Feodor blew critics away, and with Boyd now firmly established as a matinee idol and romantic leading man, he began earning an annual salary of $100,000. He acted in DeMille's extravaganza The King of Kings (in which he played Simon of Cyrene, helping Jesus carry the cross) and DeMille's Skyscraper (1928). He then appeared in D.W. Griffith's Lady of the Pavements (1929).
Radio Pictures ended Boyd's contract in 1931 when his picture was mistakenly run in a newspaper story about the arrest of another actor, William "Stage" Boyd, on gambling and liquor charges. Although the newspaper apologized, explaining the mistake in the following day's newspaper, Boyd said, "The damage was already done." William "Stage" Boyd died in 1935, the same year William L. Boyd became Hopalong Cassidy, the role that led to his enduring fame. But at the time in 1931, Boyd was virtually broke and without a job, and for a few years he was credited in films as "Bill Boyd" to prevent being mistaken for the other William Boyd.
In 1935, Boyd was offered the supporting role of Red Connors in the movie Hop-Along Cassidy, but he asked to be considered for the title role and won it. The original character of Hopalong Cassidy, written by Clarence E. Mulford for pulp magazines, was changed from a hard-drinking, rough-living red-headed wrangler to a cowboy hero who did not smoke, swear, or drink alcohol (his drink of choice being sarsaparilla) and who always let the bad guy start the fight. Although Boyd "never branded a cow or mended a fence, cannot bulldog a steer" and disliked Western music, he became indelibly associated with the Hopalong character and, like the cowboy stars Roy Rogers and Gene Autry, gained lasting fame in the Western film genre.
Boyd estimated in 1940 that he had starred in 28 outdoor films in which he fired 30,000 shots and killed at least 100 "varmits". He wore out 12 costumes and 60 ten-gallon hats, rode his horse Topper more than 2000 miles and rode herd on 5000 head of cattle. A score or more of heroines had been saved, but were never kissed.
The films were more polished and impressive than the usual low-budget "program westerns". The Hopalong Cassidy adventures usually boasted superior outdoor photography of scenic locations and name supporting players familiar from major Hollywood films. Big-city theaters, which usually wouldn't play Westerns, noticed the high quality of the productions and gave the series more exposure than other cowboy films could hope for. Paramount Pictures released the films through 1941. United Artists produced them from 1943.
The producer Harry "Pop" Sherman wanted to make more ambitious epics and abandoned the Hopalong Cassidy franchise. Boyd, determined to keep it alive, produced the last 12 Cassidy features himself on noticeably lower budgets. By this time, interest in the character had waned, and with far fewer theaters still showing the films, the series ended in 1948.
Boyd insisted on buying the rights to all of the Hopalong Cassidy films. Harry Sherman no longer cared about the property—he thought both the films and the star were played out—and regarded Boyd's all-consuming interest with skepticism. Boyd was so single-minded about his mission that he sold or mortgaged almost everything he owned to meet Sherman's price of $350,000 for the rights and the film backlog.
In 1948 Boyd, now regarded as a washed-up cowboy star and with his fortunes at their lowest ebb, brought a print of one of his older pictures to the local NBC television station and offered it at a nominal rental, hoping for new exposure. The film was received so well that NBC asked for more, and within months Boyd released the entire library to the national network. They became extremely popular and began the long-running genre of Westerns on television. Boyd's desperate gamble paid off, making him the first national TV star and restoring his personal fortune. Like Rogers and Autry, Boyd licensed much merchandise, including such products as Hopalong Cassidy watches, trash cans, cups, dishes, Topps trading cards, a comic strip, comic books, cowboy outfits, home-movie digests of his Paramount releases via Castle Films, and a new Hopalong Cassidy radio show, which ran from 1948 to 1952.
The actor identified with his character, often dressing as a cowboy in public. Although Boyd's portrayal of Hopalong made him very wealthy, he believed that it was his duty to help strengthen his "friends"—America's youth. The actor refused to license his name for products he viewed as unsuitable or dangerous and turned down personal appearances at which his "friends" would be charged admission.
Boyd appeared as Hopalong Cassidy on the cover of numerous national magazines, including Look (August 29, 1950)  and Time (November 27, 1950). For Thanksgiving in 1950, he led the Carolinas' Carrousel Parade in Charlotte, North Carolina, and drew an estimated crowd of 500,000 persons, the largest in the parade's history.[better source needed]
Boyd would eventually start a production company of his own, U.S. Television Office, to handle the legacy of Hopalong Cassidy. This company continues to hold full rights to the Cassidy name, trademark, films, and television material.
Boyd had a cameo role as himself in Cecil B. DeMille's 1952 circus epic, The Greatest Show on Earth. DeMille reportedly asked Boyd to take the role of Moses in his remake of The Ten Commandments, but Boyd felt his identification with the Cassidy character would make it impossible for audiences to accept him as Moses.
Boyd was married five times, first to wealthy heiress Laura Maynard, then to the actresses Ruth Miller, Elinor Fair, Dorothy Sebastian and Grace Bradley. His only son, William Wallace Boyd, whose mother was Boyd's second wife, Ruth Miller, died of pneumonia at age 9 months. After his retirement from the screen, Boyd invested both time and money in real estate and moved to Palm Desert, California. He refused interviews and photographs in later years, preferring not to disillusion his millions of fans who remembered him as a screen idol.
For his contributions to the film industry, Boyd has a motion pictures star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 1734 Vine Street. In 1995, he was inducted into the Western Performers Hall of Fame at the National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.
The inner sleeve of the original American Pie album by Don McLean featured a free verse poem written by McLean about Boyd, with a picture of Boyd in full Hopalong regalia. This sleeve was removed within a year of the album's release. The words to this poem appear on a plaque at the hospital where Boyd died.
- Hopalong Cassidy, TV series (1952–1954) – Hopalong Cassidy
- "Little Smokey: The True Story of America's Forest Fire Preventin' Bear", short film (1953) – Hopalong Cassidy (narrator)
- The Greatest Show on Earth (1952) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Strange Gamble (1948) – Hopalong Cassidy
- False Paradise (1948) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Borrowed Trouble (1948) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Sinister Journey (1948) – Hopalong Cassidy
- The Dead Don't Dream (1948) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Silent Conflict (1948) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Hoppy's Holiday (1947) – Hopalong Cassidy
- The Marauders (1947) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Dangerous Venture (1947) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Unexpected Guest (1947) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Fool's Gold (1946) – Hopalong Cassidy
- The Devil's Playground (1946) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Forty Thieves (1944) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Mystery Man (1944) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Lumberjack (1944) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Texas Masquerade (1944) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Riders of the Deadline (1943) – Hopalong Cassidy
- False Colors (1943) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Bar 20 (1943) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Colt Comrades (1943) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Leather Burners (1943) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Border Patrol (1943) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Hoppy Serves a Writ (1943) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Lost Canyon (1942) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Undercover Man (1942) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Secrets of the Wasteland (1941) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Outlaws of the Desert (1941) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Twilight on the Trail (1941) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Riders of the Timberline (1941) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Stick to Your Guns (1941) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Wide Open Town (1941) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Pirates on Horseback (1941) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Border Vigilantes (1941) – Hopalong Cassidy
- In Old Colorado (1941) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Doomed Caravan (1941) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Three Men from Texas (1940) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Stagecoach War (1940) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Hidden Gold (1940) – Hopalong Cassidy
- The Showdown (1940) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Santa Fe Marshal (1940) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Law of the Pampas (1939) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Range War (1939) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Renegade Trail (1939) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Silver on the Sage (1939) – Hopalong Cassidy
- The Frontiersmen (1938) – Hopalong Cassidy
- In Old Mexico (1938) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Sunset Trail (1938) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Pride of the West (1938) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Bar 20 Justice (1938) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Heart of Arizona (1938) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Cassidy of Bar 20 (1938) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Partners of the Plains (1938) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Texas Trail (1937) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Hopalong Rides Again (1937) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Rustlers' Valley (1937) – Hopalong Cassidy
- North of the Rio Grande (1937) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Hills of Old Wyoming (1937) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Borderland (1937) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Trail Dust (1936) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Hopalong Cassidy Returns (1936) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Go–Get–'Em–Haines (1936) – Steve Haines
- Burning Gold (1936) – Jim Thornton
- Federal Agent (1936) – Bob Woods
- Three on the Trail (1936) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Call of the Prairie (1936) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Heart of the West (1936) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Bar 20 Rides Again (1935) – Hopalong Cassidy
- Racing Luck (1935) – Dan Morgan
- The Eagle's Brood (1935) – Bill Hopalong Cassidy
- Hop–Along Cassidy (1935) – Bill Hopalong Cassidy
- Port of Lost Dreams (1934) – Lars Christensen
- Cheaters (1934) – Steve Morris
- Emergency Call (1933) – Joe Bradley
- Lucky Devils (1933) – Skipper Clark
- Men of America (1932) – Jim Parker
- Flaming Gold (1932) – Dan Manton
- Carnival Boat (1932) – Buck Gannon
- Suicide Fleet (1932) – Baltimore Clark
- The Big Gamble (1931) – Alan Beckwith
- Beyond Victory (1931) – Sergeant Bill Thatcher
- The Painted Desert (1931) – Bill Holbrook
- Officer O'Brien (1930) – Bill O'Brien
- His First Command (1929) – Terry Culver
- High Voltage (1929) – Bill
- The Flying Fool (1929) – Bill Taylor
- The Leatherneck (1929) – William Calhoun
- Lady of the Pavements (1929) – Count Karl Von Arnim
- Power (1928) – Husky
- The Cop (1928) – Pete Smith
- Skyscraper (1928) – Blondy
- The Night Flyer (1928) – Jim Bradley
- Dress Parade (1927) – Vic Donovan
- Two Arabian Knights (1927) – W. Daingerfield Phelps III
- The King of Kings (1927) – Simon of Cyrene
- The Yankee Clipper (1927) – Captain Hal Winslow
- Wolves of the Air (1927) – Jerry Tanner
- Jim, the Conqueror (1926) – Jim Burgess
- Her Man o' War (1926) – Jim Sanderson
- The Last Frontier (1926) – Tom Kirby
- Eve's Leaves (1926) – Bill Stanley
- The Volga Boatman (1926) – Feodor
- Steel Preferred (1925) – Wally Gay
- The Road to Yesterday (1925) – Jack Moreland
- The Midshipman (1925) – Spud
- Forty Winks (1925) – Lt. Gerald Hugh Butterworth
- Feet of Clay (1924) – uncredited role
- Tarnish (1924) – Bill
- Changing Husbands (1924) – Conrad Bradshaw
- Triumph (1924) – uncredited role
- Enemies of Children (1923) – uncredited role
- The Temple of Venus (1923) – Stanley Dale
- Adam's Rib (1923) – uncredited role as a party guest
- Michael O'Halloran (1923) – Douglas Bruce
- The Young Rajah (1922) – Stephen Van Kovert
- Manslaughter (1922) – uncredited role
- On the High Seas (1922) – Dick Deveraux
- Nice People (1922) – Oliver Comstock
- Bobbed Hair (1922) – Dick Barton
- Moran of the Lady Letty (1922) – uncredited role
- Saturday Night (1922) – uncredited role
- Fool's Paradise (1921) – uncredited role
- Exit the Vamp (1921) – Robert Pitts
- After the Show (1921) – uncredited role
- The Affairs of Anatol (1921) – uncredited role
- Moonlight and Honeysuckle (1921) – Robert V. Courtney
- A Wise Fool (1921) – Gerard Fynes
- Brewster's Millions (1921) – Harrison
- Forbidden Fruit (1921) – uncredited role as billiards player
- Paying the Piper (1921) – uncredited role
- The Junklings (1921) – Dan Stuart
- The Life of the Party (1920) – uncredited role as one of Leary's office staff
- A City Sparrow (1920) – Hughie Ray
- Something to Think About (1920) – uncredited
- The City of Masks (1920) – Carpenter
- Why Change Your Wife? (1920) – uncredited role as naval officer at hotel
- The Six Best Sellers (1920) – Holsappel, uncredited role
- Was He Guilty? (1919) – uncredited role
- Old Wives for New (1918) – uncredited role as an extra
- Hall, Joan H. (1996). Through the Doors of the Mission Inn. Riverside, California: Highgrove Press. pp. 113–116. ISBN 0-9631618-2-2.
He found a part-time job at the Mission Inn and enjoyed showing the guests some of the scenic sights in Riverside.
- "Kiddies in the Old Corral". Time. November 27, 1950.
- Obituary. Variety, September 20, 1972.
- "Cassidy statistics in Evening Post 14 March 1940 page 20". National Library of New Zealand. 18 August 2017.
- "Tele Topics" (PDF). Radio Daily. June 13, 1950. p. 7. Retrieved 8 February 2015.
- Dunning, John. (1998). On the Air: The Encyclopedia of Old-Time Radio. Oxford University Press. pp. 328–330. ISBN 978-0-19-507678-3.
- Reed, Robert (2008)."Bubble Gum Cards Brought Big Fun in Their Day". Antique Trader, July 16, 2008.
- Carolinas' Carrousel Parade History. Accessed 2014-03-29.
- Motion Picture and Television Magazine, November 1952, page 34, Ideal Publishers
- "Hollywood Walk of Fame - William Boyd". walkoffame.com. Hollywood Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved November 29, 2017.
- Wilson, Scott. Resting Places: The Burial Sites of More Than 14,000 Famous Persons, 3d ed.: 2. McFarland & Company (2016) ISBN 0786479922
- Boyd, Grace Bradley; Cochran, Michael (2008) Hopalong Cassidy: An American Legend. York, Pennsylvania: Gemstone. ISBN 978-1-60360-066-8.
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