William Buckland (architect)
Charles Willson Peale portrait of William Buckland
August 14, 1734|
|Died||1774 (about 40 years old)|
|Notable work||Gunston Hall
Born at Oxford, England, Buckland spent seven years as an apprentice to his uncle, James Buckland, "Citizen and Joiner" of London. At 21, he was brought to Virginia as an indentured servant to Thomas Mason, brother of George Mason. Most notable among his repertoire are: Gunston Hall (c. 1755-1759) and Hammond-Harwood House (c. 1774).
Buckland married Mary Moore, the daughter of plantation owner William Moore, around 1758 or 1759. The two had four children, two boys and two girls.
He is known to have worked on the architecture or interiors of:
- Gunston Hall, Fairfax County, Virginia. Patron: George Mason (interiors, c. 1755-59); 10709 Gunston Rd. Mason Neck, VA Buckland,William, NRHP-listed
- Courthouse, Prince William County, Virginia (no longer extant, 1759–61)
- Mount Airy, Richmond County, Virginia. Patron: Colonel John Tayloe (interiors, no longer extant, 1761–64) 
- Hynson-Ringgold House, Chestertown, Maryland (interiors, 1771)
- Chase-Lloyd House, Annapolis, Maryland. Patron: Edward Lloyd IV (interiors, 1771-1773); 22 Maryland Ave. Annapolis, MD Buckland,William, NRHP-listed
Other works sometimes attributed to Buckland include:
- Brice House, Annapolis, Maryland (interiors), NRHP-listed
- Menokin, Warsaw, Virginia 
- Whitehall, Anne Arundel County, Maryland salon interior 
- William Paca House, Annapolis, Maryland (interiors)
- Hammond-Harwood House, Maryland Ave. and King George St. Annapolis, MD Buckland,William, NRHP-listed
- Rockledge, Telegraph Rd. Occoquan, VA Buckland,William, NRHP-listed
- Kimball, Fiske. "Gunston Hall." Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians: 1954.
- Brand, Barbara Allston. "Buckland, William (1734–by December 15, 1774)". Encyclopedia Virginia. Retrieved 2016-05-04.
- Kornwolf, James D. Architecture and Town Planning in Colonial North America. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002, vol. 3, p. 1562.
- "Gunston Hall Plantation". William Buckland: Master Builder. Gunston Hall Plantation. 2008-06-11.
- "Maryland Historical Trust". National Register of Historic Places: Properties in Anne Arundel County. Maryland Historical Trust. 2008-06-11.
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