William Burn FRSE (20 December 1789 – 15 February 1870) was a Scottish architect, and pioneer of the Scottish Baronial style. A talented architect, he received major commissions from the age of 20 until his death at 80.
After training with the architect Sir Robert Smirke, designer of the British Museum, he returned to Edinburgh in 1812. Here he established a practice from the family builders' yard. In 1841, he took on a pupil, David Bryce, with whom he later went into partnership. From 1844 he worked in London, where he took on his nephew John Macvicar Anderson as a partner.
Burn was a master of many styles, but all are typified by well-proportioned simplicity externally and frequent stunning interiors.
- John Honeyman
- David Bryce
- John Lessels
- George Meikle Kemp
- Thomas Brown
- James Campbell Walker
- William Eden Nesfield
- David MacGibbon
David Bryce went on to perfect the Scottish Baronial style of architecture.
Burn was a prolific architect and happy to turn his hand to a variety of styles. He designed churches, castles, public buildings, country houses (as many as 600), monuments and other structures, mainly in Scotland but also in England and Ireland. His works include among others:
- Ardanaiseig House, near Kilchrenan, Argyll
- Balintore Castle, Angus
- The Binns, remodelled for the Dalyell family (1811)
- Blairquhan Castle, South Ayrshire (1821)
- Blantyre Monument, Erskine (1825)
- Camperdown House, Dundee (1820)
- Carstairs House, South Lanarkshire (1820-1823)
- Corstorphine Old Parish Church (1828) - considered too radical and returned to its mediaeval orientation in 1905.
- Dundas Castle, near Edinburgh
- Dunira, Perthshire (1852)
- Dupplin Castle (1828)
- The Edinburgh Academy (1824)
- George Watson's College (1816)
- Gallanach House, near Oban, Argyll (1814)
- Garscube House, Dunbartonshire (1827)
- Inverness Castle, Inverness (1836)
- John Watson's Hospital now the Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh (1828)
- Keir Parish Church, Keirmill Village, Dumfriesshire (1813)
- Lauriston Castle, Edinburgh, Scotland, (west range only) 1827
- North Leith Parish Church, Madeira Street, Leith (1814)
- Church of St John the Evangelist, Edinburgh (1818)
- The Melville Monument in the centre of St Andrew Square, Edinburgh (1820-3) (topped by a statue by Robert Forrest)
- New Abbey Church, Dunfermline, Fife (1821)
- Madras College, St Andrews (1832)
- Montagu House, Whitehall, London
- Adderstone Hall, near Lucker, Northumberland
- Cliveden, Buckinghamshire
- Harlaxton Manor, Grantham, Lincolnshire
- Lynford Hall, Norfolk
- Prestwold Hall, Loughborough, Leicestershire
- Revesby Abbey, Lincolnshire
- Rauceby Hall, South Rauceby, Lincolnshire (1846)
- Bangor Castle, County Down, Northern Ireland
- Castlewellan Castle, County Down, Northern Ireland
- Dartrey Castle, near Rockcorry in County Monaghan (1840s)
- Helen's Tower, Clandeboye Estate near Bangor (1850)
- Muckross House, Killarney, County Kerry
- Edinburgh and Leith Post Office Directory 1789-1790
- "Edinburgh Post Office annual directory, 1832-1833". National Library of Scotland. Retrieved 2018-01-20.
- Dictionary of Scottish Architects: Burn
- Monuments and Statues of Edinburgh, Michael T.R.B. Turnbull
- Victorian Cliveden: history of house and gardens National Trust. Retrieved 2012-12-20.
- Walker, David (1984): William Burn and the influence of Sir Robert Smirke and William Wilkins on Scottish Greek Revival Design, 1810-40 in Scottish Pioneers of the Greek Revival, The Scottish Georgian Society, Edinburgh, pp 3–35