William Byrd I
|William Evelyn Byrd I|
|Born||William Evelyn Bird"
Shadwell, London, England
|Died||4 December 1704
Westover, Charles City County, Virginia, British America
|Children||William Byrd II, Susan, Ursula, Mary and Maurice|
|Parent(s)||John Bird, Grace Stegge|
On the invitation of his maternal uncle, Thomas Stegge, Jr., in March 1669, William Evelyn Bird immigrated to Virginia. After arrival, he changed his surname spelling to Byrd. On October 27, 1673, he was granted 1,200 acres (5 km2) on the James River. Byrd became a well-connected fur trader in the Richmond, Virginia area. Byrd's land became (after his death) the site of modern day Richmond, Virginia. About 1673, he married a 21-year old widow named Maria Horsmanden, a native of Lenham, England. Maria's father had spent time in Virginia as a Cavalier fleeing Cromwell, and her former husband Samuel Filmer (third son of Tory author Robert Filmer) descended from the sister of Samuel Argall, governor of Virginia. William Byrd I and his wife would become the parents of two sons, including William Byrd II, and three daughters.
Their daughter, Ursula married Robert Beverley, Jr., Major Robert Beverley's son. They had five children including William Beverley (1696–1756). Colonel William Beverley married Richard Bland's daughter, Elizabeth Bland. They had four children. Their son, Robert married Maria Carter on February 3, 1763. Her parents were Landon Carter and Maria Byrd.
In 1676, Byrd was a sympathizer of Nathaniel Bacon in Bacon's Rebellion, and took an active part in the rebellion, first by helping persuade Bacon to take unlawful command of a militia and lead it against the Indians. He also rode with Bacon after the rebellion began and was involved in the sack of Warner Hall, confiscating goods amounting to £845, or the equivalent of what 40 slaves or servants would produce in a year. (Rice, 2012, p. 98.) He later allied himself with the Governor and became a prominent citizen.
Also in 1676, Byrd established the James River Fort on the south bank of the James River in what is now known as the Manchester District of Richmond. He was active in Virginia politics, serving many years on the Virginia Governor's Council.
In 1688, Theodorick Bland Jr. and his brother Richard conveyed 1,200 acres of their Westover Plantation property to William Byrd I in 1688 for 300L and 10,000 pounds of tobacco and cask. Byrd's grandson built a Georgian mansion there in the 1750s.
- https://books.google.com/books?id=f8kWVOafFtQC&lpg=PA199&ots=LZ-CshVuvJ&dq=Samuel%20Filmer%20mary&pg=PA199#v=onepage&q=Samuel%20Filmer%20mary&f=false "These Filmers descended from a sister of Sir Sameul Argall, governor of Virginia
- http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=41325903 "Maria's father was a Cavalier who fled to Virginia with his wife and children when Cromwell was in power."
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Cite error: The named reference
- "Westover". Virginia's James River Plantations. jamesriverplantations.org. 1996. Retrieved December 9, 2010.
Rice, James D. (2012). Tales from a Revolution. New York: Oxford University Press.