William C. deMille

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William C. de Mille
Young William C. de Mille.jpg
De Mille circa 1904
Born William Churchill de Mille
(1878-07-25)July 25, 1878
Washington, North Carolina, U.S.
Died March 5, 1955(1955-03-05) (aged 76)
Playa del Rey, California, U.S.
Occupation Screenwriter, film director
Spouse(s) Anna Angela George (m. 1903; divorce 1927)
Clara Beranger (m. 1928; his death 1955)

William Churchill de Mille (July 25, 1878 – March 5, 1955) was an American screenwriter and film director from the silent movie era through the early 1930s.[1] He was also a noted playwright prior to moving into film. Once he was established in film he specialized in adapting Broadway plays into silent films.[2]

Biography[edit]

De Mille was born in Washington, North Carolina, to Henry Churchill de Mille (1853–1893), an actor and playwright from North Carolina, and Matilda Beatrice Samuel (1853–1923) who was also a play and screenwriter. Her father was a Christian whilst his mother was born to a Sephardic Jewish family in Liverpool but converted to her husband's faith.[citation needed]

William was the elder brother of Cecil B. DeMille, who altered the capitalization of his last name when he went to Hollywood, claiming that it fit better on marquees. (William continued to be known as "de Mille",[3] and his daughter Agnes also chose "de Mille".) William received a bachelor's degree from Columbia University followed by graduate studies at the Academy of Dramatic Arts, at schools in Germany, and a second stint at Columbia studying under Brander Matthews.

De Mille directing a scene using a "Magna Vox" voice amplification device

In 1903 he married Anna Angela George, the daughter of notable economist Henry George. Anna bore William two children, Agnes de Mille – named after a younger sister who died in childhood – who became a noted choreographer and Peggy George, who became an actress.

Professionally, their life was stable. In 1905 he became successful Broadway playwright,[4][5] following its development in 1904.[6]

William had nine plays he wrote or co-wrote – one of them with Cecil – produced on Broadway between 1905 and 1913, and another two productions mounted in 1929 and 1936,[7] the latter of which he produced and directed as well.[8]

His first play, Strongheart was eventually released as a movie by his brother as Braveheart (1925 film). Two of William's works, The Warrens of Virginia (1907)[9] and The Woman (1911)[10] were produced by the flamboyant impresario David Belasco. The former featured future film star Mary Pickford and Cecil, both struggling actors playing minor roles.[9]

He wrote a number of vaudeville sketches including In 1999, Food, Poor Old Jim, The Squealer, The Martyrs, and The Deceivers.[11]

Cecil eventually moved to Hollywood, and William followed. His directorial debut was The Only Son (1914).

Personal life[edit]

William C. deMille and Anna Angela George divorced in 1927.[12] One of the writers of Miss Lulu Bett was Clara Beranger, whom deMille married in 1929.[1]

At about this time, he met Lorna Moon, an established New York author from Scotland, who also wrote sophisticated Hollywood comedies.[citation needed]

In 1998, Richard de Mille, who had grown up in Cecil's household, revealed in the memoir My Secret Mother, Lorna Moon that William C. deMille was his father and screenwriter Moon his biological mother. Richard had been adopted by Cecil B. and Constance DeMille to avoid a family scandal.[citation needed]

In addition to his filmmaking fame, William deMille was an early member of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. (His brother was a founding member.)[citation needed]

With Douglas Fairbanks, he co-hosted the 1st Academy Awards in 1929, and he solely hosted the 2nd Academy Awards the following year. He served as President of the Academy briefly. DeMille helped found the USC Film School in 1929, and after his East Coast theatrical career failed to revive in the early 1930s, he was active on the faculty there until his death.[citation needed]

Death[edit]

DeMille died on March 5, 1955 in Playa del Rey, California.[1] He was interred in the Hollywood Forever Cemetery.

Partial filmography[edit]

Tombs of Cecil Blount DeMille (right), Constance DeMille (left), William DeMille (urn in front), Clara DeMille (stone below urn in front)

Books[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "W.C. De Mille, 76, Playwright, Dies. Author Of 'The Warrens Of Virginia' Was Brother Of Noted Film Producer". New York Times. March 6, 1955. 
  2. ^ William C. deMille bio by Hal Erickson at allrovi.com
  3. ^ William C. deMille on IMDb
  4. ^ Thomas S. Hischak (6 May 2004). The Oxford Companion to American Theatre. Oxford University Press. p. 171. ISBN 978-0-19-516986-7. 
  5. ^ Michael Schwartz (2007). A Matter for Experts: Broadway 1900--1920 and the Rise of the Professional Managerial Class. ProQuest. pp. 107–114. ISBN 978-0-549-45115-0. 
  6. ^ "The new play…". Chicago Daily Tribune. Chicago, IL. October 2, 1904. p. 1. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  7. ^ William C. deMille at the Internet Broadway Database
  8. ^ "Hallowe'en (1936)", Internet Broadway Database; accessed December 28, 2017.
  9. ^ a b "The Warrens of Virginia (1907)" on the Internet Broadway Database; accessed December 29, 2017.
  10. ^ "The Woman (1911)", IBDB.com; accessed December 29, 2017.
  11. ^ Powell, William S. (ed.) Dictionary of North Carolina Biography: Vol. 2, D-G, pg. 52 (1986); accessed December 29, 2017.
  12. ^ "Wife Divorces William C. DeMille". New York Times. August 6, 1927. 
  13. ^ deMille, William C. (2007). "24: The Excitements of Celluloid: The Camel's Nose". In Peter Wild. The Grumbling Gods: a Palm Springs Reader. Salt Lake City, UT: University of Utah Press. ISBN 978-0-87480-899-5.  OCLC 122974473, 608203796, 608020250 (print and on-line), quoting deMille in Hollywood Saga. New York, NY: E. P. Dutton. 1939. p. 319. OCLC 1353346.  (Rouben Mamoulian Collection (Library of Congress) First edition OCLC 655475937) (Also catalogued at OCLC 494267566, 475574309; and OCLC 591194207 (eBook)); and see The Heir to the Hoorah at the American Film Institute Catalog

External links[edit]

Non-profit organization positions
Preceded by
Douglas Fairbanks
President of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
1929-1931
Succeeded by
M. C. Levee