|Died||7 September 1685|
|Known for||First surnamed Carpenter to make permanent residence in America|
William Carpenter (c. 1610 – 7 September 1685) was a co-founder of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, born about 1610, probably in Amesbury, Wiltshire, England. He died September 7, 1685, in the Pawtuxet section of Providence, now in Cranston, Rhode Island. He was listed by 1655 as a "freeman" of the colony.
Life and career
William Carpenter was the son of Richard Carpenter, who was born in England, probably in or near the Wiltshire town and parish of Amesbury or the adjacent parish of Newton Ton(e)y. His mother may have been Alice Knight, but this is not confirmed.
William married Elizabeth Arnold (Nov 23, 1611 - after Sep 7, 1685), who was born in Ilchester, Somerset, England, the daughter of William Arnold (June 24, 1587 - 1675/76) and sister of Benedict Arnold, the first governor of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. William and Elizabeth had eight children together: Joseph, Lydia, Ephraim, Priscilla, Timothy, Silas, Benjamin, and William. The couple were probably buried on their homestead in present-day Cranston, Rhode Island.
William Carpenter is the first person bearing the surname "Carpenter" to make permanent settlement in America. He settled in Providence Plantation and was instrumental in its development as a Colony, holding many public offices.
William Carpenter was not one of the first six settlers of Providence Plantation with Roger Williams in 1636, but he arrived early the next spring with seven others. His name is listed in the first deed executed in the settlement by Roger Williams. In 1640, his name appears with the names of 38 others on an agreement to form a government in Providence.
Carpenter built a block house on his property soon after settling there for defense against Indian attacks, the first in the colony. Many of the surviving Providence Plantation settlers gathered there for protection from an Indian attack during King Philip's War, and their brave stand compelled the Indians to retreat. Carpenter's son William Jr. was killed in the attack, along with many other settlers. During King Philip's War, the counsel of the most judicious inhabitants of the colony was sought by the General Assembly, and Carpenter was one of 16 individuals named in this request.
William Carpenter was one of four appointed by Boston authorities "to keepe the peace in [Pawtuxet]," 1642[–1658?].
- Commissioner (deputy?) for Providence to Rhode Island General Court Assembly
- 1657-1665, 1675, 1676, 1679.
- Appointed juror, General Court of Trials
- 1657/8 (but did not serve), 1661[/2], 1663, 1664; juror for Grand Inquest, 1658/9, 1663, 1665; then warden (magistrate) for General Court of Trials, 1660/1.
- Providence town meeting moderator
- June 1662, June 1665, September 1665, April 1666, September 1666, October 1670, December 1670, February 1670/1, April–September 1671.
- General assistant for Providence to Rhode Island General Assembly
- Providence justice of the peace
- 1665/6, 1667, 1668 and officiated marriages from his office as an assistant for the Providence to the Rhode Island General Assembly from 1669-1671/72.
- Providence town councilman
- January 1670/1, June 1673.
- John O. Austin, Genealogical Dictionary of Rhode Island, 1887, p 242
- 36; John Osborne Austin, The Genealogical Dictionary of Rhode Island, rev. ed. (Baltimore, 1969)
- 5:323–25, 6:141, 150, 17:62–63; The Early Records of the Town of Providence, 21 vols. (Providence, 1892–1915); digital images online at http:// books.google.com and www.ancestry.com
- SEE: "GENEALOGICAL & FAMILY HISTORY OF WESTERN NEW YORK", LEWIS 1912, PAGE 274.
- See: Pawtuxet at: http://www.pawtuxetcove.com/
- 3:90–91, 4:73, 14:274; The Early Records of the Town of Providence, 21 vols. (Providence, 1892–1915); digital images online at http:// books.google.com and www.ancestry.com
- See also: William Carpenter in New England appears in Providence records under the heading "Agreements & orders the second year of ye Plantation" (Robert Charles Anderson, George F. Sanborn Jr., and Melinde Lutz Sanborn, THE GREAT MIGRATION: IMMIGRANTS TO NEW ENGLAND 1634-1635, Vol. 1 (A-B) [Boston, 2000], p. 84, citing Hingham Book of Possessions, p. 30; THE EARLY RECORDS OF THE TOWN OF PROVIDENCE, Vol. 1 [Providence, 1892], p. 3).
- SEE: "Genealogical History of the Carpenter Family" aka "The Carpenter Memorial", by A.B. Carpenter 1898, page 34 (No. 9-4).
- Amos B. Carpenter (1898). Genealogical History of the Rehoboth Branch of the Carpenter Family. Carpenter & Morehouse. p. 34+.(No. 9-4)
- Records of the Governor and Company of the Massachusetts Bay in New England, 1628–1886, ed. Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, 5 vols. in 6, 4:1: 332, 333; (Boston, 1853–1854)
- Nathaniel Bradstreet Shurtleff, ed. (1853). Records of the Governor and Company of the Massachusetts Bay in New England: 1642-1649. Vol. 2. Massachusetts: W. White, printer to the commonwealth. pp. 26–27.
- Nathaniel Bradstreet Shurtleff, ed. (1854). Records of the Governor and Company of the Massachusetts Bay in New England: 1642-1649. Vol. 5. Massachusetts: W. White, printer to the commonwealth.
- passim, 4:52, 6:103–4, 7:227, 8:11, 47, 15:84–149; The Early Records of the Town of Providence, 21 vols. (Providence, 1892–1915)
- Horatio Rogers, George Moulton Carpenter, ed. (1892). The Early Records of the Town of Providence. Vol. 1. Providence (R.I.). City Council: Snow & Farnham. p. 28.
- Horatio Rogers, George Moulton Carpenter, ed. (1893). The Early Records of the Town of Providence. Vol. 2. Providence (R.I.). City Council: Snow & Farnham. pp. 110, 114, 118–19, 128, 131.
- Horatio Rogers, George Moulton Carpenter, ed. (1893). The Early Records of the Town of Providence. Vol. 3. Providence (R.I.). City Council: Snow & Farnham. pp. 2–247.
- 1:366, 419, 428, 468, 480, 492, 501, 504, 508, 2:38–449, passim, 3:28–29; Records of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations in New England, 10 vols., ed. John Russell Bartlett (Providence, 1856–1865); digital images of vols. 1 and 3 online at www.familysearch.com
- 1 1:39, 50–51, 70, 2:42–75, passim; Rhode Island Court Records: Records of the Court of Tri-als of the Colony of Providence Plantations, 1647–1670, 2 vols. (Providence, 1920–1922); digital images online at www.ancestry.com
- 1, 6, 7, 8; Rhode Island General Court of Trials, 1671–1704, transcr. Jane Fletcher Fisk (Boxford, Mass., 1998)
- 159; More Early Records of the Town of Warwick, Rhode Is-land, ed. Cherry Fletcher Bamburg and Jane Fletcher Fiske (Boston, 2001)
- For other assignments, activities, etc., see: 2:123–24, 3:19, 28, 31, 42–43, 58; The Early Records of the Town of Providence, 21 vols. (Providence, 1892–1915); digital images online at http:// books.google.com and www.ancestry.com. and RICR 1:430, 444, 482, 507, 2:151–537, passim; Records of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations in New England, 10 vols., ed. John Russell Bartlett (Providence, 1856–1865); digital images of vols. 1 and 3 online at www.familysearch.com and 46; Rhode Island General Court of Trials, 1671–1704, transcr. Jane Fletcher Fisk (Boxford, Mass., 1998)
- Virginia DeJohn Anderson (1992) . New England's Generation: The Great Migration and the Formation of Society and Culture in the Seventeenth Century. Reprint. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-44764-5.
- Francis J. Bremer (1995). The Puritan Experiment: New England Society from Bradford to Edwards. Lebanon, N.H.: UPNE. ISBN 978-0-87451-728-6.
- Carl Bridenbaugh (1974). Fat Mutton and Liberty of Conscience: Society in Rhode Island, 1636–1690. Providence: Brown University Press. ISBN 978-0-87057-143-5.
- The Bridenbaugh volume is a good general introduction to Rhode Island history but nevertheless misinterprets Weeden (Early RI 87) in saying that, to build William Harris's Pawtuxet house, William Carpenter was brought from Amesbury in Massachusetts Bay Colony (see Bridenbaugh 38, 141).
- Samuel Hugh Brockunier (1940). The Irrepressible Democrat Roger Williams. New York: The Ronald Press Company. ISBN 978-0-471-07041-2.
- Bruce C. Daniels (1983). Dissent and Conformity on Narragansett Bay: The Colonial Rhode Island Town. Middletown, Conn.: Books on Demand. ISBN 978-0-608-03570-3.
- Stephen Foster (1996). The Long Argument: English Puritanism and the Shaping of New England Culture. Chapel Hill, N.C.: UNC Press. ISBN 978-0-8078-4583-7.
- Harris Papers, Collections of the Rhode Island Historical Society, vol. 10 (Providence, 1902);
- Anne Keary, "Retelling the History of the Settlement of Providence: Speech, Writing, and Cultural Interaction on Narragansett Bay," The New England Quarterly 69(1996):250–86;
- Glenn W. LaFantasie, ed., The Correspondence of Roger Williams, 2 vols. (Providence, 1988);
- Patricia E. Rubertone (2001). Grave Undertakings, An Archeology of Roger Williams and the Narragansett Indians. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press. ISBN 978-1-56098-975-2.
- William R. Staples (1843). Annals of the Town of Providence. Providence: Knowles and Vose.
Annals of the Town of Providence.
- Hugh Trevor-Roper (2000) . Archbishop Laud: 1573–1645. Reprint. London: Orion Publishing Group, Limited. ISBN 978-1-84212-202-0.
- Wrightson, Keith; Levine, David (1995). Poverty and Piety in an English Village: Terling, 1525–1700. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-820321-6.