William Cecil Dampier

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This page is about the scientist. For the explorer, see William Dampier.

Sir William Cecil Dampier FRS[1] (born William Cecil Dampier Whetham) (27 December 1867 – 11 December 1952)[1] was a British scientist, agriculturist, and science historian who developed a method of extracting lactose (milk sugar) from whey.

He was born in London, the son of Charles Langley and Mary (née Dampier) Whetham and the grandson of Sir Charles Whetham, a former Lord Mayor of London. In 1886 he entered Trinity College, Cambridge and in 1889 commenced his varied researches in the Cavendish Laboratory. In 1891 was elected a Fellow of Trinity.

In June 1901 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society.[1] His candidacy citation read: "Lecturer in Physics. Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge.

Dampier was author of the following scientific papers, &c: - 'On the Alleged Slipping at the Boundary of a Liquid in Motion';[2] 'Note on Kohlrausch's Theory of Ionic Velocity';[3] 'Ionic Velocities';[4] 'On the velocity of the Hydrogen Ion through Solutions of Acetates';[5] 'On the Velocities of the Ions and the Relative Ionization Powers of Solvents';[6] 'The Velocity of the Ions';[7] 'The Ionizing Power of Solvents';[8] 'Report to the British Association on the Present State of our Knowledge in Electrolysis and Electro-Chemistry'; 'The Theory of the Migration of the ions and of Specific Ionic Velocities';[9] 'The Coagulative Power of Electrolytes';[10] 'The Ionization of Dilute Solutions at the Freezing Point' (a paper read before the Royal Society); an elementary text book on 'Solution and Electrolysis';[11] Letters and Articles in 'Nature' and 'Science Progress.'" [12]

In 1904 he published the first of his broader works on science and its history, The Recent Development of Physical Science. This was followed in 1929 by his frequently reprinted and translated A History of Science, and its Relations with Philosophy and Religion.[1]

From 1931 to 1935 he served as the first secretary of the Agricultural Research Council.[13] He was knighted in 1931 for public service to agriculture.

Family[edit]

In 1897 he had married Catherine Durning Holt of a Liverpool shipowning family.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Taylor, G. I.; Havelock, E. H. E. (1954). "William Cecil Dampier. 1867-1952". Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society. 9: 54. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1954.0005. JSTOR 769198. 
  2. ^ Proceedings of Royal Society, xlviii, p 225, (1890), and Philosophical Society Transactions, (1890), A, p. 559
  3. ^ Philosophical Magazine, (July, 1891)
  4. ^ Proceedings Royal Society, lii, p 283, (1893), translated Zeits fur Physikal Chem xi, p 220, (1893), also Philosophical Transactions (1893), A, p. 337
  5. ^ British Associations Reports, (1894), p 568
  6. ^ Philosophical Magazine, (1894)
  7. ^ Proceedings Royal Society, lvii, p 182, (1895), and Philosophical Transactions, A, (1895), p. 507
  8. ^ Philosophical Magazine, (July, 1897)
  9. ^ British Association Report, (1897), p 227
  10. ^ Philosophical Magazine, (1899)
  11. ^ Cambridge University Press, (1895)
  12. ^ "Library and Archive Catalogue". Royal Society. Retrieved 26 November 2010. 
  13. ^ December 27 - Today in Science History

External links[edit]