During his time in the Amazon he lived in Manaus (now the capital of Brazil's Amazonas state) from where he explored many of the Amazon River's southern tributaries and contacted various indigenous tribes. Arawá, the extinct language after which the Arauan language group is named, is only known from a short list of words he collected in 1867.
Chandless sent reports of his expeditions to the Royal Geographical Society, which published them in its journal. In 1866, following his survey of the Purus River, the Society awarded him its Patron's Medal.
Death and legacy
Chandless died in London and is buried with his uncle, Henry Gore Chandless (1802 - 6 February 1893), and grandfather, Thomas Chandless (1760 - 11 April 1823) in an impressive tomb, north-east of St Mary's Church in Paddington, London.
- Chandless, William, A visit to Salt Lake: being a journey across the plains and a residence in the Mormon settlements at Utah, Smith, Elder and Co, London, 1857.
- William Chandless, Ascent of the River Purus, Royal Geographical Society of London: 1866.
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