William Cheyne, 2nd Viscount Newhaven

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William Cheyne, 2nd Viscount Newhaven (14 July 1657 – 26 May 1728) was an English Tory politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1681 until 1707 when as a viscount in the Peerage of Scotland he was required to sit in the House of Lords.

Life[edit]

Cheyne was the son of Charles Cheyne, 1st Viscount Newhaven and his wife Lady Jane Cavendish, daughter of the first Duke of Newcastle .[1] He matriculated at Brasenose College, Oxford on 14 July 1671 aged 14.[2]

In 1681, Cheyne was elected Member of Parliament for Amersham and sat until 1687.[3] He was elected MP for Appleby in 1689 and sat until 1695.[4] In 1696 he was elected MP for Buckinghamshire and held the seat until 1701.[5] In that time he was three times also elected for Amersham, but chose to sit for Buckinghamshire. He succeeded to the title and the estates at Chelsea on the death of his father in 1698. He served as Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire for six months in 1702 until opposed by the Whigs. He was re-elected MP for Buckinghamshire in 1702 and sat until 1705. He was then elected MP for Amersham and sat until 1707 when under the Acts of Union 1707, having a Scottish peerage, he was required to sit in the House of Lords. In 1712, he sold the estates in Chelsea to Sir Hans Sloane. Cheyne Walk was named after him[6][7] He was Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire for the second time for two years from 1712 after which he lost the position on the succession of King George I.

After he died, without heir, in 1728 he was buried in Drayton Beauchamp in Buckinghamshire.[8] He was the last of the Cheyne family after whom Chenies in Buckinghamshire is named.

References[edit]

Parliament of England
Preceded by
Sir William Drake
Sir Roger Hill
Member of Parliament for Amersham
1681–1687
With: Sir William Drake
Succeeded by
Sir William Drake
Edmund Waller
Preceded by
Philip Musgrave
Richard Lowther
Member of Parliament for Appleby
1689–1695
With: Richard Lowther 1689–1690
Lord Clifford 1690–1694
Sir John Walter, Bt 1694–1695
Succeeded by
Sir William Twysden, Bt
Sir Christopher Musgrave, Bt
Preceded by
Hon. Thomas Wharton
Sir Richard Atkins, Bt
Member of Parliament for Buckinghamshire
1696–1701
With: Sir Richard Atkins, Bt 1696
Henry Neale 1696–1698
Hon. Goodwin Wharton 1698–1701
Succeeded by
Hon. Goodwin Wharton
Robert Dormer
Preceded by
Edmund Waller
Montagu Drake
Member of Parliament for Amersham
1698–1699
With: Sir John Garrard, Bt
Succeeded by
Sir John Garrard, Bt
John Drake
Preceded by
Sir John Garrard, Bt
John Drake
Member of Parliament for Amersham
1701
With: Sir Samuel Garrard, Bt 1701
John Drake 1701
Succeeded by
John Drake
Sir Samuel Garrard, Bt
Preceded by
John Drake
Sir Samuel Garrard, Bt
Member of Parliament for Amersham
1701–1702
With: John Drake
Succeeded by
John Drake
Sir Samuel Garrard, Bt
Preceded by
Hon. Goodwin Wharton
Robert Dormer
Member of Parliament for Buckinghamshire
1702–1705
With: Hon. Goodwin Wharton 1702–1704
Sir Richard Temple, Bt 1704–1705
Succeeded by
Sir Richard Temple, Bt
Robert Dormer
Preceded by
John Drake
Sir Samuel Garrard, Bt
Member of Parliament for Amersham
1705–1707
With: Sir Samuel Garrard, Bt
Succeeded by
Sir Samuel Garrard, Bt
John Drake
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Marquess of Wharton
Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire
1702
Succeeded by
The Earl of Bridgewater
Preceded by
The Duke of Kent
Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire
1712–1714
Succeeded by
The Earl of Bridgewater
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
Charles Cheyne
Viscount Newhaven
1698–1728
Succeeded by
Extinct