William Cholmondeley, 3rd Marquess of Cholmondeley

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The Most Honourable
The Marquess of Cholmondeley
William Cholmondeley, 3rd Marquess of Cholmondeley.jpg
Lord Cholmondeley in 1832
Personal details
Born William Henry Hugh Cholmondeley
(1800-03-31)31 March 1800
Died 16 December 1884(1884-12-16) (aged 84)
Houghton Hall, Norfolk, England
Citizenship British
Nationality British
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Marcia Arbuthnot (m. 1825; her death 1878)
Children 8
Mother Lady Georgiana Charlotte Bertie
Father George Cholmondeley, 1st Marquess of Cholmondeley
Education Eton College
Occupation Politician and peer
Religion Quaker

William Henry Hugh Cholmondeley, 3rd Marquess of Cholmondeley (/ˈʌmli/; 31 March 1800 – 16 December 1884), styled Lord Henry Cholmondeley from 1815 until 1870,[1] was a British peer and Conservative Member of Parliament.[2]

Family and education[edit]

Cholmondeley was the younger of two sons born to George, Fourth Earl of Cholmondeley, who was created the first Marquess of Cholmondeley in 1815. His mother was Lady Georgiana Charlotte, second daughter and co-heir of Peregrine Bertie, 3rd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven. He was a direct descendant of Sir Robert Walpole, the first Prime Minister of Great Britain.[3][4]

Like his grandfather, and his elder brother, Cholmondeley was educated at Eton. He then attended Christ Church, Oxford, but apparently left without a degree, as was relatively common among his generation.[2] Cholmondeley's elder brother, George, succeeded to his father's title in 1827 as the 2nd Marquess of Cholmondeley.[3]

Career[edit]

In 1822, Cholmondeley was elected to the House of Commons for Castle Rising, a seat he held until 1832, when the constituency was abolished by the Reform Bill. He remained out of Parliament for the next twenty years. In 1852, Cholmondeley was again successful for South Hampshire, representing it for the next five years until 1857.[4]

Cholmondeley was a member of the Canterbury Association from 27 March 1848.[5]

In 1870, Cholmondeley succeeded to his elder brother's title as the third Marquess of Cholmondeley and entered the House of Lords.[4]

Marriage and issue[edit]

On 28 February 1825, Cholmondeley married Marcia Emma Georgiana Arbuthnot, daughter of Charles Arbuthnot,[3] at Cholmondeley House, which was then in Piccadilly, London. They had eight children, of whom only two daughters survived him:[2][4]

  • Marcia Charlotte Emma (22 November 1826 – 7 April 1828)
  • Lady Charlotte Georgiana (4 February 1828 – 17 August 1912)
  • Charles George (9 July 1829 – 7 December 1869)
  • Lady Marcia Susan Harriet (18 April 1831 – 10 June 1927)
  • Lord Henry Vere (4 October 1834 – 25 February 1882)
  • Emma Caroline (11 November 1837 – 26 January 1839)
  • Caroline Rachel (4 July 1840 – 11 March 1863)

Cholmondeley's wife died in 1878. Six years after her death, he died at Houghton Hall, aged 84. As both of his sons had died before him, Cholmondeley was succeeded in his titles by his grandson George, Earl of Rocksavage, who was the eldest son of his eldest son, Charles.[2]

Lands and estates[edit]

Houghton Hall, ancestral home of the Marquess of Cholmondeley since the establishment of the title in 1815, has now opened some of its rooms and grounds to the public.

The family seats are Houghton Hall, Norfolk, and Cholmondeley Castle, which is surrounded by a 7,500 acres (30 km2) estate near Malpas, Cheshire.[6]

The Marquess was a teetotal Quaker and closed all the alehouses on the estate.[7]

Position at court[edit]

One moiety part of the ancient office of Lord Great Chamberlain is a Cholmondeley inheritance.[8] This hereditary honour came into the Cholmondeley family through the marriage of the first Marquess of Cholmondeley to Lady Georgiana Charlotte Bertie, daughter of Peregrine Bertie, 3rd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven.[9] The second, fourth, fifth, sixth and seventh holders of the marquessate have all held this office, but Lord William did not take on the responsibilities of this court function.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Late Marquis of Cholmondeley". The Times. The Times Digital Archive. 10 May 1870. p. 5. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Obituary: Marquis of Cholmondeley". The Times. The Times Digital Archive. 18 December 1884. p. 7. 
  3. ^ a b c Lodge, Edmund. (1877). The Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire as at Present Existing, p. 125.
  4. ^ a b c d Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knighthood (107 ed.). Burke's Peerage & Gentry. pp. 784–785. ISBN 0-9711966-2-1. 
  5. ^ Blain, Rev. Michael (2007). The Canterbury Association (1848–1852): A Study of Its Members' Connections (PDF). Christchurch: Project Canterbury. pp. 20–21. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  6. ^ Caroline, Donald. "The new garden at Houghton Hall, King’s Lynn, Norfolk," The Times (UK). 11 May 2008.
  7. ^ Midgley, Carol. "The Cholmondeley people," The Times (UK). 5 July 2003.
  8. ^ Notes and Queries (1883 Jan–Jun), p. 42.
  9. ^ Portcullis: Deed of Covenant and Agreement between Lord Willoughby de Eresby, The Dowager Marchioness of Cholmondeley and the Marquis of Cholmondeley re the exercise of the Office of Hereditary Great Chamberlain (16 May 1829).

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Earl of Rocksavage
Fulk Greville Howard
Member of Parliament for Castle Rising
1822–1832
With: Fulk Greville Howard
Constituency abolished
Preceded by
Lord Charles Wellesley
Henry Combe Compton
Member of Parliament for South Hampshire
18521857
With: Henry Combe Compton
Succeeded by
Sir Jervoise Clarke-Jervoise
Ralph Heneage Dutton
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
George Horatio Cholmondeley
Marquess of Cholmondeley
1870–1884
Succeeded by
George Henry Hugh Cholmondeley