William Cooke Taylor
William Cooke Taylor (1800–1849) was an Irish writer, known as a journalist, historian and Anti-Corn Law propagandist.
Life and work
He is best known for two works The Natural History of Society (1841) and Factories and the Factory System (1844). In the early 1840s he toured the northern English industrial centres and wrote considerably for the Anti-Corn Law League and his observations of the factories of Manchester and Bolton provide a first hand account of the depression at that time. In 1843 he became the editor of Anti-Corn Law’s ‘The League’. He was extremely hostile to chartism and his defence of child labour in factories (on the grounds that it was preferable to starvation) attracted much hostile criticism.
He was educated at Trinity College, Dublin and gained a BA in 1825 and an LL.D in 1835. In 1829 he moved to London and began to contribute regularly to journals such as the Athenaeum of which he was deputy editor, Bentley’s Miscellany and The Art Journal. In London he worked as a writer for hire or, as his obituary puts it, "a writer for his daily bread". He published profusely throughout his career, writing on religion, history and a number of biographies, most notably that of Sir Robert Peel.
In Irish politics Taylor was a Whig, fiercely critical of the Penal Laws and supporting Catholic emancipation, but believing that continued union with Britain would bring about rapid political and economic modernisation. He was a strong advocate of the professedly non-denominational National School system, and his economic and religious views were heavily influenced by Richard Whately. Cooke Taylor was on friendly terms with Thomas Davis, whom he respected as a fellow-Trinity graduate, but in 1847-8 he engaged in government-sponsored journalism denouncing the Young Irelanders as communists, and was accused by Charles Gavan Duffy of having been hired to defame his country. This was unjust; while Taylor worked as a hired pen, it was for causes that he believed in.
He was the son of Richard Taylor, a Youghal manufacturer and he married Marianne Taylor, his first cousin. He had four children, three girls and a boy, Richard Whateley Cook Taylor, a factory inspector who also went on to write about the factory system in his book Introduction to a history of the factory system.
Taylor died at 20 Herbert Street, Dublin on 12 September 1849.
- Historical Miscellany, Whittaker, Treacher and Co., London, 1829
- History of France and Normandy, Whittaker, Treacher and Co., London, 1830
- History of the Civil Wars of Ireland, Constable & Co., London, 1831
- Readings in Biography, John W. Parker, London, 1833
- History of Ireland, J & J Harper New York, 1833
- Outlines of Sacred History, John W. Parker, London, 1833
- The History of Mohammedanism and its sects, John W. Parker, London, 1834
- Sanskrit Literature, Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, London, 1834
- On the nature and objects of statistical science, S.N., London, 1835
- The History of the overthrow of the Roman Empire, and the foundation of the principal European states, Whittaker & Co., London, 1836
- Chapters on Coronations, John W. Parker, London, 1838
- Natural History of Society, D. Appleton & Co., New York, 1841
- Anti-corn-law agitation, J. Gadsby, Manchester, 1842
- Notes of a tour in the manufacturing districts of Lancashire, Duncan and Malcolm, London, 1842
- Romantic biography of the times of Elizabeth, Richard Bentley, London, 1842
- An Illustrated Itinerary of the County of Lancaster, London, 1842
- A Popular History of British India, James Madden & Co., London, 1842
- The hand book of silk, cotton and woollen manufactures, Richard Bentley, 1843
- Revolutions and Remarkable Conspiracies of Europe, Richard Bentley, London, 1843
- Factories and the Factory System, Jeremiah How, London, 1844
- History of Christianity, John W. Parker, London, 1844
- A Manual of Ancient & Modern History, D. Appleton & Co., New York, 1845
- The Modern British Plutarch, Grant and Griffith, London, 1846
- The National Portrait Gallery of illustrations and eminent personages, chiefly of the nineteenth century, Caxton Press, London, 1846
- Notes of a visit to the model schools in Dublin, Hodges and Smith, Dublin, 1848
- On the changes in the locality of textile manufactures, Hodges and Smith, Dublin, 1848
- Memoirs of the House of Orleans, Richard Bentley, London, 1849
- Life and times of Sir Robert Peel, Peter Jackson, London, 1851
- The occult sciences, R. Griffin and Co., London & Glasgow, 1855
- The Bible illustrated from Egyptian Monuments, Adamant Media Corporation, 2001
- Reminiscences of Daniel O'Connell, Fisher, Son, & Co., Dublin, 1847 [originally as by "A Munster Farmer"; reprinted 2004 by UCD Press with introduction and notes by Patrick Maume]
- History of Poetry
- Readings in Poetry
- Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland Journal, 1861, p. 263.
- CHALONER, W. H. in his introduction to the 1968 third edition of Cook Taylor’s Notes of a tour in the manufacturing districts of Lancashire
- The Gentleman's Magazine, 1850, p94-6.
- Obituary from the Dublin University Magazine
- Obituary from the Gentleman's Magazine
- Introduction to a history of the factory system (1886)
- McCord, N (1958). The Anti-Corn Law League, 1838–1846 pp. 185–6
- Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland Journal, 1861, p263
- Patrick Maume introduction to 2004 UCD Press reprint of Taylor's Memoir of Daniel O'Connell.
- Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. .
- Works by William Cooke Taylor at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about William Cooke Taylor at Internet Archive
- Obituary – The Gentleman's Magazine, 1850, p94-6
- Introduction to the 1968 third edition of Cook Taylor’s Notes of a tour in the manufacturing districts of Lancashire
- Letter from William Cooke Taylor of the National Anti-Corn Law League, 67 Fleet Street, London