William Cumberland Cruikshank
William Cumberland Cruikshank (1745, Edinburgh — 27 June 1800) was a British chemist and anatomist. He was the author of The Anatomy of the Absorbing Vessels of the Human Body, which was first published in 1786. [1 ] [2 ]
He went to London in 1771 and became assistant to
William Hunter in his anatomical work. In 1797, he was the first to demonstrate that a particular crystallizable substance exists in the [1 ] urine and is precipitated from it by nitric acid. He identified [3 ] carbon monoxide as a compound containing carbon and oxygen in 1800. In 1800 he also used [4 ] chlorine to purify water. [5 ]
He was elected a
Fellow of the Royal Society in June 1797. [6 ]
Notes and references [ edit ]
^ a b Pilcher, Lewis Stephen (1918). A List of Books by Some of the Old Masters of Medicine and Surgery, p. 132. Brooklyn, New York.
^ Quain, Jones (1892). Quain's Elements of Anatomy, Vol. II, Part II, p. 546. London: Longmans, Green and Co.
^ Coulson, William (1857). On the diseases of the bladder and prostate gland , p. 15. Churchill.
^ Roscoe, Henry E. and Schorlemmer, Carl (1920). A Treatise on Chemistry (5th ed.), p. 797. London: Macmillan and Co., Limited.
^ Rideal, Samuel (1895). Disinfection and Disinfectants, p. 59. J.B. Lippincott Co.
^ "Library and Archive Catalogue". Royal Society . Retrieved . 26 December 2010