William D. Hoard
|William Dempster Hoard|
|16th Governor of Wisconsin|
January 7, 1889 – January 5, 1891
|Lieutenant||George W. Ryland|
|Preceded by||Jeremiah McLain Rusk|
|Succeeded by||George W. Peck|
October 10, 1836|
Stockbridge, New York
|Died||November 22, 1918
Fort Atkinson, Wisconsin, U.S.
|Resting place||Evergreen Cemetery
Fort Atkinson, Jefferson County, Wisconsin
|Spouse(s)||Agnes Elizabeth Bragg Hoard|
|Children||Halbert Louis Hoard
Arthur Ralph Hoard
Frank Ward Hoard
|Parents||William Bradford Hoard
Sarah Katherine White Hoard
|Years of service||1861-1862
|Unit||4th Wisconsin Volunteer Regiment
1st New York Artillery Regiment
|Battles/wars||American Civil War|
Early life and career
During the American Civil War, Hoard served in the 4th Wisconsin Volunteer Regiment as a musician until he was discharged for medical reasons. He went back to New York to recover and served to the end of the war in the 1st New York Artillery Regiment. Returning to Wisconsin, he got involved with the hops industry, but the glut and decline in the industry left him without money. He was a member of the Republican Party, but was an outsider and an amateur in politics. He was a leading promoter of the dairy industry, through his weekly magazine Hoard's Dairyman.
Governor of Wisconsin
In 1889, Hoard asked the legislature to pass the Bennett Law, the state's first compulsory school attendance law. It required all public and private schools to teach major subjects in English. The German Lutherans and Germans Catholics, who each had a large parochial school system that used German-speaking teachers, strenuously objected. Hoard made the extremely controversial law the centerpiece of his reelection campaign, rejecting the advice of professional politicians that it would doom the GOP. The law, and Hoard, were repudiated by the state's large German community. Hoard was defeated in an intense campaign by Democrat George Wilbur Peck, the Yankee mayor of Milwaukee.
The Republican establishment was outraged at Hoard. In turn the moralistic rank and file bridled at the boss rule. Hoard joined forces with Robert M. La Follette Sr. and created the Progressive faction of the state GOP. It propelled La Follette to the governorship and the U.S. Senate, but Hoard, still an influential publisher, broke with La Follette in 1912.
Death and legacy
Hoard died in Fort Atkinson, Wisconsin, on November 22, 1918 (age 82 years, 43 days). He is interred at Evergreen Cemetery, Fort Atkinson, Wisconsin.
In honor of Hoard's service to the dairy industry, a statue of Hoard by Gutzon Borglum was erected in 1922 at the head of Henry Mall of what is now the University of Wisconsin–Madison, which was the original quadrangle of the university's College of Agriculture and Life Sciences.' Gutzon Borglum later went on to create Mount Rushmore.
Wisconsin Statute W.S.A. 995.24 creates a Wisconsin state holiday called William D. Hoard Day. It reads "October 10 is designated as William D. Hoard Day. Appropriate exercises and celebrations may be held on that day, William D. Hoard's birthday, to honor him and remember him as the 16th governor of Wisconsin and the leading promoter of the dairy industry through his weekly magazine, Hoard's Dairyman."
Son of William Bradford and Sarah Katherine White Hoard, he married Agnes Elizabeth Bragg and they had three sons, Halbert Louis, Arthur Ralph, and Frank Ward.
- "Hoard's History". Hoard's Dairyman – The National Dairy Farm Magazine. Archived from the original on 2011-12-27.
- Richard Jensen, The Winning of the Midwest: Social and Political Conflict, 1888-1896 (1971) online ch 5
- William Foote Whyte, "The Bennett Law Campaign in Wisconsin," Wisconsin Magazine of History, 10: 4 (1926–1927).
- Osman, Loren H. W.D. Hoard: A Man For His Time (1985)
- Risjord, Norman K. "From the Plow to the Cow: William D. Hoard and America's Dairyland." Wisconsin Magazine of History (2005): 40-49.
- Wyman, Roger E. "Wisconsin ethnic groups and the election of 1890." The Wisconsin Magazine of History (1968): 269-293. in JSTOR
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to William D. Hoard.|
Jeremiah McLain Rusk
|Governor of Wisconsin
George W. Peck