William D. Swenson

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William D. Swenson
WilliamSwensonMOHspeech20131015.jpg
Swenson speaking to reporters at the White House after receiving the Medal of Honor on October 15, 2013
Born (1978-11-02) November 2, 1978 (age 42)
Seattle, Washington
AllegianceUnited States
Service/branchUnited States Army
Years of service2002–2011
2014–present
RankLieutenant Colonel[1][2]
Unit1st Battalion, 32nd Infantry Regiment
Battles/warsIraq War
War in Afghanistan
AwardsMedal of Honor
Bronze Star Medal (3)
Purple Heart

William D. Swenson (born November 2, 1978) is a lieutenant colonel in the United States Army who was awarded the Medal of Honor in a ceremony on October 15, 2013.[3] He was the sixth living recipient in the War on Terror.[4] Swenson, Thomas Payne and Matthew O. Williams are the only Medal of Honor recipients still on active duty.[5]

Early life and education[edit]

Swenson graduated from Seattle University, with a Bachelor of Science degree in political science, in 2001.[6]

Military career[edit]

Swenson commissioned from Officer Candidate School as a United States Army infantry officer in September 2002. His military education, mostly at Fort Benning, includes Basic and Advanced Infantry Officer Courses, Ranger School, and Airborne School. He has deployed three times in the War on Terror, once to Iraq and twice to Afghanistan.[7] He has been awarded the Bronze Star Medal (with two oak leaf clusters), the Purple Heart, and the Combat Infantryman Badge.[8] At the time of the Battle of Ganjgal, Swenson was a captain in 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 10th Mountain Division, detailed as an Embedded Trainer for the Afghan Border Police.[9]

Swenson left the army in February 2011 and lived in Seattle, Washington.[10] At the time, when Swenson received the Medal of Honor, he was unemployed, and had been since after he left the army in 2011.[11] In October 2013, Swenson requested to return to active duty.[12] On March 14, 2014, he was accepted back onto active duty and served as a plans officer at the I Corps headquarters.[13] Later in 2014, Swenson was named "Alumnus of the Year" by Seattle University.[14] In 2015, along with Representative Duncan D. Hunter and others, Swenson advocated on behalf of Major Mathew Golsteyn, who had his Silver Star revoked following an investigation that initially led to no charges;[15] however in December 2018, Golsteyn was charged with murder, being recalled to active duty to face the charge.[16] In March 2016, Swenson was assigned to United States Army South.[5]

In December 2017, Swenson earned a Master of Arts in Security Studies Western Hemisphere from the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California.[1][17] In August 2018, Swenson took the place of Major General James E. Livingston on the board of the National Medal of Honor Museum Foundation.[18] Swenson was promoted to lieutenant colonel on October 31, 2019.[19]

Medal of Honor action[edit]

On September 8, 2009, Swenson was part of an operation to connect the Afghan government with native elders in the Ganjgal Valley in Eastern Kunar Province in Afghanistan, near the Pakistan border.[20]

According to the United States Army's detailed Official Narrative, the coalition force's 106-man column entered the valley and was ambushed at about 6 a.m. by as many as 60 insurgent fighters who soon surrounded the column on three sides, situated on terraced high ground.[20] Within an hour, communication to the front of the column, including four U.S. servicemen, was lost.[20] Meanwhile, Captain Swenson, who initially was positioned toward the rear of the column, called for air support, and with two comrades crossed 50 meters of open space under direct enemy fire to administer life-extending first aid to his severely wounded sergeant.[20] When the column was surrounded by enemy fighters that advanced within 50 meters, Swenson responded to Taliban demands for surrender by throwing a hand grenade, an act of defiance that rallied his comrades to repel the enemy advance.[20]

Swenson and comrades moved his sergeant and other wounded to a helicopter for medical evacuation before returning to the enemy's "kill zone" for at least two more trips in an unarmored vehicle to evacuate additional wounded.[20] Returning even more deeply through the kill zone toward the location of the head of column in search of the four U.S. servicemen, Swenson's party first rescued and recovered several Afghan National Security Force wounded and dead.[20] Finally, Swenson and a small contingent recovered the four fallen U.S. servicemen who had been discovered by a search and rescue aircraft at noon.[20] The 6–7 hour firefight caused 15 coalition deaths, including the four U.S. servicemen; also, Swenson's sergeant, Kenneth Westbrook, died of his wounds after returning from Afghanistan.[20] Swenson's actions are believed to have directly contributed to saving more than a dozen Afghan lives.[20]

Medal of Honor award[edit]

Swenson received the Medal of Honor from President Barack Obama on October 15, 2013.[22] Swenson was nominated for his actions as an Embedded Trainer in the Battle of Ganjgal near the Afghanistan-Pakistan border on September 8, 2009. He is reported to have repeatedly entered the "kill zone" in order to rescue wounded American and Afghan soldiers, much like his fellow serviceman Dakota Meyer who was awarded the Medal of Honor in 2011.[8] Swenson became the first living officer to receive the Medal of Honor since Vietnam.[23]

Footage of Swenson from a camera on a helicopter was the first time that part of an event which led to the awarding of the Medal of Honor was filmed.[11][24] Being recommended for the Medal of Honor in December 2009 by a battalion commander,[25] the paperwork was lost, causing a significant delay in the nomination process.[26] Prior to the paperwork being lost, General David Petraeus had recommended that the award be downgraded to a Distinguished Service Cross.[27] There are accusations in both the military and the press that the lost paperwork was punishment for loudly criticizing his senior officers for not sending fire support in an after-action investigation into the battle.[9] Swenson's case was reopened in 2011 at the urging of Marine Corps General John R. Allen.[28] Dakota Meyer strongly advocated for Swenson's Medal of Honor in his book, Into the Fire: A Firsthand Account of the Most Extraordinary Battle in the Afghan War, writing that if it were not for Swenson, he (Meyer) would not be alive today.[29] In May 2014, the Department of Defense reported that based on an investigation, Swenson's Medal of Honor recommendation was lost in the Army's Email system.[30] In February 2015, it was revealed that in the period prior to Swenson receiving the Medal of Honor, in 2013, that the Criminal Investigation Command began an investigation on Swenson due to comments made on Amazon.com by Major Mathew Golsteyn in 2011.[31]

Hall of Heroes induction ceremony[edit]

On October 16, 2013 Swenson was inducted into the Pentagon's Hall of Heroes. During the ceremony, the Secretary of the Army and the Army Chief of Staff presented Swenson with a framed copy of his Medal of Honor citation.

Following the Medal of Honor presentation at the White House, on October 16, 2013, Swenson was inducted into the Pentagon Hall of Heroes. The ceremony was officiated by Chuck Hagel, the Secretary of Defense. Hagel was assisted by the Secretary of the Army John M. McHugh, Army Chief of Staff General Ray Odierno and the Sergeant Major of the Army, Raymond F. Chandler.[32] During the ceremony, Chuck Hagel apologized to Swenson for the mishandling of his award nomination, which had been delayed for 19 months because of what officials called a bureaucratic oversight.[33] McHugh later told the standing room only audience that the army would implement a new process providing greater oversight to "ensure that no future award packet is lost along the way or paperwork misplaced or somehow forgotten in the fog of war." The new directive, McHugh stated, required Medal of Honor nominations be sent immediately to Army Human Resources Command. "As soon as an honors packet is created at battalion level, we will have immediate visibility at Army headquarters," he told the audience.[32]

Referencing allegations that Swenson's award had been intentionally lost as a result of his criticizing leadership actions after the battle,[33] Odierno said that "Swenson's strength of character was undeniable. Even after the battle, Will was not afraid to point out deficiencies in the operation that caused difficulties in obtaining the appropriate and timely support necessary. He recognized the importance of assessing performance, and had the character to stick to his convictions."[32]

Following the presentation of his framed citation and the personal Medal of Honor flag, Swenson spoke briefly.

I look at this crowd and I see the strength of a nation and I see the strength of a fighting force, one that I fought proudly with. I look at my fellow Marines, Army, Navy and Air Force, a team that I fought side-by-side with as brothers. It's the proudest moment of my life and I'm honored and privileged to know these men.[32]

Medal of Honor citation[edit]

Swenson receives the Medal of Honor from President Barack Obama
A light blue neck ribbon with a gold star-shaped medallion hanging from it. The ribbon is similar in shape to a bowtie with 13 white stars in the center of the ribbon.

Captain William D. Swenson distinguished himself by acts of gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as embedded advisor to the Afghan National Border Police, Task Force Phoenix, Combined Security Transition Command-Afghanistan in support of 1st Battalion, 32nd Infantry Regiment, 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 10th Mountain Division, during combat operations against an armed enemy in Kunar Province, Afghanistan on September 8, 2009. On that morning, more than 60 well-armed, well-positioned enemy fighters ambushed Captain Swenson's combat team as it moved on foot into the village of Ganjgal for a meeting with village elders. As the enemy unleashed a barrage of rocket-propelled grenade, mortar and machine gun fire, Captain Swenson immediately returned fire and coordinated and directed the response of his Afghan Border Police, while simultaneously calling in suppressive artillery fire and aviation support. After the enemy effectively flanked Coalition Forces, Captain Swenson repeatedly called for smoke to cover the withdrawal of the forward elements. Surrounded on three sides by enemy forces inflicting effective and accurate fire, Captain Swenson coordinated air assets, indirect fire support and medical evacuation helicopter support to allow for the evacuation of the wounded. Captain Swenson ignored enemy radio transmissions demanding surrender and maneuvered uncovered to render medical aid to a wounded fellow soldier. Captain Swenson stopped administering aid long enough to throw a grenade at approaching enemy forces, before assisting with moving the soldier for air evacuation. With complete disregard for his own safety, Captain Swenson unhesitatingly led a team in an unarmored vehicle into the kill zone, exposing himself to enemy fire on at least two occasions, to recover the wounded and search for four missing comrades. After using aviation support to mark locations of fallen and wounded comrades, it became clear that ground recovery of the fallen was required due to heavy enemy fire on helicopter landing zones. Captain Swenson's team returned to the kill zone another time in a Humvee. Captain Swenson voluntarily exited the vehicle, exposing himself to enemy fire, to locate and recover three fallen Marines and one fallen Navy corpsman. His exceptional leadership and stout resistance against the enemy during six hours of continuous fighting rallied his teammates and effectively disrupted the enemy's assault. Captain William D. Swenson's extraordinary heroism and selflessness above and beyond the call of duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit upon himself, Task Force Phoenix, 1st Battalion, 32nd Infantry Regiment, 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 10th Mountain Division and the United States Army.[34]

Awards and decorations[edit]

The United States Army lists Swenson's awards and decorations as including:[35]

Combat Infantry Badge.svg
Width-44 scarlet ribbon with width-4 ultramarine blue stripe at center, surrounded by width-1 white stripes. Width-1 white stripes are at the edges.Bronze oakleaf-3d.svgBronze oakleaf-3d.svg Width-44 purple ribbon with width-4 white stripes on the borders
Width-44 myrtle green ribbon with width-3 white stripes at the edges and five width-1 stripes down the center; the central white stripes are width-2 apart Width=44 scarlet ribbon with a central width-4 golden yellow stripe, flanked by pairs of width-1 scarlet, white, Old Glory blue, and white stripes
Bronze star
Bronze-service-star-3d-vector.svgBronze-service-star-3d-vector.svg
Width-44 ribbon with width-6 central ultramarine blue stripe, flanked by pairs of stripes that are respectively width-4 emerald, width-3 golden yellow, width-5 orange, and width-7 scarlet Award numeral 2.svg
Ranger Tab.svg United States Air Force Parachutist Badge.svg
10th Mountain Division CSIB.jpg
32 Inf Rgt DUI.jpg
1st Row Combat Infantryman Badge
2nd Row Medal of Honor Bronze Star Medal with two bronze oak leaf clusters Purple Heart Medal
3rd Row Army Commendation Medal National Defense Service Medal Afghanistan Campaign Medal with one bronze service star
4th Row Iraq Campaign Medal with two service stars Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal Global War on Terrorism Service Medal
5th Row Army Service Ribbon Army Overseas Service Ribbon with bronze award numeral 2 NATO Medal
6th Row Ranger Tab Parachutist Badge (United States)
7th Row 10th Mountain Division CSIB
8th Row 32nd Infantry Regiment Distinctive Unit Insignia

Swenson also has five Overseas Service Bars.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Route, Ronald A. (December 15, 2017). "Naval Postgraduate School Commencement" (PDF). Calhoun Institutional Archive. Naval Postgraduate School. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 23, 2018. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
  2. ^ "Nominees: PN1220 — 116th Congress (2019–2020)". United States Congress. Retrieved July 2, 2020.
  3. ^ "CMOHS.org – Captain SWENSON, WILLIAM D., U.S. Army". cmohs.org. Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved October 27, 2013.
  4. ^ Lesley Clark (September 16, 2013). "After long wait, Seattle man gets highest military honor". The Seattle Times. Archived from the original on September 23, 2013. Retrieved September 17, 2013.
  5. ^ a b White, Matt (March 3, 2016). "The latest Medal of Honor recipient wants to go back to war. Why that's a rarity". Washington Post. Archived from the original on November 15, 2016. Retrieved November 15, 2016.
  6. ^ Weaver, Anna (September 19, 2013). "Seattle University Grad to Receive Medal of Honor". Northwest Catholic. Seattle, Washington: Archdiocese of Seattle. Archived from the original on April 21, 2018. Retrieved April 20, 2018.
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  8. ^ a b "Capt. William Swenson: Former soldier to receive Medal of Honor". Stars and Stripes. September 26, 2013. Archived from the original on September 20, 2013. Retrieved September 17, 2013.
  9. ^ a b Dan Lamothe (September 13, 2011). "Afghan ambush heroics go unrecognized". Army Times. Archived from the original on September 17, 2013. Retrieved September 17, 2013.
  10. ^ "Army Captain William D. Swenson Receives Medal of Honor". TIME. October 15, 2013. Archived from the original on October 16, 2013. Retrieved October 16, 2013.
  11. ^ a b Nguyen, Vi-An (October 16, 2013). "5 Things to Know About Medal of Honor Recipient Capt. William Swenson". Parade. New York City: Advance Publications. Archived from the original on April 21, 2018.
  12. ^ McGregor, Jena (October 15, 2013). "On Leadership With William Swenson, the Army gained a Medal of Honor but lost a leader". Washington Post. Archived from the original on March 27, 2018. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
    Fishel, Justin (October 15, 2013). "Afghan war vet awarded Medal of Honor, seeks to return to active duty". Fox News. Archived from the original on March 23, 2018. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
    Baldor, Lolita (October 13, 2013). "Medal of Honor recipient asks to return to duty". CNS News. Media Research Center. Associated Press. Archived from the original on March 23, 2018. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
  13. ^ Tan, Michelle (April 9, 2014). "Medal of Honor recipient returns to active duty". Army Times. Gannett. Retrieved August 15, 2014.
  14. ^ Clement, Marilyn; Kalinko, Chris (July 9, 2014). "Alumni Awards". Seattle University. Archived from the original on April 21, 2018. Retrieved April 20, 2018.
  15. ^ Lamothe, Dan (February 6, 2015). "CIA job interview leads to criminal investigation of Green Beret". Washington Post. Archived from the original on February 8, 2015. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
  16. ^ South, Todd (December 13, 2018). "Former Green Beret major faces murder charge for 2010 Afghanistan incident". Army Times. Retrieved February 13, 2019.
  17. ^ "Graduating NSA Student, MAJ William Swenson, Is Medal of Honor Recipient". Department of National Security Affairs. Naval Postgraduate School. December 18, 2017. Archived from the original on March 23, 2018. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
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  19. ^ "Nominees: PN1220 — 116th Congress (2019–2020)". United States Congress. Retrieved July 2, 2020.
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Official Narrative / Captain William D. Swenson". U.S. Army. 2013. Archived from the original on October 15, 2013.
  21. ^ "Raw Video: Battlefield Actions of Former Army Cpt. William Swenson" — frames from video recorded September 8, 2009 and uploaded September 19, 2013 to the official "The U.S. Army" YouTube channel. WebCite archive.
  22. ^ "Capt. William D. Swenson awarded Medal of Honor at White House ceremony". Washington Times. Associated Press. October 15, 2013. Archived from the original on January 24, 2015. Retrieved January 22, 2015.
  23. ^ Jonathan S. Landay (October 14, 2013). "Ex-soldier receives historic Medal of Honor for valor in Afghan battle". Washington, D.C. McClathy. Archived from the original on January 22, 2015. Retrieved January 22, 2015.
    Andrew Tilghman (May 15, 2014). "Medal of Honor file went missing from Petraeus' desk". USA Today. Gannett. Military Times. Archived from the original on January 3, 2017. Retrieved January 22, 2015.
  24. ^ Nakamura, David (October 15, 2013). "Former Army Capt. William Swenson receives Medal of Honor at White House". Washington Post. Archived from the original on September 4, 2018. Retrieved April 20, 2018.
  25. ^ Dan Lamothe; David Nakamura (July 20, 2014). "Criticism rises over long delays for Medals of Honor". Pilot. Hampton Roads. Washington Post. Archived from the original on January 22, 2015. Retrieved January 22, 2015.
    Knight, Matt (October 15, 2013). "Army Captain William Swenson receives the Medal of Honor". WTKR. Hampton, North Carolina. Archived from the original on April 21, 2018. Retrieved April 20, 2018.
  26. ^ Jonathan Landay (October 15, 2013). "US Army Captain William Swenson awarded Medal of Honor". BBC News. Archived from the original on April 8, 2015. Retrieved January 22, 2015.
    Lolita C. Baldor (October 16, 2013). "Hagel apologizes for delay in Medal of Honor award". KSL. Salt Lake City. Associated Press. Archived from the original on October 11, 2017. Retrieved January 22, 2015.
  27. ^ Landay, Jonathan S. (May 15, 2015). "Petraeus advised downgrading Swenson's Medal of Honor bid, probe finds". McClathy. Washington, D.C. Archived from the original on April 21, 2018. Retrieved April 20, 2018.
    Walsh, Josepth T. (2014). Three Articles on the Politics of the Medal of Honor (PDF) (Dissertation). University of Alabama. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 21, 2018. Retrieved April 20, 2018.
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  29. ^ Hal Bernton (September 15, 2011). "Seattle man in same battle as medal winner". The Seattle Times. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved September 17, 2013.
  30. ^ "DOD Says Medal Of Honor Recommendation Got Lost In The Mail". WBUR. Boston. May 16, 2015. Archived from the original on January 22, 2015. Retrieved January 22, 2015.
  31. ^ Ernst, Douglas (February 26, 2015). "Army spied on Medal of Honor recipient over Amazon book review". Washington Times. Archived from the original on March 27, 2015. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
    Bassali, Daniel (February 26, 2015). "Army Targets Medal of Honor Recipient Over Amazon Book Review". Washington Free Beacon. Archived from the original on March 26, 2015. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
    Siegel, Jacob (February 26, 2015). "Exclusive: Army Spied on Hero Over Amazon Review". The Daily Beast. Archived from the original on March 23, 2015. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  32. ^ a b c d Leipold, J.D., (October 17, 2013) "Swenson Hall of Heroes induction brings changes to MOH processing" Archived October 19, 2013, at the Wayback Machine Army News Service. Retrieved October 18, 2013
  33. ^ a b Nakamura, David (October 16, 2013) "Hagel apologizes to Medal of Honor recipient for bungling of paperwork that delayed award" Archived April 21, 2018, at the Wayback Machine The Washington Post, page 3. Retrieved October 18, 2013
  34. ^ "Official Citation / Captain William D. Swenson". U.S. Army. 2013. Archived from the original on October 16, 2013.
  35. ^ "Profile / William D. Swenson". U.S. Army. Archived from the original on September 18, 2013. Retrieved September 18, 2013.

External links[edit]