William Duane (physicist)
February 17, 1872|
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
|Died||March 7, 1935
|Alma mater||Berlin University|
|Doctoral advisor||Walther Nernst|
|Known for||Duane-Hunt law|
|Notable awards||Comstock Prize in Physics (1923)|
William Duane (February 17, 1872, at Philadelphia – March 7, 1935, in Devon, Pennsylvania) was an American physicist. A coworker of Marie Curie, he developed a method for generating quantities of radon in the laboratory.
- 1888-1892 University of Pennsylvania
- 1892-1895 Harvard University
- 1895 Universities of Göttingen (as a Tyndall Fellow)
- 1895-1897 Berlin
doctor father: Max Planck
- 1898-1907 professor at the University of Colorado Boulder
- 1908-1913 at the laboratory of Pierre and Marie Curie in Paris
- 1913-1917 assistant professor of physics at Harvard University
- 1917-1934 professor of biophysics at Harvard University
- X-ray spectroscopy, Duane-Hunt law, relating the minimum wavelength of X-rays to the threshold voltage of the cathode rays that excite them; and Duane's hypothesis of quantized translative momemtum transfer.
Starting in 1925, Duane began suffering a continual decline in health brought on by diabetes. This culminated in his death on 7 March 1935 due to his second paralytic stroke.
Honours and awards
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- "Comstock Prize in Physics". National Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 13 February 2011.
- Biography/Bibliography by Nobel Laureate P.W. Bridgman
- Britannica article on Duane-Hunt law
- Duane's "Radon Cow" described
- The Birth of Nuclear Medicine Instrumentation: Blumgart and Yens, 1925 -- Patton 44 (8): 1362 -- The Journal of Nuclear Medicine
- Outline of history of nuclear medicine
- The Transfer in Quanta of Radiation Momentum to Matter -- Duane 9 (5): 158 -- Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- Discussion of Duane's quantum theory of diffraction in History of Twentieth-Century Philosophy of Science by Thomas J. Hickey with free downloads