William Edward Baxter
William Edward Baxter
|Financial Secretary to the Treasury|
17 March 1871 – 11 August 1873
|Prime Minister||William Ewart Gladstone|
|Preceded by||James Stansfeld|
|Succeeded by||John George Dodson|
|Died||10 August 1890(aged 64–65)|
|Political party||Liberal later Liberal Unionists|
|Alma mater||University of Edinburgh|
William Edward Baxter (1825 – 10 August 1890) was a Scottish businessman, Liberal politician and travel writer.
Background and education
Born in Dundee, Angus, Baxter was educated at the High School of Dundee and Edinburgh University. He was the son of Edward Baxter, a benefactor and reformer who had opposed the corn laws. He became a partner in his father's firm of Edward Baxter & Co. (afterwards W. E. Baxter & Co.).
Baxter was Liberal Member of Parliament for Montrose Burghs from 1855 to 1885, and served under William Ewart Gladstone as Secretary to the Admiralty from 1868 to 1871 and as Financial Secretary to the Treasury from 1871 to 1873. He was appointed a Privy Councillor in 1873. He was also President of the first day of the 1883 Co-operative Congress.
William Edward Baxter was the grandson of William Baxter, the founder of the Baxter Brothers textile business. His uncle, Sir David Baxter, was a noted businessman and philanthropist and his aunt, Mary Ann Baxter was the co-founder of University College, Dundee.
W. E. Baxter's eldest son was Edward Armitstead Baxter who married Isobel Scott-Elliot. His second son, Sir George Washington Baxter (1853–1926), followed his father into politics, being a leading figure in the Unionist Party in Scotland in the early twentieth century. In 1908 he sought election in Dundee as a Liberal Unionist candidate, but was defeated by the Liberal Winston Churchill. Sir George, was active in the running of the Liberal Unionist and Unionist Parties in Dundee, served as President of the Scottish Unionist Association in 1920. Sir George also continued the family involvement with University College, serving as its president.
Baxter published various works on foreign travel.
- Impressions of Central and Southern Europe, London, 1850, 8vo.
- The Tagus and the Tiber, or Notes of Travel in Portugal, Spain, and Italy, London, 1852, 2 vols. 8vo.
- America and the Americans, London, 1855, 8vo.
- Hints to Thinkers, or Lectures for the Times, London, 1860, 8vo.
In November 1847, he married Janet, eldest daughter of J. Home Scott, a solicitor of Dundee. By her he had two sons and five daughters.
- Kenneth Baxter (2011). "Mary Ann Baxter:Philanthropist and Founder of University College Dundee". Ten Taysiders. Forgotten Figures from Dundee Angus and Perthshire. Dundee: Abertay Historical Society. p. 31. ISBN 978-0-900019-48-7.
- Carlyle 1901.
- "No. 23961". The London Gazette. 25 March 1873. p. 1645.
- "Congress Presidents 1869–2002" (PDF). February 2002. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 May 2008. Retrieved 10 May 2008
- "Death of the Right Hon. W. E. Baxter Ex-MP". The Scotsman. 11 August 1890.
- Kenneth Baxter (2011). "Mary Ann Baxter:Philanthropist and Founder of University College Dundee". Ten Taysiders. Forgotten Figures from Dundee Angus and Perthshire. Dundee: Abertay Historical Society. p. 32. ISBN 978-0-900019-48-7.
- "MS 369 Baxter Family Wills, Legal Papers and Related Material". Archive Services Online catalogue. University of Dundee. Retrieved 12 April 2016.
- Hazel, John W. (1977). John W Hazel's Book of Records. Dundee: D. Winter & Son Ltd. p. 48.
- "MS 270 The Dundee Conservative and Unionist Association". Archive Services Online Catalogue. University of Dundee. Retrieved 24 May 2016.
- Warner, Gerald (1988). The Scottish Tory Party. A History. London: George Weidenfeld & Nicolson Limited. p. 228. ISBN 0-297-79101-X.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by William Edward Baxter
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "M" (part 3)
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament for Montrose Burghs
1855 – 1885
John Shiress Will
Lord Henry Lennox
| First Secretary to the Admiralty
(Parliamentary Secretary to the Admiralty)
| Financial Secretary to the Treasury
John George Dodson