William Edwy Vine
William Edwy Vine (1873 to 1949), commonly known as W.E. Vine, was an English Biblical scholar, theologian, and writer, most famous for Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words.
Vine was born in the second quarter of 1873, in Blandford Forum, Dorset. His father ran the Mount Radford School, which moved to Exeter in 1875, and it was in this location that Vine was raised. He became a Christian at an early age and was baptised in the Plymouth Brethren assembly in Fore Street, Exeter. At 17, Vine became a teacher at his father's school, before moving to Aberystwyth to study at the University College of Wales. He later completed his education at the University of London, receiving a BA and MA in Ancient Classics in 1906. Vine married Phoebe Baxendale in the 3rd quarter of 1899 in Lancashire, Phoebe's home county. In 1909, he accepted a job at the office of Echoes of Service, a missionary-support service and magazine based in Bath. In 1911, the service moved permanently to Widcombe Crescent, Bath. The 1911 census shows Vine as the Vice Principal of Mount Radford School in St Leonards, Exeter. Vine dedicated himself to his work with missionaries around the world and was firm in his doctrine and practice:
"In the mind of God the grand ultimate object of missionary activity is the planting of churches.. The Head of the church who gave His instructions to His Apostles.. .on record for us in the Scriptures, gave therein a body of truth and principles adapted to every age, generation and condition. The pattern is complete, and exhibits the divine wisdom in every part. Human tampering has only marred it in its working... It is incumbent upon all who profess the Christian faith to respect the plainly revealed intentions of the Head of the church, instead of burdening it with doctrines and regulations of human fabrication."
At this time, Vine was an Elder in the assembly at Manvers Hall, Bath, a position that he held for 40 years. He was diagnosed with heart disease in 1927, but lived until 1949.
Vine began his writing career in 1905, when he conducted a correspondence course, along with C.F. Hogg, for 1 Thessalonians and Galatians. He is best known for his work Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words, first published in four parts in 1940. This lexicon traces the words of the King James Version of the Holy Bible back to their Ancient koine Greek root words and to the meanings of the words for that day. Vine also wrote a number of commentaries and books on biblical subjects.
- Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
- New Testament Greek Grammar
- The Epistle To The Romans
- 1 Corinthians
- The Epistle To The Galatians
- Expository Commentary on Isaiah
- Expository Commentary on John
- THE BRETHREN WRITERS HALL OF FAME
- Biography at PlymouthBrethren.org
- Vine, W.E., Expository Dictionary of New Testament Works, HarperCollins, 1947, ISBN 0-551-00282-4
- Vine, W.E., New Testament Greek Grammar, Zondervan 1947, ISBN 0-551-00333-2
- Vine, W.E., The Epistle To The Romans, Pickering & Inglis, 1935
- Vine, W.E., 1 Corinthians, Oliphants, 1951
- Vine, W.E. & Hogg, C.F., The Epistle To The Galatians, Kregel 1921
- Vine, W.E., Expository Commentary on Isaiah, Thomas Nelson, 1997, ISBN 0-7852-1233-7
- Vine, W.E., Expository Commentary on John, Thomas Nelson, 1997, ISBN 0-7852-1234-5