William Eliot, 2nd Earl of St Germans

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William Eliot, 2nd Earl of St Germans (1 April 1767 – 19 January 1845), known as William Elliot until 1823, was a British diplomat and politician.

Port Eliot, St Germans, the Eliot family seat

Eliot was born at Port Eliot, Cornwall, the third son of Edward Craggs-Eliot, 1st Baron Eliot and his wife Catherine (née Elliston). He was educated at Pembroke College, Cambridge, taking an M.A. in 1786.[1]

From November 1791 until 1793 he was a Secretary of Legation at Berlin, from 1793 to 1794 Secretary of Embassy and Minister Plenipotentiary at The Hague and from 1796 Minister Plenipotentiary to the Elector Palatine and to the Diet of Ratisbon. Eliot also sat as Tory Member of Parliament for St Germans from 1791 to 1802 and for Liskeard from 1802 to 1823 and served as a Lord of the Admiralty from 1800 to 1804 and as Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs from 1804 to 1805. In 1823 he succeeded his elder brother as second Earl of St Germans and entered the House of Lords.


Lord St Germans married four times.

  • On 30 November 1797 at Trentham, Staffordshire to Lady Georgiana Augusta Leveson-Gower (13 April 1769 – 24 March 1806). Georgiana was the daughter of Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Marquess of Stafford. They had one son and three daughters:
    • Edward Granville Eliot, 3rd Earl of St Germans (29 August 1798 – 7 October 1877)
    • Lady Caroline Georgina Eliot (27 July 1799 – April 1865)
    • Lady Susan Caroline Eliot (12 April 1801 – 15 January 1835)
    • Lady Charlotte Sophia Eliot (28 May 1802 – 8 July 1839)
  • On 13 February 1809 at Heytesbury, Wiltshire, to Letitia A'Court (d. 20 January 1810), with no issue.
  • On 7 March 1812 at the Earl of Powis' House, Berkeley Square, London, to Charlotte Robinson (1790 – 3 July 1813), with no issue.
  • On 30 August 1814 at Walton, Warwickshire, to Susan Mordaunt (d. 5 February 1830), with no issue.


  1. ^ "Eliot, William (ELT784W)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.

External links[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Marquess of Lorne
Edward James Eliot
Member of Parliament for St Germans
With: Marquess of Lorne 1791–1796
Lord Grey of Groby 1796–1802
Succeeded by
(Parliament of Great Britain abolished)
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
(self in Parliament of Great Britain)
Member of Parliament for St Germans
With: Lord Grey of Groby 1796–1802
Succeeded by
Lord Binning
James Langham
Preceded by
John Eliot
Lord Dunmore
Member of Parliament for Liskeard
With: John Eliot 1802–1804
William Huskisson 1804–1807
Viscount Hamilton 1807–1812
Charles Philip Yorke 1812–1818
Sir William Henry Pringle 1818–1823
Succeeded by
Sir William Henry Pringle
Lord Eliot
Political offices
Preceded by
Charles Arbuthnot
Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
Succeeded by
Robert Ward
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
John Eliot
Earl of St Germans
Succeeded by
Edward Granville Eliot