William Ellery Channing (poet)

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William Ellery Channing
William Ellery Channing, 1817–1901
William Ellery Channing, 1817–1901
Born November 29, 1818
Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died December 23, 1901(1901-12-23) (aged 83)
Concord, Massachusetts, United States
Resting place Sleepy Hollow Cemetery, Concord
Occupation Poet
Spouse Ellen K. Fuller Channing
Children Margaret Fuller Channing (1844–1932; m. Thatcher Loring); Caroline Sturgis Channing (1846–1917; m. Follen Cabot); Walter Channing (1849–1921; m. Anna Morse); Giovanni Eugene Channing (b. 1853; m. Florence Thompson); Edward Perkins Channing (1856–1931; m. Alice Thatcher)

William Ellery Channing (November 29, 1818 – December 23, 1901) was an American Transcendentalist poet, nephew of the Unitarian preacher Dr. William Ellery Channing. (His namesake uncle was usually known as "Dr. Channing", while the nephew was commonly called "Ellery Channing", in print.) The younger Ellery Channing was thought brilliant but undisciplined by many of his contemporaries. Amos Bronson Alcott famously said of him in 1871, "Whim, thy name is Channing." Nevertheless, the Transcendentalists thought his poetry among the best of their group's literary products.

Life and work[edit]

Channing was born in Boston, Massachusetts to Dr. Walter Channing, a physician and Harvard Medical School professor. He attended Boston Latin School and later the Round Hill School in Northampton, Massachusetts, then entered Harvard University in 1834, but did not graduate. In 1839 he lived for some months in Woodstock, Illinois in a log hut that he built; in 1840 he moved to Cincinnati. In the fall of 1842 he married Ellen Fuller, the younger sister of transcendentalist Margaret Fuller[1] and they began their married life in Concord, Massachusetts where they lived a half-mile north of The Old Manse as Nathaniel Hawthorne's neighbor.

Channing wrote to Thoreau in a letter: “I see nothing for you on this earth but that field which I once christened ‘Briars’; go out upon that, build yourself a hut, and there begin the grand process of devouring yourself alive. I see no alternative, no other hope for you.”[2] Thoreau adopted this advice, and shortly after built his famous dwelling beside Walden Pond. Some speculation identifies Channing as the “Poet” of Thoreau's Walden; the two were frequent walking companions.

In 1843 he moved to a hill-top in Concord, some distance from the village, and published his first volume of poems, reprinting several from The Dial. Thoreau called his literary style “sublimo-slipshod”. The printing of a compilation of these poems was subsidized by Samuel Gray Ward.[3]

In 1844–1845, Channing separated from his family and restarted his wandering, unanchored life. He first spent some months in New York City as a writer for the Tribune, after which he made a journey to Europe for several months. In 1846 he returned to Concord and lived alone on the main street, opposite the house occupied by the Thoreau family and then by Alcott. During much of this time he had no fixed occupation, though for a while, in 1855–1856, he was one of the editors of the New Bedford Mercury. After enumerating his various wanderings, places of residence, and rare intervals of employment, his housemate Franklin Benjamin Sanborn wrote of him:

In 1873, Channing was the first biographer of Thoreau, publishing Thoreau, the Poet-Naturalist.[4]

When visiting the Emersons in 1876, the young poet Emma Lazarus met Channing and accompanied him on a tour of some of the places Thoreau had loved, stating in her journal in regard to the friendship between Thoreau and Channing that

Channing gave Henry Thoreau’s compass to Emma Lazarus.[5]

Death[edit]

Channing's grave

Channing died 23 December 1901 in Concord, at the home of Franklin Benjamin Sanborn, where he had spent the final ten years of his life. He is buried at Sleepy Hollow Cemetery, Concord on Authors’ Ridge directly facing his longtime friend Thoreau. Frank Sanborn paid for Channing’s burial plot.[6]

In a 19 July 1902, Springfield Republican article, Frank Sanborn states,

In a later Republican column, Sanborn informs:

Criticism[edit]

Critic Edgar Allan Poe was particularly harsh in reviewing Channing's poetry in a series of articles titled "Our Amateur Poets" published in Graham's Magazine in 1843. He wrote, "It may be said in his favor that nobody ever heard of him. Like an honest woman, he has always succeeded in keeping himself from being made the subject of gossip".[10][a] A critic for the Daily Forum in Philadelphia agreed with Poe, though he was surprised Poe bothered reviewing Channing at all. He wrote:

Mr. Poe, the most hyper-critical writer of this meridian, cuts the poetry of William Ellery Channing Junior, if not into inches, at least into feet. Mr. C’s poetry is very trashy, and we should as soon expect to hear Bryant writing sonnets on a lollypop as to see Mr. Poe gravely attempt to criticize the volume.[11]

Nathaniel Hawthorne metaphorically appraised Channing’s oeuvre as of particularly high quality, if uneven, in the short story "Earth’s Holocaust".[12]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ In this article, Poe mistakes W. Ellery Channing to be the son of, rather than nephew of William E. Channing and voices his views as “we” (the Society in Baltimore) rather than “I”.Poe, Edgar Allan. "William Ellery Channing". 

References[edit]

  1. ^ Channing, W. Ellery. Poems of Sixty-Five Years. introduction by Sanborn, F.B., 1902-02-01, p. xxii – via Google Books. 
  2. ^ Channing, W. Ellery. William Ellery Channing Letters, 1836-1845. 
  3. ^ Smith, Harmon (1999). My Friend, My Friend: The story of Thoreau's relationship with Emerson. University of Massachusetts Press. p. 85. ISBN 1-55849-186-4. 
  4. ^ Channing, William Ellery (1873). Thoreau, the Poet-Naturalist. 
  5. ^ a b McGill, Frederick T. Jr. (1967). Channing of Concord: A Life of William Ellery Channing II. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press. p. 169. 
  6. ^ Sanborn, Frank B. (1981). Cameron, Kenneth Walter, ed. Ungathered Poems and Transcendental Papers. Hartford, CT: Transcendental Books. p. 215. 
  7. ^ Sanborn, Frank B. (March 1902). "Ellery Channing in New Hampshire". The Granite Monthly. Vol. XXXII no. 3. 
  8. ^ Sanborn, Frank B. (19 July 1902). "[newspaper column by F.B. Sanborn]". The Springfield Republican. p. 11, cols. 1–3. 
  9. ^ Sanborn, Frank B. (20 August 1913). "[newspaper column by F.B. Sanborn]". The Springfield Republican. p. 15, cols. 1–2. 
  10. ^ Sova, Dawn B. (2001). Edgar Allan Poe: A to Z. New York, NY: Checkmark Books. p. 178. ISBN 0-8160-4161-X. 
  11. ^ Thomas, Dwight; Jackson, David K. (1987). The Poe Log: A documentary life of Edgar Allan Poe 1809–1849. New York, NY: G.K. Hall & Co. p. 432. ISBN 0-7838-1401-1. 
  12. ^ Cowley, Malcolm, ed. (1985). The Portable Hawthorne (Revised and expanded ed.). New York: Viking Press. p. 634. ISBN 0517478579. 

External links[edit]