William Fermor, 1st Baron Leominster

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William Fermor, 1st Baron Leominster.jpg
Lord Leominster, by Godfrey Kneller
Personal details
Born 3 August 1648
Died December 7, 1711(1711-12-07) (aged 63)
Nationality English
Occupation Politician
Known for Construction of Easton Neston

William Fermor, 1st Baron Leominster (also Lempster; 3 August 1648 – 7 December 1711), styled as Sir William Fermor, 2nd Baronet from 1661 to 1692, was an English politician and peer.[1]

Biography[edit]

Fermor was the second but eldest surviving son of Sir William Fermor, 1st Baronet (also spelt Farmer), of Easton Neston, Northamptonshire, by Mary, daughter of Hugh Perry of London and widow of Henry Noel, second son of Edward Noel, 2nd Viscount Campden.[2]

Fermor was educated at Magdalen College, Oxford. He succeeded as second baronet in 1661, was elected MP for Northampton in 1671 and again in 1679.[1]

He was elevated to the peerage, 12 April 1692, by the title of Baron Leominster (or Lempster) of Leominster, Herefordshire.[2]

Easton Neston[edit]

Main article: Easton Neston

Leominster built the house and planned the gardens and plantations at Easton Neston. The house was completed by Nicholas Hawksmoor in 1702, about 20 years after the erection of the wings by Sir Christopher Wren. He adorned the whole with part of the Arundel marbles which he had purchased and which his son attempted to restore with the assistance of the Italian sculptor Giovanni Battista Guelfi, a scholar of Camillo Rusconi.[3] The collection was afterwards greatly neglected. "Coming back," writes Horace Walpole to George Montagu on 20 May 1736, "we saw Easton Neston, where in an old greenhouse is a wonderful fine statue of Tully haranguing a numerous assembly of decayed emperors, vestal virgins with new noses, Colossus's, Venus's, headless carcases, and carcaseless heads, pieces of tombs, and hieroglyphics." The marbles were presented in 1755 to the University of Oxford by Henrietta Louisa, countess of Pomfret. A description of Easton Neston and its art treasures is included in the Catalogue of the Duke of Buckingham's Pictures.[4]

Marriage and issue[edit]

Leominster was thrice married.[1][2][5] Firstly, he married Jane Barker, daughter of Andrew Barker of Fairford, Gloucestershire, with whom he had a daughter:

  • The Hon. Elizabeth Leominster, who died unmarried in March 1705

Secondly, he marred the Hon. Catherine Poulett, daughter of John Poulett, 3rd Baron Poulett, by whom he had:

Thirdly, he married Lady Sophia Osborne (1661–1746), daughter of Thomas Osborne, 1st Duke of Leeds and Lady Bridget Bertie, daughter of Montagu Bertie, 2nd Earl of Lindsey. Lady Sophie was the widow of Donough, Lord Ibrackan, grandson and heir of Henry O'Brien, 7th Earl of Thomond. They had five children:

Leominster died on 7 December 1711, and was succeeded by his only son, Thomas, who was advanced to an earldom 27 December 1721 by the title of Earl of Pomfret, or Pontefract, Yorkshire.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "FERMOR (FARMER), Sir William, 2nd Bt. (1648-1711), of Easton Neston, Northants. and Leicester Fields, Westminster". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 24 December 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d Debrett, John (1840). Debrett's Peerage of England, Scotland, and Ireland. revised, corrected and continued by G.W. Collen. p. 578. Retrieved 24 December 2016. 
  3. ^ Guelfi was brought to England by Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington, the 'architect earl'. (James Lees-Milne, The Earls of Creation, 1962:95, 97).
  4. ^ Catalogue of the Duke of Buckingham's Pictures, 4to, London, 1758 (pp. 53–66).
  5. ^ Debrett, John (1848). Debrett's Peerage of England, Scotland, and Ireland. revised, corrected and continued by G.W. Collen. p. 578. Retrieved 25 December 2016. 

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain"Fermor, William (d.1711)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. 

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Hon. Christopher Hatton
Sir Henry Yelverton, Bt
Member of Parliament for Northampton
1670–1679
With: Lord Ibrackan 1670-1678
Hon. Ralph Montagu 1678
Sir Hugh Cholmeley, Bt 1679
Succeeded by
William Langham
Hon. Ralph Montagu
Peerage of England
New creation Baron Leominster
1692–1711
Succeeded by
Thomas Fermor
Baronetage of England
Preceded by
William Fermor
Baronet
of Easton Neston
1661–1711
Succeeded by
Thomas Fermor