William Michael Foran (February 4, 1871 – November 30, 1945) was an ice hockey executive, Stanley Cup trustee and government official. For over 50 years, he was secretary of the Board of Civil Service Examiners and its follow-up organization, the Civil Service Commission of the Government of Canada.
Mr. Foran served as the secretary for the Board of Civil Service Examiners for the Government of Canada from 1896 to 1908. In 1908 the Board was re-organized and Mr. Foran was the founding secretary of the Civil Service Commission, (CSC) the branch of government in charge of civil service appointments through competitive examinations. He served for over 30 years in the post, and was responsible for negotiations between the CSC and parliament over civil service reform in the Civil Service Act of 1918.
In 1915 he was elected vice-president of the Civil Service Assembly of the United States and Canada, and in the following year became its president. The Assembly during those years served as a medium for the spread of ideas of civil service reform and scientific management. He was secretary of the CSC until 1939, when he retired.
Ice Hockey career
He was the president of the Ottawa Capitals hockey club and the Federal Amateur Hockey League when he was named Stanley Cup trustee on May 6, 1907. He succeeded John Sweetland who had served as trustee from the trophy's commissioning in 1893. He served as trustee for the Stanley Cup until his death on November 30, 1945. In 1929, he became president of the Ottawa Senators.
Notable trustee activities
In 1907, while acting trustee for P. D. Ross and John Sweetland, Mr. Foran became involved in the challenge series between the Montreal Wanderers and the Kenora Thistles. The Thistles had won the Cup from the Wanderers in a January challenge. The Wanderers would win their league and intended to challenge Kenora for the Cup. As the Eastern Canada Amateur Hockey Association (ECAHA) season was over, two players from Ottawa, Rat Westwick and Alf Smith were signed by Kenora, and used in the final playoff for the Manitoba Pro Hockey League. Mr. Foran ruled that both players were ineligible for play in the challenge against Montreal. The series went ahead anyway, with Mr. Foran threatening to take back the Cup, but rescinded his threat as Montreal won the series "under protest."
In 1914, the Toronto Blueshirts won the National Hockey Association (NHA) title. The team played the Victoria Aristocrats, champions of the Pacific Coast Hockey Association (PCHA) in a best-of-five series. Victoria had not submitted a formal challenge to the Stanley Cup trustees and Mr. Foran and P. D. Ross ruled that the series would not decide the Stanley Cup. The misunderstanding was cleared up and the series was deemed official. In the off-season, the trustees notified the NHL and the PCHA that the trustees would accept whatever arrangements the two leagues would organize. This led to an annual finals series between each league's champions to decide the Stanley Cup. From that point on, the NHL and PCHA, and later the WCHL would decide the format of the Stanley Cup playoffs.
In 1915, Mr. Foran and Mr. Ross ruled that the Cup had become synonymous with the "World's Championship" of ice hockey, and that American teams would be eligible to play for the Stanley Cup. This changed the initial conditions that Lord Stanley himself put down, stating that the Cup was for the Canadian championship.
In 1931, Mr. Foran became involved in a challenge made by the American Hockey League (AHL) to play the National Hockey League (NHL) champion. He accepted the challenge, but the NHL refused to play the challenge. President Calder of the NHL rejected the challenge, stating that the AHL was a "rogue" league. The AHL would later agree to become a minor league, affiliated with the NHL. Mr. Foran would be fired from the presidency of the Ottawa Senators over this dispute.
- Coleman, Charles (1966). The Trail of the Stanley Cup, vol. 1, 1893-1926 inc. Kendall/Hunt. ISBN 0-8403-2941-5.
- Coleman, Charles (1969). The Trail of the Stanley Cup, vol. 2, 1927-1946 inc. National Hockey League.
- Holzman, Morey; Nieforth, Joseph (2002). Deceptions and Doublecross: How the NHL conquered hockey. Dundurn Press. ISBN 1-55002-413-2.
- "PSC:Biography of an Institution, Chapter Two - The Early Civil Service Commission". Archived from the original on 2007-11-23. Retrieved 2008-02-13.
- "PSC:Biography of an Institution, Chapter Three". Archived from the original on 2007-11-23. Retrieved 2008-02-13.
- "PSC:Biography of an Institution, Chapter Seven". Archived from the original on 2007-07-25. Retrieved 2008-02-13.
- Coleman(1969), pg. 82
- Coleman(1966), pp. 145-146
- "Will Also Speak at Quilty Dinner". Ottawa Citizen. May 3, 1941. p. 10. Retrieved July 27, 2011.