William George Browne
William George Browne (25 July 1768 – 1813) was an English traveller, whose journey took him through Egypt and the Near East. He published a book of his travels in 1799. Browne was murdered while attempting to reach Tehran.
Browne was born at Great Tower Hill, London. At seventeen he was sent to Oriel College, Oxford. Having had a moderate inheritance left him by his father, on quitting the university he applied himself entirely to literary pursuits. But the fame of James Bruce's travels, and of the first discoveries made by the African Association, made him determined to become an explorer of Central Africa. He went first to Egypt, arriving at Alexandria in January 1792. He spent some time in visiting the oasis of Siwa or Jupiter Ammon, and employed the remainder of the year in studying Arabic and in examining the ruins of Ancient Egypt.
In the spring of 1793 he visited Sinai, and in May set out for Darfur, joining the great caravan which every year went by the desert route from Egypt to that country. This was his most important journey, in which he acquired a great variety of original information. He was forcibly detained by the sultan of Darfur and endured much hardship, being unable to effect his purpose of returning by Ethiopia (then known as Abyssinia). He was, however, allowed to return to Egypt with the caravan in 1796; after this he spent a year in Syria, and did not arrive in London till September 1798.
In 1800 Browne again left England, and spent three years in visiting Greece, some parts of Asia Minor and Sicily. In 1812 he once more set out for the East, proposing to penetrate to Samarkand and survey the most interesting regions of central Asia. He spent the winter in Smyrna, and in the spring of 1813 travelled through Asia Minor and Armenia, made a short stay at Erzurum, and arrived on the June 1 at Tabriz. About the end of the summer of 1813 he left Tabriz for Tehran, intending to proceed further eastwards, but was shortly afterwards murdered. Some bones, believed to be his, were afterwards found and interred near the grave of Jean de Thévenot, the French traveller.
In 1799 Browne published his Travels in Africa, Egypt and Syria, from the years 1792 to 1798. While informative, the dry style of his book prevented it from becoming popular.
Robert Walpole published, from papers left by Browne, an account of Browne's journey in 1802 through Asia Minor to Antioch and Cyprus in the second volume of his Memoirs relating to European and Asiatic Turkey (1820); also Remarks written at Constantinople (1802).
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Browne, William George". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- Wyatt, Edmund In the Paths of Dangerous Fame: The Life and Travels of the Explorer W.G. Browne (Create Space, 2016)
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Browne, William George.|
- "Browne, William George (1768-1813)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
- William George Browne (1799): Travels in Africa, Egypt and Syria From the year 1792 to 1798. The full text.