William Compton, 5th Marquess of Northampton
William George Spencer Scott Compton, 5th Marquess of Northampton, KG (23 April 1851 – 15 June 1913), known as Lord William Compton from 1877 to 1887 and as Earl Compton from 1887 to 1897, was a British peer and Liberal politician.
Northampton was born at Castle Ashby, Northamptonshire, the second son of Admiral William Compton, 4th Marquess of Northampton, and his wife Eliza (née Elliot). He was educated at Eton College and Trinity College, Cambridge, where he graduated as B.A..
He received the courtesy title of Earl Compton in 1887 on the death of his elder brother.
Diplomatic and political career
He served in the Diplomatic Service as Second Secretary to the British embassies in Paris, Rome and St Petersburg. He then served as Private Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, the Earl Cowper, between 1880 and 1882, and was elected to the House of Commons for Stratford-on-Avon in December 1885. He held this seat until July the following year and then sat for Barnsley from 1889 to 1897. In the latter year Northampton succeeded his father in the marquessate and entered the House of Lords.
Northampton, who was a major landowner in Clerkenwell and north London, was elected a founder member of London County Council for Finsbury in 1889, then served as County Alderman from 1892 to 1895. He was J.P. for the counties of Warwickshire and Northamptonshire.
He was later Special Envoy to Foreign Courts to announce the accession of King George V in 1910 and served as Lord Lieutenant of Warwickshire from 1912 to 1913. He was made a Knight of the Garter in 1908 and was also a Knight of Grace of the Order of St John of Jerusalem.
Lord William Compton married, in 1884, the Hon. Mary Florence Baring, daughter and heiress of William Baring, 2nd Baron Ashburton and his wife, Louisa, Lady Ashburton. They had three children. Lady Northampton died at Castle Ashby on 1 June 1902, aged 41, following a long illness from progressive paralysis.
Lord Northampton survived her by eleven years and died, suddenly, at Acqui, Piedmont, Italy in June 1913, aged 62. He was buried at Castle Ashby, and succeeded in his titles by his eldest son, William.
- The Complete Peerage, Volume IX. St Catherine's Press, London. 1936. p. 688.
- The Complete Peerage, Volume IX. p. 689.
- Kelly's Handbook to the Titled, Landed and Official Classes, 1913. Kelly's. p. 1291.
- "Obituary - the Marchioness of Northampton". The Times (36784). London. 3 June 1902. p. 10.
- Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990.
- Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages [self-published source][better source needed]
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Lord Compton
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|New constituency||Member of Parliament for Stratford-on-Avon
Courtney Stanhope Kenny
|Member of Parliament for Barnsley
The Marquess of Hertford
|Lord Lieutenant of Warwickshire
1912 – 1913
The Earl of Craven
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|Marquess of Northampton
1897 – 1913
William Bingham Compton