William Godfrey

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William Godfrey
Cardinal, Archbishop of Westminster
Cardinal William Godfrey.jpg
ProvinceWestminster
DioceseWestminster
Appointed3 December 1956
Term ended22 January 1963
PredecessorBernard Griffin
SuccessorJohn Carmel Heenan
Other posts
Orders
Ordination28 October 1916
Consecration21 December 1938
by Raffaele Carlo Rossi
Created cardinal15 December 1958
RankCardinal-Priest
Personal details
Born(1889-07-25)25 July 1889
Liverpool, England
Died22 January 1963(1963-01-22) (aged 73)
London, England
BuriedWestminster Cathedral
NationalityBritish
DenominationRoman Catholic
ParentsGeorge and Mary Godfrey
Previous post
  • Titular Archbishop of Cius (1938-1953)
  • Apostolic Delegate to Great Britain (1938-1953)
  • Official to Poland (1943-1953)
  • Archbishop of Liverpool (1953–1956)

William Godfrey (1889–1963) was an English Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Westminster from 1956 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1958.[1]

Biography[edit]

William Godfrey was born in Liverpool to George and Mary Godfrey. His father was a haulage contractor.[2] He leaned towards the priesthood from an early age, never taking any alternative into serious consideration.[3] After studying at Ushaw College, Durham, and the English College, Rome, he was ordained a priest on 28 October 1916 in Rome. He then finished his studies in 1918, obtaining his doctorates in theology and philosophy in 1917, and did pastoral work in Liverpool until 1919. He taught Classics, Philosophy and Theology at Ushaw from 1918 to 1930, the year when he was appointed rector of the English College, Rome and given the title Monsignor (28 October). At the College, the strict priest was known to his students as "Uncle Bill". In 1935, Godfrey was made a member of the Pontifical Commission to Malta, and attended in an official capacity the 1937 coronation of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth.

On 21 November 1938, Mgr Godfrey was appointed Titular Archbishop of Cius and first Apostolic Delegate to Great Britain, Gibraltar and Malta. Godfrey, who was the first papal representative to England since the Reformation,[4] received his episcopal consecration on the following 21 December, in the chapel of the English College from Cardinal Raffaele Rossi, OCD, with Archbishop Luigi Traglia and Bishop Ralph Hayes serving as co-consecrators. He was also chargé d'affaires of the Holy See to the Polish government-in-exile in London in 1943. He left these diplomatic posts on 10 November 1953 when he was made Archbishop of Liverpool.

Pope Pius XII appointed Godfrey Archbishop of Westminster, and thus the ranking prelate of the Catholic Church in England and Wales, on 3 December 1956. During his installation, Godfrey condemned Communism and professed his mission as bringing England "back to the love of Christ".[3] He was vehemently opposed to birth control.[5] At one point in his tenure, he caused some mirth by calling for English Catholics to feed their pets less during Lent.[6]

Archbishop Godfrey was created Cardinal-Priest by Pope John XXIII in the consistory of 15 December 1958 and was assigned the title of Ss. Nereo ed Achilleo.

Godfrey, who enjoyed the piano and sports,[3] lived long enough to attend only the first session of the Second Vatican Council in 1962. In January 1963, he died from a heart attack in London, at age 73.[5][7] He is buried in Westminster Cathedral. His likeness was sculpted by Arthur Fleischmann.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Miranda, Salvador. "William Godfrey". The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
  2. ^ TIME Magazine. The New Cardinals 22 December 1958
  3. ^ a b c TIME Magazine. New Archbishop 18 February 1957
  4. ^ TIME Magazine. Pope & Democracy 5 December 1938
  5. ^ a b TIME Magazine. Milestones 1 February 1963
  6. ^ TIME Magazine. Lent for Man & Beast 24 February 1961
  7. ^ "Cardinal Dies". The Terre Haute Tribune. Terre Haute, IN. AP. 23 January 1963. Retrieved 12 December 2016 – via Newspapers.com. open access

External links[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Richard Downey
Archbishop of Liverpool
1953–1956
Succeeded by
John Carmel Heenan
Preceded by
Bernard Griffin
Archbishop of Westminster
1956–1963
Preceded by
Celso Benigno Luigi Costantini
Cardinal-Priest of Ss. Nereo ed Achilleo
1958–1963
Succeeded by
Thomas Cooray