William Gray (Massachusetts)
|9th Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts|
|Preceded by||David Cobb|
|Succeeded by||William Phillips, Jr.|
|Member of the|
Massachusetts State Senate
for Suffolk County
January 12, 1812 – March 1813
|Preceded by||Benjamin Gorham|
|Member of the|
Massachusetts House of Representatives
for Essex County
June 27, 1750 (old style; July 8, 1750 new style)|
November 4, 1825 (aged 75)|
|Resting place||Mount Auburn Cemetery|
William Gray (June 27, 1750 (old style; July 8, 1750 new style)– November 4, 1825) was a Massachusetts merchant and politician. Born into a lower-class family in Lynn, Massachusetts, he managed to build his own business and rise through the state's political ranks, becoming the richest man in New England, and in the eyes of many the richest man in all of America. Prior to the War of 1812, William Gray had the largest private fleet in the United States with 60 square-rigged vessels.
Gray first served as a state senator, before becoming the ninth Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts, serving from 1810 to 1812. He married Elizabeth Chipman (May, 1756 - September 24, 1823) in 1782. Elizabeth was a pioneer in philanthropy, volunteering a significant portion of her time to helping the poorest citizens of Boston.
Elizabeth and William's son, Francis Calley Gray, was also a politician.
- Gray, Edward.: William Gray, of Salem, merchant: a biographical sketch (.1914)
| Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts
William Phillips, Jr.
| Massachusetts State Senator
January 12, 1812–March 1813
|| Member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives