William Grover-Williams as the winner of the 1931 Belgian Grand Prix
|Died||February or March 1945 (aged 42)|
William Charles Frederick Grover-Williams (born William Charles Frederick Grover, 16 January 1903 – February or March 1945), also known as "W Williams", was a Grand Prix motor racing driver and special agent who worked for the Special Operations Executive (SOE) inside France. He organised and coordinated the Chestnut network. He was captured and executed by the Nazis.
Personal and early life
Grover-Williams was born in Montrouge, Hauts-de-Seine, France, on 16 January 1903 to Frederick and Hermance Grover. Frederick Grover was an English horse breeder who had settled in Montrouge. Frederick met a French girl, Hermance Dagan, and they were soon married. Their first child was Elizabeth, born in 1897. William had two other siblings – Alice and Frederic. Born to an English father and a French mother, Grover-Williams grew up fluent in both the French and English languages.
When William was eleven, he was sent to live with relatives in Hertfordshire, in the United Kingdom. After the war, Frederick Grover moved the family to Monte Carlo. It was there that William developed a fascination for automobiles, having been taught to drive a Rolls-Royce by his sister's boyfriend. Grover-Williams passed his driving test whilst in Monaco and was granted a licence. Mechanically inclined, and fascinated by motorised vehicles, at the age of 15, Grover-Williams acquired an Indian motorcycle and it became his pride and joy. He would later go on to compete in motorcycle races in the early 1920s, although he kept it secret from his family by adopting the pseudonym, "W Williams".
In 1919, the Irish portrait painter, William Orpen became the official artist of the Paris Peace Conference. Orpen bought a Rolls-Royce car and hired Grover-Williams, who had returned to Paris, as his chauffeur. At the time, Orpen had a mistress named Yvonne Aupicq. Aupicq and Grover-Williams became good friends and, after the collapse of Aupicq's relationship with Orpen, the pair were married in November 1929.
By 1926, Grover-Williams had begun racing a Bugatti in races throughout France, using the alias, "W Williams", entering the Grand Prix de Provence at Miramas and the Monte Carlo Rally. In 1928, he won the French Grand Prix, repeating in 1929. That same year, driving a Bugatti 35B, painted in what would become known as "British racing green", he won the inaugural Monaco Grand Prix beating the heavily favoured Mercedes of the great German driver, Rudolf Caracciola.
Successful financially, Grover-Williams and his wife maintained a home in a fashionable district of Paris while owning a large house in the resort town of La Baule, Pays de la Loire, on the Bay of Biscay, which was home to one of the annual Grand Prix races. In 1931, he won the Belgian Grand Prix at Spa-Francorchamps. He also won the Grand Prix de la Baule in three consecutive years (1931 to 1933). Then his career waned and he was out of racing by the latter part of the 1930s.
Second World War
Following the German occupation of France in the Second World War, Grover-Williams fled to England where he joined the Royal Army Service Corps. Due to his fluency in French and English, he was recruited into the Special Operations Executive (SOE) to foster the French Resistance. He recruited fellow racing driver Robert Benoist and together they worked in the Paris region to build up a successful circuit of operatives, forming sabotage cells and reception committees for Allied parachute operations.
On 2 August 1943, Grover-Williams was arrested by the Sicherheitsdienst and underwent lengthy interrogation before being deported to Berlin and was then held prisoner in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp.
There is a theory that Grover-Williams survived the war, and lived on under an assumed identity as "Georges Tambal" who allegedly lived with Grover-Williams' widow for many years, but there is no evidence for this.
Legacy and recognition
Grover-Williams is recorded on the Brookwood Memorial in Surrey, England, and as one of the SOE agents who died for the liberation of France, he is listed on the Valençay SOE Memorial's Roll of Honour in the French town of Valençay.
Grover-Williams was recommended for an Order of the British Empire by the head of the SOE, Major-General Colin Gubbins, in September 1945, but when it became clear that he had died the honour was not awarded.
A statue of Grover-Williams in his 1929 Monaco Grand Prix-winning Bugatti Type 35 is located at the first corner of the Circuit de Monaco (Sainte-Dévote Chapel). The statue is temporarily moved a couple of meters during the yearly Monaco Grand Prix and the biannual Monaco ePrix and Historic Grand Prix of Monaco.
Results and records
Grand Prix wins
|1928||French Grand Prix||Saint-Gaudens||Bugatti Type 35||Report|
|1929||Monaco Grand Prix||Monte Carlo||Bugatti Type 35||Report|
|French Grand Prix||Le Mans||Bugatti Type 35||Report|
|1931||Belgian Grand Prix †||Spa-Francorchamps||Bugatti Type 51||Report|
|Grand Prix de la Baule||La Baule||Bugatti Type 51||Report|
|1932||Grand Prix de la Baule||La Baule||Bugatti Type 51||Report|
|1933||Grand Prix de la Baule||La Baule||Bugatti Type 54||Report|
|† Grover-Williams shared a car with Caberto Conelli.|
Complete European Championship results
(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position)
|† Grover-Williams shared a car with Caberto Conelli.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to William Grover-Williams.|
- Ryan, Robert (2002). Early one morning. Headline. ISBN 978-0-7472-6873-4. (A novel based on Grover-Williams's life.)
- Saward, Joe (2006). The Grand Prix Saboteurs. Morienval Press. ISBN 978-0-9554868-0-7.
- Higham, Peter (1995). The Guinness Guide to International Motor Racing. Guinness Publishing. ISBN 0-85112-642-1.
- Saward. The Grand Prix Saboteurs. pp. 27, 317–318.
- Saward. The Grand Prix Saboteurs. p. 27.
- Saward. The Grand Prix Saboteurs. p. 28.
- Saward. The Grand Prix Saboteurs. p. 29.
- Saward. The Grand Prix Saboteurs. p. 30.
- Sometimes spelled Aubicque, see https://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/art/art-news/7691212/The-WWI-copy-thats-worth-250000.html
- Saward. The Grand Prix Saboteurs. p. 32.
- Saward. The Grand Prix Saboteurs. p. 39.
- Higham, Peter (1995). The Guinness Guide to International Motor Racing. Guinness Publishing. pp. 200–208, 542. ISBN 0-85112-642-1.
- Saward. The Grand Prix Saboteurs. pp. 317–318.
- "One of motor racing's greatest mysteries is solved", 7 March 2007, grandprix.com
- "Formula One: Uncovering the mystery of William Grover-Williams", Richard Bath, Sunday 27 May 2012, The Scotsman on Sunday
- "A different danger – three champions at war", Richard Armstrong, 12 May 2002, forix.com
- "Casualty Details: GROVER-WILLIAMS, WILLIAM CHARLES FREDERICK". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 4 January 2009.
- Saward. The Grand Prix Saboteurs. p. 343.
- "Saboteur Interview". IGN. 9 April 2007. Archived from the original on 2 May 2009. Retrieved 12 January 2009.
- "William Grover-Williams - Monaco - Statues of Historic Figures on Waymarking.com". www.waymarking.com. Retrieved 23 May 2019.