William H. Sebrell, Jr
William H. Sebrell Jr.
|7th Director of the National Institutes of Health|
October 1, 1950 – July 31, 1955
|President||Harry S. Truman|
Dwight D. Eisenhower
|Preceded by||Rolla Dyer|
|Succeeded by||James Augustine Shannon|
|Died||September 29, 1992|
Pompano Beach, Florida
|Education||University of Virginia|
William H. Sebrell Jr. (1901 – September 29, 1992) was an American nutritionist.
Sebrell joined the Public Health Service (PHS) in 1926. After completing an internship at the PHS Marine Hospital in New Orleans, Sebrell was assigned to the Hygienic Laboratory (as the National Institutes of Health was then known) in Washington, D.C.
A leading international authority on nutrition, Sebrell first recognized and described the dietary deficiency disease, ariboflavinosis, and made significant contributions to knowledge of dietary needs and deficiencies. He began his research career under Dr. Joseph Goldberger, who demonstrated that pellagra is a deficiency disease. During the 1930s, Sebrell made many contributions to knowledge of the anemias and the role of diet in cirrhosis.
During World War II, Sebrell was co-director of the National Nutrition Program, which coordinated activities of all state agencies working in nutrition. This program aided food production and the maintenance of civilian health during the war years. In 1948 he became director of the Experimental Biology and Medicine Institute, and on October 1, 1950, he was appointed director of NIH. He held this post until his retirement on July 31, 1955.
Sebrell helped to formulate the first international standards of nutrition for the League of Nations and pioneered the growing acceptance of scientific nutrition as a regular function of modern state and local health departments.
- "Sebrell, William H." Onih.pastperfectonline.com. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
- "William Henry Sebrell, Jr., M.D." National Institutes of Health (NIH). 6 August 2015. Retrieved 1 April 2019. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- Dunn, Marietta Fogel (June 14, 1973). "Doctor Works Toward Thinner World". The Kansas City Times. Missouri, Kansas City. p. 37 B. Retrieved 10 April 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Weight Watchers, Something New". The Tribune. Ohio, Coshocton. April 12, 1971. p. 5. Retrieved 10 April 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- Lambert, Bruce (30 September 1992). "Dr. W. Henry Sebrell, 91, Expert On Nutrition and Use of Vitamins". Nytimes.com. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
|7th Director of the National Institutes of Health
1950 – 1955
James Augustine Shannon