William H. Wharton

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William Harris Wharton
Wharton TX History Marker.JPG
Wharton County, Texas was named for William H. Wharton and his brother John A. Wharton
Texas Senator
In office
Personal details
Born (1802-04-27)April 27, 1802
Died March 14, 1839(1839-03-14) (aged 36)
Hempstead, Texas
Spouse(s) Sarah Ann Groce
Profession Senator

William Harris Wharton (April 27, 1802 – March 14, 1839) was an early colonist, political leader, diplomat, senator and orator in Texas.

Early life and family[edit]

Wharton was born in Virginia and was raised by an uncle following the deaths of his parents. He graduated from the University of Nashville and was admitted to the Tennessee bar in 1826. Wharton moved to Texas, and on December 5, 1827, married Sarah Ann Groce, the daughter of a wealthy landowner. Their only child was a son, John A. Wharton (1828–1865), who served in the American Civil War as a Confederate major general. They established a farm known as "Eagle Island Plantation."[1]

Texas Revolution[edit]

Wharton served as a delegate to the Convention of 1832 from the District of Victoria. The convention had unanimously elected William Wharton to deliver the resolutions to the Coahuila y Tejas legislature in Saltillo and to the Mexican Congress in Mexico City.[2] Following that convention's unsuccessful attempts to form a new state separate from Coahuila y Tejas (then a part of Mexico), he served as president of the follow-up Convention of 1833 and openly advocated complete independence from Mexico, in contrast to the moderate view held by native Texans and Stephen F. Austin. He later served as a delegate from the Columbia district to the Texas Consultation of 1835.

Wharton entered military service during the Texas Revolution, serving as a colonel and judge advocate general. He participated in the siege of San Antonio de Bexar. Shortly thereafter, he was appointed as one of three commissioners to the United States to secure aid for the Texians.

Texas senator[edit]

After the revolution resulted in the formation of the Republic of Texas in 1836, Wharton supported Austin's unsuccessful candidacy for president, losing to Sam Houston. Wharton served as a member of the new republic's Senate from the District of Brazoria in 1836.

In November, President Houston appointed Wharton as minister to the United States, hoping to secure political recognition and possible annexation. Returning to Texas in 1837 by sea, Wharton was captured by a Mexican ship and carried to Matamoros, where he was imprisoned. He escaped (allegedly by wearing a nun's habit) and returned to Texas to be re-elected to the Texas Senate in 1838.

He introduced the Texas "Lone Star" flag to Congress on December 28, and may have designed it.[1]


Wharton accidentally shot and killed himself while dismounting from his horse near Hempstead in Waller County, Texas, on March 14, 1839. He was buried at Restwood Memorial Park in Clute, Texas.


Both Wharton County, Texas, and its county seat, Wharton, were named for him and his brother John Austin Wharton (1806-1838), a fellow statesman of the Republic of Texas.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Merle Weir, "WHARTON, WILLIAM HARRIS," Handbook of Texas Online [1], accessed January 20, 2012. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
  2. ^ Davis (2006), p. 93.


  • Davis, William C (2004). Lone Star Rising: The Revolutionary Birth of the Texas Republic. Free Press. ISBN 9780684865102. 

External links[edit]

Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
post created
Texas Commissioner to the United States
1835 - 1836
served alongside Stephen F. Austin and Branch T. Archer
Succeeded by
unique post for support of
Texas independence
Political offices
Preceded by
1st Brazoria Senator
Republic of Texas Senate
Republic of Texas Senator from Brazoria District

1836 and 1837-1839
died in office 1839
Succeeded by
Anson Jones