William Harrison (Archpriest of England)

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The Reverend Father
William Harrison,
D.Th.
Archpriest of England
Church Roman Catholic Church
Appointed 23 February 1615
Term ended 11 May 1621
Predecessor George Birkhead
Orders
Ordination before 23 April 1578
Personal details
Born circa 1553
Derbyshire, England
Died 11 May 1621 (aged c. 68)
Denomination Roman Catholic
Alma mater

William Harrison (c.1553–1621) was an English Roman Catholic priest. He was the third and last archpriest of England.

Life[edit]

Born in Derbyshire circa 1553, he entered the English College, Douai in 1575, and was afterwards sent to Rome.[1] The records of the English College, Rome contain an entry to the effect that "Pater Gulielmus Harrison", then aged 25 years, and a priest studying Theology in the College, took the mission oath on 23 April 1578.[1] He left the College for England on 26 March 1581, having previously, as usual on such occasions, had an audience with the Pope.[1] From 1581 to 1587, he served the English mission, and in the last named year, went to Paris and became Licentiate in civil and canon law.[1] In 1590, he was entrusted by Father Robert Persons with the government of a small school for English in Eu, Normandy, and remained there until it was broken up by civil war, in 1593.[1] Harrison then became the Procurator of the English College at Reims, took his degree of Doctor in Theology in 1597, and was Professor of Divinity at Reims and Douai until 1603.[1] He then went to Rome for five years.[1] He returned to Douai on 29 October 1608, and left it on 19 June 1609, when he set out on his way back to the mission in England.[1]

Following the death of George Birkhead in 1614, Harrison was appointed archpriest of England by Pope Paul V on 23 February 1615. His brief was dated 11 July 1615.[2] Besides the usual faculties, Pope Paul V granted to Harrison "Facultates pro archipresbytero Angliæ, in regnis Angliæ, Scotiæ, Hiberniæ, Monæ, et aliis locis dominii regis Magnæ Britanniæ, ac pro personis eorundum regnorum et dominiorum tantum" on 23 July 1615.[2][3]

His policy was to restore peace between the secular clergy and the Jesuits while endeavouring to secure the independence of the former. To this end he aided Dr Matthew Kellison, president of the English College, Douai, in lessening the influence of the Jesuits there. He also aimed at restoring episcopal government in England. His influence ultimately secured this, though he himself died on 11 May 1621, just as his envoy was setting out for Rome.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Brady 1876, The Episcopal Succession in England, Scotland and Ireland, volume 3, p. 67.
  2. ^ a b Brady 1876, The Episcopal Succession in England, Scotland and Ireland, volume 3, p. 66.
  3. ^ Tierney, M. A. (1843). Dodd's Church History of England. Volume 5. London: Charles Dolman. p. CLXXXIV (84), appendix no. XXVII (27). 
  4. ^ Burton, Edwin (1913). "William Harrison". The Original Catholic Encyclopedia. Volume 7. New York: Encyclopedia Press. p. 143. 

Bibliography[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
George Birkhead
Archpriest of England
1615–1621
Succeeded by
William Bishop
as Vicar Apostolic of England