William Henry Green
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|William Henry Green|
January 27, 1824|
Groveville, New Jersey
|Died||February 10, 1900
Princeton, New Jersey
He was descended in the sixth generation from Jonathan Dickinson, first president of the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University), and his ancestors had been closely connected with the Presbyterian church. He graduated in 1840 from Lafayette College, where he was tutor in mathematics (1840–1842) and adjunct professor (1843–1844). In 1846 he graduated from Princeton Theological Seminary, and was instructor in Hebrew there from 1846 to 1849.
He was ordained in 1848 and was pastor of the Central Presbyterian church of Philadelphia from 1849 to 1851. From August 1851 until his death, in Princeton, New Jersey, aged 75, he was professor of Biblical and Oriental Literature in Princeton Theological Seminary. From 1859 the title of his chair was Oriental and Old Testament Literature.
In 1868 he refused the presidency of Princeton College; as senior professor he was long acting head of the Theological Seminary. His Grammar of the Hebrew Language (1861, revised 1888) was a distinct improvement in method on Gesenius, Rödiger, Ewald and Nordheimer. All his knowledge of Semitic languages he used in a conservative Higher Criticism, which is maintained in the following works:
In 1890 he published a highly influential article in Bibliotheca Sacra entitled "Primeval Chronology" in which he strongly criticized Irish Archbishop James Ussher's popular chronology of the world back to Creation and its association with the King James Bible:
We conclude that the Scriptures furnish no data for a chronological computation prior to the life of Abraham; and that the Mosaic records do not fix and were not intended to fix the precise date either of the Flood or of the creation of the world.
- The Pentateuch Vindicated from the Aspersions of Bishop Colenso (1863)
- Moses and the Prophets (1883)
- The Hebrew Feasts in their Relation to Recent Critical Hypotheses Concerning the Pentateuch (1885)
- The Unity of the Book of Genesis (1895)
- The Higher Criticism of the Pentateuch (1895)
- A General Introduction to the Old Testament, vol. i. Canon (1898), vol. ii. Text (1899)
He was the scholarly leader of the orthodox wing of American Presbyterianism, and was the moderator of the General Assembly of 1891. Green was chairman of the Old Testament committee of the Anglo-American Bible revision committee.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Green, William Henry". Encyclopædia Britannica. 12 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.; endnotes:
- See the articles by John D Davis in The Biblical World, new series, vol. xv., pp. 406–413 (Chicago, 1900), and The Presbyterian and Reformed Review, vol. xi. pp. 377–396 (Philadelphia, 1900).