William Herbert (British Army officer)

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Major-General The Hon. William Herbert (c. 1696 – 31 March 1757) was a British Army officer and politician. He was the fifth son of Thomas Herbert, 8th Earl of Pembroke by his wife Margaret, daughter of Sir Robert Sawyer of Highclere.

Biography[edit]

Herbert entered the Army on 1 May 1722[1] with a commission as lieutenant in the 1st Troop of Life Guards.[2][3] In 1734 he was elected to Parliament for his family's seat of Wilton: he would represent the constituency for the rest of his life, supporting the Government.[2][3] On 15 December 1738 he was promoted to captain in the 1st Regiment of Foot Guards, with the rank of lieutenant-colonel,[1] and in 1740 he was made a groom of the bedchamber to the King and paymaster to the garrison at Gibraltar, offices he would hold until his death.[2][3]

In 1745 Herbert was appointed aide-de-camp to the King, with brevet rank as a colonel, and in February 1747 he was made colonel of the 6th Regiment of Marines.[3] On 1 December 1747 he transferred to the colonelcy of the 14th Regiment of Foot[1][4] and on 27 January 1753 to that of the 2nd Dragoon Guards.[5] He was promoted major-general in 1755.[6]

William Herbert was married before 1741 to Catherine Elizabeth Tewes, of Aix-la-Chapelle. They had five children (three sons and two daughters),[2][3] including Henry Herbert, 1st Earl of Carnarvon.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Richard Cannon, Historical Record of the Fourteenth, or the Buckinghamshire Regiment of Foot (1845) p. 95.
  2. ^ a b c d Sir Lewis Namier, HERBERT, Hon. William (c.1696-1757). in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1754-1790 (1964).
  3. ^ a b c d e Eveline Cruickshanks, HERBERT, Hon. William (c.1696-1757). in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1715-1754 (1970).
  4. ^ "No. 8701". The London Gazette. 12–15 December 1747. p. 3. 
  5. ^ Richard Cannon, Historical Record of the Second, or Queen's Regiment of Dragoon Guards (1837) p. 95.
  6. ^ "No. 9459". The London Gazette. 15–18 March 1755. p. 2. 
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Hon. Robert Sawyer Herbert
Thomas Martin
Member of Parliament for Wilton
1734–1757
With: Hon. Robert Sawyer Herbert
Succeeded by
Hon. Robert Sawyer Herbert
Hon. Nicholas Herbert
Military offices
Preceded by
John Cotterell
Colonel of the 6th Regiment of Marines
1747
Succeeded by
John Laforey
Preceded by
John Price
Colonel of the 14th Regiment of Foot
1747–1753
Succeeded by
Edward Braddock
Preceded by
Sir John Ligonier
Colonel of the 2nd Dragoon Guards
1753–1757
Succeeded by
Lord George Sackville