William Home, 8th Earl of Home

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The Earl of Home
William Home 8th Earl of Home.png
William VIII, Earl of Home
Born 1681
Died 28 April 1761
Gibraltar
Allegiance  Kingdom of Great Britain
Service/branch British Army
Rank Lieutenant General
Battles/wars Jacobite Rebellion

Lieutenant General William Home, 8th Earl of Home (1681 – 28 April 1761) was a Scottish peer and the British Governor of Gibraltar between 1757 and 1761. Lord Home was a well-known spendthrift.

Military career[edit]

He inherited the title Earl of Home in 1720 on the death of his father, Alexander Home, 7th Earl of Home. He was commissioned into the 2nd Regiment of Dragoon Guards in 1735.[1] Home married wealthy Jamaican-English heiress Elizabeth Lawes for her fortune on Christmas Day 1742.[2][3] The couple would have no children, and the Earl deserted his wife in February 1743 for unknown reasons, taking a commission as a captain in the 3rd regiment of dragoon guards in July 1743. The couple remained technically married, however, and the Countess of Home went on to become a society figure, entertaining lavishly at her London home, Home House.

Lord Home fought at the Battle of Prestonpans in 1745 under Sir John Cope. Distinguishing service meant that he was given command of the Glasgow volunteer regiment of foot which was given orders to defend Stirling. He did well as most of the Jacobite forces were in England[1] making their way to Derby with Bonnie Prince Charlie.

On 11 August 1750 he became colonel of the 48th (Northamptonshire) Regiment of Foot,[1] transferring on 29 April 1752 to become colonel of the 25th (Edinburgh) Regiment of Foot until his death.[4]

In 1757 he was made Governor of Gibraltar and in 1759 promoted to Lieutenant General.[1]

Death and legacy[edit]

He was meant to return to England on 29 April 1761 but he died the day before in Gibraltar.[1] His younger brother Alexander succeeded him as Earl.[2][5] Despite the separation, his wife Elizabeth retained her title and remained independently wealthy due to her father and first husband[6] until her death in 1784. She was buried in Westminster Abbey.

The UK Government has a painting of Major General William Home in its collection attributed to the British school of painters.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Henderson, T.F. (2004). "Home, William, eighth earl of Home (d. 1761)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/13649.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  2. ^ a b Henderson 2004.
  3. ^ Harris 1997, p. 308.
  4. ^ http://www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk/online/content/home1604.htm
  5. ^ Lewis 1967, p. 447.
  6. ^ Pocock & Cook 2011.
  7. ^ Major General William Home (d.1761), 8th Earl of Home, Governor of Gibraltar (1758–1761), BBC, YourPaintings, retrieved 17 February 2014
Works cited
Government offices
Preceded by
Lord Tyrawley
Governor of Gibraltar
1757–1761
Succeeded by
Edward Cornwallis
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Alexander Home, 7th Earl of Home
Earl of Home
1720–1761
Succeeded by
Alexander Home, 9th Earl of Home
Military offices
Preceded by
William Maule, 1st Earl of Panmure
Colonel of the 25th (Edinburgh) Regiment of Foot)
1752–1761
Succeeded by
Sir Henry Erskine, Bt