William Hunter (Senator)
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Portrait by Charles Bird King, 1824
|United States Senator
from Rhode Island
October 28, 1811 – March 4, 1821
|Preceded by||Christopher G. Champlin|
|Succeeded by||James De Wolf|
|Member of the Rhode Island House of Representatives|
November 26, 1774|
Newport, Rhode Island
|Died||December 3, 1849
Newport, Rhode Island
|Resting place||Trinity Church Graveyard|
|Alma mater||Rhode Island College|
William Hunter (November 26, 1774 – December 3, 1849) was an American politician and diplomat and namesake/owner of the Hunter House museum.
Hunter was born in Newport, Rhode Island. He attended the Rogers School and graduated from the College of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations (the former name of Brown University) at Providence in 1791. In 1791 he went to England to study medicine, but when he arrived there he changed his mind and studied law. He returned to the United States in 1793 and established a law practice in Newport. He was a member of the Rhode Island General Assembly from 1799 to 1812, a member of the United States Senate from Rhode Island from 1811 to 1821, and a member of the Rhode Island House of Representatives from 1823 to 1825. Hunter had been elected by the state legislature to the United States Senate in 1811 after a senator resigned, and elected to a full term in 1814. On June 17, 1812, he was one of 13 Senators who voted against declaring war against Britain. He was a member of the United States Federalist Party in the Senate, and served as chairman of the Commerce Committee from 1815 to 1817.
He was a member of the Artillery Company of Newport, a militia unit to which many of Newport's leading citizens belonged.
After leaving the Senate, Hunter continued to practice law in Portland. In 1836, he was appointed by President Andrew Jackson to be the United States representative to Brazil. He served in this position for 9 years, until 1845, and then returned to Newport, where he died four years later. Hunter is buried in the Trinity Church graveyard.
Information about his political beliefs and activities while in the Senate is not easily available. One opinion that he is known for is that he believed that the state of Massachusetts was exaggerating its role in the Revolutionary War.
- United States Congress. "William Hunter (id: H000991)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- William Hunter at Find a Grave
- "Brazil" (List of Ambassadors to Brazil). United States Department of State. 2006. Retrieved 2011-03-08.
|United States Senate|
Christopher G. Champlin
|U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Rhode Island
Served alongside: Jeremiah B. Howell,
James Burrill, Jr., Nehemiah R. Knight
James De Wolf
Ethan Allen Brown
|United States Chargé d'Affaires, Brazil
7 January 1835 – 1 January 1842
Envoy Extraordinary and
|United States Minister to Brazil
1 January 1842 – 9 December 1843
George H. Proffit