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William (Yeates) Hurlstone (7 January 1876 – 30 May 1906) was an English composer who studied piano and composition at the Royal College of Music, after gaining a scholarship. His piano professors were Algernon Ashton and Edward Dannreuther. His composition teacher, Sir Charles Villiers Stanford, considered Hurlstone, among the many brilliant students whom he taught, to have been the most talented. In 1906, Hurlstone returned to the college as Professor of Counterpoint, but died later that year of bronchial asthma. He is buried in Croydon Cemetery with members of his family, though the monumental cross that surmounted the grave has been destroyed.[dubious ] The monumental cross that is in situ over William's grave was designed as a broken cross to signify that William had died before reaching his peak.(T. Hurlstone)
The greater part of Hurlstone's body of work consists of works for chamber ensembles. Although they are of consistently high quality, none achieved any great fame. Among the better known are
- Phantasie for String Quartet in A minor (published early 1905), which won first prize in the inaugural Cobbett Chamber Music Competition,
- Piano Quartet in E minor, Op. 43,
- Piano Trio in G major, dating from 1905,
- Trio in G minor for clarinet, bassoon and piano, and
- Four Characteristic Pieces for clarinet and piano (Ballade, Croon Song, Intermezzo and Scherzo).
Additionally, he composed four instrumental sonatas for:
- piano solo (in F minor),
- violin and piano,
- cello and piano, and
- bassoon and piano.
There is also a Quintet in G minor for flute, clarinet, horn, bassoon and piano.
His orchestral works include
- Variations on a Swedish Air,
- Variations on a Hungarian Air,
- Variations on an Original Theme,
- Magic Mirror Suite (based on the fairy tale of Snow White), and
- a Piano Concerto in D major.
Hurlstone was considered by Stanford to have been prone to being of the great composers of the early 20th century. Stanford considered him the most talented of his pupils, above Ralph Vaughan Williams and Gustav Holst.
Editions of his music
- Four Characteristic Pieces (B♭ clarinet and piano) Emerson Edition (Ref: E97)
- Quintet in G minor (flute, clarinet, bassoon, horn and piano; ed. Jonathan Kershaw 1998) Emerson Edition (Ref: E324)
- Scherzo (clarinet, bassoon and piano; missing movement from Trio in G minor; ed. Richard Moore) Emerson Edition (Ref: E404)
- Trio in G major (violin, cello and piano; published by Edition Silvertrust in 2008, Catalogue No. ES 2008-90)
- Trio in G minor (clarinet, bassoon, and piano; new complete edition 2006) Emerson Edition (Ref: E488) -- This replaces the original Edition E62 (1982) which was found to contain many inaccuracies.
- Sonata in F (bassoon and piano) Emerson Edition (Ref: E75)
- Hurlstone: Chamber Works (Dutton Vocalion) CDLX7128 (2003)
- William Hurlstone: Orchestral Works (Lyrita) SRCD208 (orig. 1993 - reissued 2006)
- features variation sets on an Original Theme and a Hungarian Air, as well as the Magic Mirror Suite
- William Hurlstone: Piano Concerto, Variations on a Swedish Air, Piano Quartet, Piano Trio (Lyrita) SRCD2286 (orig. 1979, 1984 - reissued 2007)
- (The) English Romantics - Works for Clarinet, Bassoon & Piano (Clarinet Classics) CC0023 (1998)
- features Trio for clarinet, bassoon and piano (1998 edition NOT the 2006 edition) and the Four Characteristic Pieces
- Goossens, Hurlstone and Turnbull: Violin Sonatas (Somm Recordings) SOMMCD031 (2003)
- Romantic Cello (Dutton Vocalion) CDLX7102 (1999)
- features Sonata for cello and piano.
- Dale and Hurlstone: Piano Sonatas (Somm Recordings) SOMMCD097 (2010)
- William Hurlstone: Complete Piano Music (Toccata Classics) TOCC0289 (2015)
- Romantic Piano Trios (Divine Art) DDA 25102 (2013)
- features Piano Trio in G Major
- "HURLSTONE, William Yeates". Grove's dictionary of music and musicians. 1: 447–448. 1906.
- Musical Times, May 1, 1905 list of recently published music. Retrieved 21 September 2010.
- The British Piano Sonata: 1870 - 1945 (at Google Books), by Lisa Hardy, page 39, Boydell & Brewer, 2001, ISBN 0-85115-822-6
- Richard J. Moore, 'The Trio in G Minor for Clarinet, Bassoon and Piano by William Yeates Hurlstone, a Critical Reassessment'
- William Yeates Hurlstone: A Web Resource These pages, prepared by Dr Peter Horton and Katy Hamilton, offer a biography of the composer, a catalogue of his works, facsimiles of letters, documents concert programmes in the collections of the Royal College of Music, some audio recordings, and facsimiles of some of Hurlstone's childhood writings.
- [Web site for book] Black Mahler: The Samuel Coleridge-Taylor Story, by Charles Elford, 2008, Grosvenor House Publishing Ltd., London, England, ISBN 978-1-906210-78-6
- "Biography", a 2000-word appendix of Richard J. Moore's The Trio in G Minor for Clarinet, Bassoon and Piano by William Yeates Hurlstone: a Critical Reassessment—The ... Reassessment also cites dozens of sources.
- "Hurlstone Piano Trio in G Major", 2- to 3-minute audio excerpt per movement, Edition Silvertrust
- William Hurlstone at Find a Grave
- Free scores by William Hurlstone at the International Music Score Library Project
- Corder, Frederick (1912). "Hurlstone, William Yeates". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography, 1912 supplement. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- Graves, R. E.; Morales. "Hurlstone, Frederick Yeates (1800–1869)first2= Patricia". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/14254. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)