William I, Count of Burgundy
|William I, Count of Burgundy|
Imaginary 19th-century portrait in the Cathédrale Saint-Jean de Besançon
|Died||12 November 1087|
|Spouse(s)||Stephanie (a.k.a. Etiennette)|
|Father||Renaud I, Count of Burgundy|
|Mother||Alice of Normandy|
William I (1020 – 12 November 1087), called the Great (le Grand or Tête Hardie, "the Stubborn"), was Count of Burgundy from 1057 to 1087 and Mâcon from 1078 to 1087. He was a son of Renaud I and Alice of Normandy, daughter of Richard II, Duke of Normandy. William was the father of several notable children, including Pope Callixtus II.
In 1057, he succeeded his father and reigned over a territory larger than that of the Franche-Comté itself. In 1087, he died in Besançon, Prince-Archbishopric of Besançon, Holy Roman Empire -- an independent city within the County of Burgundy. He was buried in Besançon's Cathedral of St John.
Children of Stephanie (order uncertain):
- Renaud II, William's successor, died on First Crusade
- Stephen I, successor to Renaud II, Stephen died on the Crusade of 1101
- Raymond of Burgundy who married Urraca of León and Castile and thus was given the government of Galicia (Spain) (died 1107)
- Sybilla (or Maud), married (1080) Eudes I of Burgundy
- Gisela of Burgundy, married (1090) Humbert II of Savoy and then Renier I of Montferrat
- Clementia married Robert II, Count of Flanders and was Regent, during his absence. She married secondly Godfrey I, Count of Leuven and was possibly the mother of Joscelin of Louvain.
- Guy of Vienne, elected pope, in 1119 at the Abbey of Cluny, as Calixtus II
- Hugh III, Archbishop of Besançon
- Stephanie married Lambert, Prince de Royans (died 1119)
- Ermentrude, married (1065) Theodoric I
- (perhaps) Bertha wife of Alphonso VI of Castile
- and maybe another daughter
- She was identified as the daughter of Adalbert, Duke of Lorraine in an article by Szabolcs de Vajay in Annales de Bourgogne, XXXII:247–267 (Oct–Dec 1960), but the author subsequently made an unqualified retraction of this claim in "Parlons encore d'Etiennette" in Prosopographica et Genealogica, vol. 3: Onomastique et Parenté dans l'Occident medieval, K. S. B. Keats-Rohan and C. Settipani, eds. (2000), pp. 2–6.
- The Crusade of 1101, James Lea Cate, A History of the Crusades: The First Hundred Years, ed.Kenneth Meyer Setton and M. W. Baldwin, (The University of Wisconsin Press, 1969), 364 note32.
- Portail sur Histoire Bourgogne et Histoire Franche-Comté, Gilles Maillet.
| Count of Burgundy
| Count of Mâcon|
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