William Irvine (Australian politician)

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The Honourable
Sir William Irvine
GCMG
21Williamirvine.jpg
21st Premier of Victoria
In office
10 June 1902 – 16 February 1904
Preceded by Alexander Peacock
Succeeded by Thomas Bent
Constituency Lowan
9th Attorney-General of Australia
In office
24 June 1913 – 17 September 1914
Preceded by Billy Hughes
Succeeded by Billy Hughes
Constituency Flinders
Personal details
Born (1858-07-06)6 July 1858
Newry, County Down, Ireland, UK
Died 20 August 1943(1943-08-20) (aged 85)
Toorak, Melbourne, Australia
Political party Commonwealth Liberal Party
Spouse(s) Agnes Somerville

Sir William Hill Irvine, GCMG (6 July 1858 – 20 August 1943), Irish born-Australian politician and judge, was the 21st Premier of Victoria. Irvine was born in Newry in County Down, Ireland, into a Scottish-Presbyterian family; he was the nephew of Irish revolutionary John Mitchel. He was educated at the Royal School, Armagh and Trinity College, Dublin, graduating in law in 1879 before migrating to Melbourne, where he taught in Presbyterian schools and read law at Melbourne University, gaining a masters degree in arts and law. He soon became a leading Melbourne barrister.[1]

Career[edit]

In 1894, Irvine was elected to the Victorian Legislative Assembly as a liberal. He was Attorney-General 1899–1900 and 1902–03 and Solicitor-General in 1903. He succeeded George Turner as leader of the Victorian Liberals, but was much more conservative than either Turner or the federal Protectionist Party leader, Alfred Deakin. In 1902 he displaced the more liberal Alexander Peacock and became Premier and Treasurer, holding office until 1904, when he was succeeded by Thomas Bent.

In 1906, Irvine was elected to the Australian House of Representatives for the seat of Flinders. First elected as an independent Protectionist, he became a member of Deakin's Commonwealth Liberal Party in 1908. He was Attorney-General in Joseph Cook's Liberal government of 1913–14. He was considered a potential Prime Minister of Australia, but his abrupt manner and hard-line conservatism made him unacceptable to many Liberals: he was known in Parliament as "Iceberg Irvine."

Recognising this, Irvine accepted the appointment as the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Victoria, which is the highest ranking court in the Australian State of Victoria. He held this position from 1918 until 1935.

He was knighted KCMG in 1914 and made GCMG in 1936. A keen motorist, he was a founding member of the Royal Automobile Club of Victoria (RACV) and was its patron from 1938 through 1943. In 1932 a painting of Irvine by Ernest Buckmaster won the Archibald Prize, Australia's best-known portrait prize.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Geoff Browne, A Biographical Register of the Victorian Parliament, 1900–84, Government Printer, Melbourne, 1985
  • Don Garden, Victoria: A History, Thomas Nelson, Melbourne, 1984
  • Kathleen Thompson and Geoffrey Serle, A Biographical Register of the Victorian Parliament, 1856–1900, Australian National University Press, Canberra, 1972
  • Raymond Wright, A People's Counsel. A History of the Parliament of Victoria, 1856–1990, Oxford University Press, Melbourne, 1992

External links[edit]

Victorian Legislative Assembly
Preceded by
Richard Baker
Member for Lowan
1894–1906
Succeeded by
Robert Stanley
Parliament of Australia
Preceded by
James Gibb
Member for Flinders
1906–1918
Succeeded by
Stanley Bruce
Political offices
Preceded by
Isaac Isaacs
Attorney-General of Victoria
1899–1900
Succeeded by
Isaac Isaacs
Preceded by
Alexander Peacock
Premier of Victoria
1902–1904
Succeeded by
Thomas Bent
Preceded by
Sir Samuel Gillott
Attorney-General of Victoria
1902–1903
Succeeded by
John Mark Davies
Preceded by
Billy Hughes
Attorney-General of Australia
1913–1914
Succeeded by
Billy Hughes
Legal offices
Preceded by
John Madden
Chief Justice of the
Supreme Court of Victoria

1918–1935
Succeeded by
Frederick Mann