William Irvine (general)

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William Irvine
General William Irvine 2.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's at-large district
In office
March 4, 1793 – March 3, 1795
Preceded by None
Succeeded by None
Personal details
Born (1741-11-03)November 3, 1741
Enniskillen, County Fermanagh, Ireland
Died July 29, 1804(1804-07-29) (aged 62)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Political party Anti-Administration
Military service
Allegiance United States
Service/branch Continental Army
Rank Brigadier General
Battles/wars American Revolutionary War

William Irvine (November 3, 1741 – July 29, 1804) was an Irish-American physician, soldier, and statesman from Carlisle, Pennsylvania.


Irvine was born near Enniskillen, County Fermanagh in Ireland. He served as a brigadier general in the Continental Army and represented Pennsylvania in both the Continental Congress (1787–88) and the United States House of Representatives (1793–1795). During the war, he convinced Colonel William Crawford to come out of retirement and lead an expedition against Indians in villages along the Sandusky River, which ended in Crawford's brutal execution. The militia troops went back under the command of John Rose, a Baltic German officer from Estonia.

He died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where he was buried in a graveyard near Independence Hall. He was reburied in 1833 at the new Ronaldson's Cemetery. When it was closed in the 1950s, the graves of a few Revolutionary War officers such as Irvine were identified by the rector of Old Swedes' and reburied at Gloria Dei Church cemetery.

His great-granddaughter Margaret Biddle married Thomas Biddle of the Biddle family of Philadelphia.

Irvine was the plaintiff in the Supreme Court case Irvine v. Sims's Lessee.

External links[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's at-large congressional district

Succeeded by