William Irvine (soldier)

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Coat of Arms for Irvines of Drum, with holly bushes

William (Thomas) Irvine (c. 1260-1333) (also known as William de Irwin and as Alexander I) was a Scots soldier born in Dumfriesshire in Aberdeen, Scotland.[1]

Armour Bearer[edit]

William was the Armour bearer and aide to Robert the Bruce.[2] The Irvines had been close allies of the Bruce during his wars with England. During one such time the Bruce made flight with a few aides, riding hard and exhaustingly. At one point they had to rest and the Bruce took sleep under a holly tree while William Irvine kept guard. From this story grows the Irvines of Drum Castles coat of arms with the holly.[1] At the Battle of Bannockburn (where the Scots won) in June 1314 William fought alongside the Bruce.


Drum Castle awarded to William Irvine for faithful service

For his services to the Bruce, William Irvine was granted land north of Aberdeen in 1323. He was given 10,000 acres of John Comyn land, which included the Royal Forest of Oaks and Drum Castle, thus William became the first Laird of Drum.[1] The Irvines would retain the land for over 650 years until it was handed over to the National Trust for Scotland.[1]

William was Keeper of the Rolls for Scotland from 1328 to 1331.


William Irvine would marry (before 1317) a granddaughter of the Bruce, Marotte Bernard the daughter of Robert Douglas, Earl of Buchan.[1] Marotte died in 1335. They had at least one child William (Thomas) Irvine, 2nd Laird of Drum.[1] Upon assuming the Earldom all Irvines changed their name to Alexander.


  1. ^ a b c d e f "Second Generation". thecityobserver.org. Retrieved 6 November 2012. 
  2. ^ "A Brief History Of The Irvines". www.irvinehistory.com. Retrieved 6 November 2012.